Sub-subunit

Sub-subunit or sub-sub-unit is a subordinated element below platoon level of company sized units or sub-units which normally might not be separately identified in authorization documents by name, number, or letter. Fire and maneuver teams, fireteams, squads, crews, sections and patrols are typically sub-subunits.

Military organization
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Typical units Typical numbers Typical commander
fireteam 2–4 lance corporal /
corporal
squad /
section
5–14 corporal /
sergeant /
staff sergeant
platoon /
troop
15–45 second lieutenant /
first lieutenant /
lieutenant
company /
battery /
squadron
80–150 first lieutenant /
captain /
major
battalion /
cohort
300–800 lieutenant colonel /
major
regiment /
brigade /
legion
1,000–5,500 colonel /
brigadier general
division 10,000–25,000 major general
corps 30,000–50,000 lieutenant general
field army 100,000–300,000 general /
lieutenant general
army group /
front
2+ field armies field marshal /
general of the army /
general
region /
theater
4+ army groups field marshal /
general of the army /
general /
admiral

Types of sub-units

Sub-subunits (de: Teileinheit; ru: подразделение/podrazdelenie) in various languages and armed forces
Designation & symbol Bundeswehr English French Russian Polish
Individual Whole sub-subunit Designation Structure Commander/leader

single
point
Single point above a laying rectangle Trupp2–7 men,
Tank crew
UnteroffizierHauptgefreiter Team
(e.g. Fireteam)
Équipe de combat Группа (gruppa)[1]
Звено (zveno)[2]
Расчёт (raschot)[3]
Działon
Obsługa
 
two
points
Two points above a laying rectangle Gruppe,
Halbzug
8–12 men,
2 tank crews
Oberfeldwebel ⇒ Unteroffizier Squad Groupe de combat Отделе́ние (otdelenie)
Экипаж (ekipazh)[4]
Расчёт (raschot)[5]
Drużyna
Rotte 2 aircraft Two-ship flight/Pair Patrouille légère Пара (para) N.N.
  
three
points
Three points above a laying rectangle Zug,
Hörsaal
ca. 40 men[6]HauptmannHauptfeldwebel Platoon,
Lecture hall
Section[7] Взвод (vzvod) Pluton
Schwarm/Kette3–4 aircraft Flight Patrouille[8]
Peloton[9]
Звено (zveno) Klucz
Legend
  •   Army
  •   Air Force

References

  1. Usually as a translation, rarely used in post-WWII Soviet and Russian infantry tactics due to small squad size
  2. In historical context, e.g. 1930s Red Army teams
  3. When referring to infantry teams crewing collective weapons: HMGs, grenade launchers, ATGMs etc.
  4. Crew in most military branches, e.g. aviation, armour, automobile troops etc.
  5. Crew in artillery and all kinds of missile troops
  6. The personal strength, e.g. of self-contained platoons, training platoons, technical platoons, or Bundeswehr sub-subunits with platoon structure, might contain different staff.
  7. A section with group-structure (e.g.: US Marine Corps, 8–12 soldiers) may contain, in opposite to a "Section" in France armed forces, decisive less personal strength.
  8. In fighter aviation
  9. In bomber and military transport aviation
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