Stumpffia

Stumpffia is a speciose genus of miniature to small microhylid frogs endemic to Madagascar.[1]

Stumpffia
Unidentified Stumpffia in Marojejy
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Subfamily: Cophylinae
Genus: Stumpffia
Boettger, 1881
Type species
Stumpffia psologlossa
Boettger, 1881
Diversity
41 species

Taxonomy

Stumpffia was first described from the single species Stumpffia psologlossa Boettger, 1881, based on a single specimen collected on Nosy Be, a large island off the northwest coast of Madagascar, by Anotonio Stumpff.[2] By 2017, 15 species were recognised. In late 2017, a major revision of the genus was published.[3] This study used integrative taxonomy, i.e. the combination of multiple different datasets, to delimit and describe new species: it combined morphological, morphometric, chromatic, bioacoustic, and genetic data to provide new data on the 15 described species of Stumpffia, and describe a further 26 new species.[3]

Debate on synonymy with Rhombophryne

The genus Stumpffia was proposed to be a junior synonym of Rhombophryne in 2016,[4] but this proposal was disputed and reversed by authors of a subsequent study, on the basis of their reciprocal monophyly and consistent morphological differences between the two genera that allow them to be distinguished.[5] The latter study established a new genus, Anilany for "Stumpffia" helenae, a species that would otherwise have rendered Stumpffia paraphyletic, and which is morphologically and genetically highly distinct from any species of Rhombophryne or Stumpffia.[5]

This debate was continued in 2017, with one group of authors continuing to advocate for synonymy of these two genera plus Anilany,[6] while the other group of authors continued to advocate for separate treatment of these genera based on their monophyly and morphological distinction allowing them to be distinguished with comparative ease.[7] There was a temporary impasse, wherein the Amphibian Species of the World database continued to adopt the single-genus taxonomy, and as a result, so too did the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species and other online databases (e.g. iNaturalist) that draw from that resource. Meanwhile, AmphibiaWeb continued to use the three-genus taxonomy, as did the taxonomists working on cophyline systematics,[3][8][9] and other groups working more broadly on frog evolution and taxonomy.[10][11]

In March 2019, a new genus, Mini, was described for the miniaturised frogs previously confused with Stumpffia that are more closely related to Plethodontohyla.[12] Evidence in this study, as well as that presented in a paper by Na Tu et al. in 2018,[11] helped to clarify the taxonomic situation, and the Amphibian Species of the World database reverted to treating Rhombophryne, Anilany, and Stumpffia as valid genera.[13]

Species

There are 41 currently recognised species:[1][3][14]

  • Stumpffia achillei Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia analamaina Klages et al., 2013
  • Stumpffia analanjirofo Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia angeluci Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia be Köhler, Vences, D'Cruze, and Glaw, 2010
  • Stumpffia betampona Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia contumelia Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia davidattenboroughi Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia diutissima Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia dolchi Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia edmondsi Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia fusca Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia garraffoi Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia gimmeli Glaw and Vences, 1992
  • Stumpffia grandis Guibé, 1974
  • Stumpffia hara Köhler, Vences, D'Cruze, and Glaw, 2010
  • Stumpffia huwei Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia iharana Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia jeannoeli Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia kibomena Glaw et al., 2015[14]
  • Stumpffia larinki Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia madagascariensis Mocquard, 1895
  • Stumpffia makira Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia maledicta Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia mamitika Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia megsoni Köhler, Vences, D'Cruze, and Glaw, 2010
  • Stumpffia meikeae Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia miery Ndriantsoa et al., 2013
  • Stumpffia miovaova Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia nigrorubra Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia obscoena Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia pardus Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia psologlossa Boettger, 1881
  • Stumpffia pygmaea Vences and Glaw, 1991
  • Stumpffia roseifemoralis Guibé, 1974
  • Stumpffia sorata Rakotoarison et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia spandei Rakotoarison, et al., 2017
  • Stumpffia staffordi Köhler, Vences, D'Cruze, and Glaw, 2010
  • Stumpffia tetradactyla Vences and Glaw, 1991
  • Stumpffia tridactyla Guibé, 1975
  • Stumpffia yanniki Rakotoarison et al., 2017

The taxon Stumpffia helenae'' Vallan, 2000 was transferred to Anilany[5] and therefore does not appear on this list.

