Styria municipal structural reform
The Styria municipal structural reform (German: Steiermärkische Gemeindestrukturreform) was a local government reform in the Austrian state of Styria, which effective 1 January 2015 nearly halved the number of Styrian municipalities. The number of municipalities was reduced from 542 to 287, with the reform being intended to reduce costs and ease election of new town officials. Its basis is the Styrian Municipality Structural Reform Act (StGsrG). The law was adopted on December 17, 2013 by the Landtag of Styria, and promulgated on April 2, 2014.
As a result of the reform, the number of municipalities in Styria was reduced from 542 to 287 municipalities, a decrease of 255. Though the main parts of the reform didn't come into effect until 1 January 2015, several changes happened before then: On 1 January 2013, the former Gemeinden (municipalities) of Buch-Geiseldorf and Sankt Magdalena am Lemberg were merged as the new municipality Buch-St. Magdalena. Likewise, the former municipalities of Gai and Hafning bei Trofaiach were incorporated into the municipality Trofaiach. Both were done before the actual reform, reducing the number of municipalities in Styria to 539.
In total, 385 of the old municipalities were affected in some way (by inclusion of other municipalities or parts of municipalities, territorial changes or resolution), and 157 municipalities (about 55% of the new municipalities) remained unchanged.
Leading up to the reform, there were plans to expand the City of Graz by incorporating several neighboring municipalities into it, but these plans were not carried out.
After the reform, 251 old community names remained (though some of these names were now held by expanded municipalities). The names of Kirchbach in der Steiermark and Neumarkt in der Steiermark merely added the definite article "der". Many new municipal names were either shortenings of old names, or combinations of old names. One new municipality, Sankt Barbara im Mürztal, was named for the patron saint of miners, as it was a merger of three old municipalities that were roughly equal in population and importance.
New names of municipalities
As of October 2016, the reform has created 36 new town names, which are not just the largest of the former towns in each merger. The new names of municipalities include:
Detailed list of the new municipalities
From the formerly 539 independent communities (as of December 2014), these 287 new municipalities were formed on 1 January 2015 (157 unchanged municipalities are highlighted as dark gray, while 251 community names that continue to exist exactly, are in bold) 
The five municipalities Kohlberg, Limbach bei Neudau, Oberstorcha, Schlag bei Thalberg and Stocking are listed in the left column in each case twice, because their territory has been divided in two municipalities. In the second column, the former entire population is shown, but only the relevant part was added into the new sum.
- The number of inhabitants of the newly formed municipalities equal to the combined populations of all member municipalities as of 1 January 2014. Since five formerly independent municipalities were divided into two different new towns, the listed populations of these newly formed municipalities are not yet definitively applicable. The new data, as of 1 January 2015, from Statistik Austria are stored at Template:Metadata_population_AT-6.
The new municipalities mostly took the name of only one of the old municipalities that they were created from. In 21 cases, two old names (or parts of old names) were put together with a hyphen, new names were created by rewording (Ehrenhausen an der Weinstraße, Leutschach an der Weinstraße, Pischelsdorf am Kulm, Sankt Georgen am Kreischberg, Sankt Veit in der Südsteiermark) or by simplifying (Aflenz, Krakau, Oberwölz, Schwarzautal, Sölk) from the core term of two. Kirchberg in der Steiermark and Neumarkt in der Steiermark's names were only changed by adding the article "der". For Feistritztal, Pölstal and St. Barbara in Mürztal entirely new names were chosen for the new municipality. For Hieflau and others, the district boundaries have been moved.
- derstandard.at - "Schützenhöfer: "Einige in Wien hoffen, dass wir auf die Nase fallen"
- Steiermärkische Gemeindestrukturreform.
- Gesetz vom 17. Dezember 2013 über die Neugliederung der Gemeinden des Landes Steiermark (Steiermärkisches Gemeindestrukturreformgesetz).
- Landesgesetzblatt für die Steiermark vom 2. April 2014. Nr. 31, Jahrgang 2014. ZDB-ID 705127-x, eine inhaltlich nicht relevante, nur die Promulgationsklausel betreffende Berichtigung erfolgte durch die Kundmachung im Landesgesetzblatt Nr. 36/2014 vom 8. April 2014. Die relativ lange Zeit zwischen Beschluss und Kundmachung ist darauf zurückzuführen, dass dieses Gesetz nach § 8 Abs. 5 lit. d des Übergangsgesetzes 1920 der Zustimmung der Bundesregierung bedurfte (weil es Organisationsregeln betrifft, an welche auch Bundesbehörden anknüpfen, daher anders als andere Landesgesetze) BGBl 1925/368. In: Bundesgesetzblatt für die Republik Österreich, Year 1925, p. 1412–1420. (Online bei ANNO).
- Präsentation zur Gemeindestrukturreform.
- www.kleinezeitung.at - "Graz soll um neun GU-Gemeinden wachsen"
- Aufteilung auf die Gemeinden Bad Waltersdorf und Neudau
- Aufteilung auf die Gemeinden Dechantskirchen und Rohrbach an der Lafnitz
- Joining of the former municipalities Buch-Geiseldorf and Sankt Magdalena am Lemberg into the new municipality Buch-St. Magdalena on 1 January 2013
- Portion from the towns Sankt Georgen an der Stiefing und Wildon
- Eingemeindung der ehemaligen Gemeinden Hafning bei Trofaiach und Gai zur Gemeinde Trofaiach bereits am 1. Jänner 2013
- Aufteilung auf die Gemeinden [[Gnas, Styria|]] und Paldau
- Aufteilung auf die Gemeinden Kirchberg an der Raab und Paldau