Sufers

Sufers (Romansh: Sur) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

Sufers

Coat of arms
Location of Sufers
Sufers
Sufers
Coordinates: 46°34′N 9°22′E
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictViamala
Government
  MayorThomas Lechner
Area
  Total34.62 km2 (13.37 sq mi)
Elevation
1,430 m (4,690 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
  Total144
  Density4.2/km2 (11/sq mi)
Postal code
7434
SFOS number3695
Surrounded byAndeer, Casti-Wergenstein, Ferrera, Madesimo (IT-SO), Safien, Splügen
Websitewww.sufers.ch
SFSO statistics

History

Sufers is first mentioned in 831 as Subere.[3]

Geography

Sufers has an area, as of 2006, of 34.6 km2 (13.4 sq mi). Of this area, 13.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 23.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (61.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Rheinwald sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It is a Haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square).

A dam on the Hinterrhein river was built in 1962 and forms the reservoir Sufnersee.

Demographics

Sufers has a population (as of 31 December 2018) of 144.[6] As of 2008, 3.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -6.6%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 52.0% male and 48.0% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Sufers is; 14 people or 12.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 11 people or 9.6% are 10 to 14, and 4 people or 3.5% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 11 people or 9.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 18 people or 15.7% are 30 to 39, 10 people or 8.7% are 40 to 49, and 17 people or 14.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 12 people or 10.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 10 people or 8.7% are 70 to 79, there are 8 people or 7.0% who are 80 to 89.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 57.3% of the vote. The next two most popular parties were the FDP (19.3%) and the CVP (2.1%).[4]

In Sufers about 77.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Sufers has an unemployment rate of 0.29%. As of 2005, there were 26 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 9 businesses involved in this sector. 12 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 27 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1690 186
1807 224
1850 184
1900 104
1950 124
2000 115
2010 126

Languages

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (91.3%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 4.3%) and Romansh being third ( 3.5%).[4]

Languages in Sufers
LanguagesCensus 1980Census 1990Census 2000
NumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercent
German10592.11%10493.69%10591.30%
Romansh32.63%10.90%43.48%
Population114100%111100%115100%

References

  1. "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. Sufers in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Oct-2009
  5. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019
  7. Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.