References

  1. Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Stumpffia Boettger, 1881". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  2. Boettger, Oskar (1881). "Diagnoses Reptilium et Batrachiorum novorum ab ill. Antonio Stumpff in insula Nossi Bé Madagascariensi lectorum". Zoologischer Anzeiger. 4: 358–362.
  3. Rakotoarison, A.; Scherz, M.D.; Glaw, F.; Köhler, J; Andreone, F.; Franzen, M.; Glos, J.; Hawlitschek, O.; Jono, T.; Mori, A.; Ndriantsoa, S.H.; Raminosoa Rasoamampionona, N.; Riemann, J.C.; Rödel, M.-O.; Rosa, G.M.; Vieites, D.R.; Crottini, A.; Vences, M. (2017). "Describing the smaller majority: Integrative fast-track taxonomy reveals twenty-six new species of tiny microhylid frogs (genus Stumpffia) from Madagascar". Vertebrate Zoology. 67 (3): 271–398.
  4. Peloso, P. L. V.; Frost, D. R.; Richards, S. J.; Rodrigues, M. T.; Donnellan, S.; Matsui, M.; Raxworhty, C. J.; Biju, S. D.; Lemmon, E. M.; Lemmon, A. R.; Wheeler, W. C. (2016). "The impact of anchored phylogenomics and taxon sampling on phylogenetic inference in narrow-mouthed frogs (Anura, Microhylidae)". Cladistics. 32 (2): 113–140. doi:10.1111/cla.12118.
  5. Scherz, Mark D.; Vences, Miguel; Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Andreone, Franco; Köhler, Jörn; Glaw, Frank; Crottini, Angelica (2016). "Reconciling molecular phylogeny, morphological divergence and classification of Madagascan narrow-mouthed frogs (Amphibia: Microhylidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 100: 372–381. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.019.
  6. Peloso, Pedro L.V.; Raxworthy, Christopher J.; Wheeler, Ward C.; Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Nomenclatural stability does not justify recognition of paraphyletic taxa: A response to Scherz et al. (2016)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 111: 56–64. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.03.016.
  7. Scherz, Mark D.; Vences, Miguel; Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Andreone, Franco; Köhler, Jörn; Glaw, Frank; Crottini, Angelica (2017). "Lumping or splitting in the Cophylinae (Anura: Microhylidae) and the need for a parsimony of taxonomic changes: a response to Peloso et al. (2017)". Salamandra. 53 (3): 479–483.
  8. Lambert, Shea M.; Hutter, Carl R.; Scherz, Mark D. (2017-02-24). "Diamond in the rough: a new species of fossorial diamond frog (Rhombophryne) from Ranomafana National Park, southeastern Madagascar". Zoosystematics and Evolution. 93 (1): 143–155. doi:10.3897/zse.93.10188. ISSN 1860-0743.
  9. Scherz, Mark D.; Hawlitschek, Oliver; Andreone, Franco; Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Vences, Miguel; Glaw, Frank (2017-06-06). "A review of the taxonomy and osteology of the Rhombophryne serratopalpebrosa species group (Anura: Microhylidae) from Madagascar, with comments on the value of volume rendering of micro-CT data to taxonomists". Zootaxa. 4273 (3): 301. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4273.3.1. ISSN 1175-5334.
  10. Feng, Yan-Jie; Blackburn, David C.; Liang, Dan; Hillis, David M.; Wake, David B.; Cannatella, David C.; Zhang, Peng (2017-07-18). "Phylogenomics reveals rapid, simultaneous diversification of three major clades of Gondwanan frogs at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114 (29): E5864–E5870. doi:10.1073/pnas.1704632114. PMC 5530686. PMID 28673970.
  11. Tu, Na; Yang, MengHua; Liang, Dan; Zhang, Peng (September 2018). "A large-scale phylogeny of Microhylidae inferred from a combined dataset of 121 genes and 427 taxa". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 126: 85–91. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.03.036. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 29649581.
  12. Scherz, Mark D.; Hutter, Carl R.; Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Riemann, Jana C.; Rödel, Mark-Oliver; Ndriantsoa, Serge H.; Glos, Julian; Hyde Roberts, Sam; Crottini, Angelica (2019-03-27). Crowther, Mathew S. (ed.). "Morphological and ecological convergence at the lower size limit for vertebrates highlighted by five new miniaturised microhylid frog species from three different Madagascan genera". PLOS ONE. 14 (3): e0213314. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0213314. ISSN 1932-6203. PMID 30917162.
  13. American Museum of Natural History. "Rhombophryne Botteger, 1880". Amphibian Species of the World 6.0, an online reference. Archived from the original on 2019-04-02. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
  14. Glaw, F.; D. Vallan; F. Andreone; D. Edmonds; R. Dolch; M. Vences (2015). "Beautiful bright belly: A distinctive new microhylid frog (Amphibia: Stumpffia) from eastern Madagascar". Zootaxa. 3925 (1): 120–128. doi:10.11646/zootaxa925.1.8 (inactive 2019-12-13).CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
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