Stopover Tokyo is a 1957 American Color by Deluxe film noir crime film directed by Richard L. Breen and starring Robert Wagner, Joan Collins, Edmond O'Brien and Ken Scott. Filmed in Japan in CinemaScope, the film is set in Tokyo and follows a US counterintelligence agent working to foil a communist assassination plot.
|Directed by||Richard L. Breen|
|Produced by||Walter Reisch|
|Written by||Richard L. Breen|
|Based on||novel by John P. Marquand|
|Music by||Paul Sawtell|
|Cinematography||Charles G. Clarke|
|Edited by||Marjorie Fowler|
20th Century Fox
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$1,350,000 (US rentals)|
It was the sole feature film directed by Breen, an Academy Award-winning screenwriter.
US Intelligence Agent Mark Fannon (Robert Wagner) is sent to Tokyo on a routine courier mission but soon uncovers communist George Underwood’s (Edmond O'Brien) plot to assassinate the American High Commissioner (Larry Keating).
An attempt is made on Mark's life in a steam room and his local contact, Nobika, is assassinated. Lt. Afumi of the Tokyo police department escorts Tina and Mark to the scene of Nobika's death and shows them a note he found in Nobika's pocket.
Mark and Tina are detained by police. Mark phones Tony in Formosa to inquire about the name of the village in which Nobika lived. Mark goes there and tries to find classified information concealed in magazines. He meets Nobika's daughter, Koko.
By 1956, it had been nearly fifteen years since Marquand had written a Moto novel. He received an offer to write one from Stuart Rose, the editor of The Saturday Evening Post, who offered Marquand $5,000 to travel to Japan and an advance of $75,000.
Marquand visited Japan for a month and wrote up the story towards the end of 1956. Mr Moto was not the actual hero of the novel – that role went to secret agent John Rhyce, who is sent to Tokyo to combat a communist plot along with fellow agent Ruth Bogart.
The novel was serialised in the Post from 24 November 1956 to 12 January 1957 under the title "Rendezvous in Tokyo". The magazine's editors did not like the story's unhappy ending but Marquand insisted upon it. The novel itself was published in early 1957. It was a best seller and was, on the whole, well received, with a critic at The New York Times calling it "superlative".
20th Century Fox, which made the original Moto movies starring Peter Lorre, bought the film rights to the story in March 1956, prior to publication. Sam Engel was originally going to produce and William Holden and Jennifer Jones were mentioned as possible stars.
The movie ended up being the first of a proposed series of movies from writers Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch; Breen was to make his directorial debut and Reisch would produce. Robert Stack was meant to play the lead but refused the role because he did not want to go to Japan. Stack was suspended by the studio and the role given to Robert Wagner.
Cinematographer Charles G. Clarke made expansive use of location shooting in Kyoto, a sacred Shinto city which was only lightly bombed in World War II and taken off the nuclear bombing target list (from its original top listing) due to the efforts of Henry Stimson, who argued for the preservation of its cultural assets. <Cary, Otis>
The Chicago Tribune review praised the location photography but said the film "starts suspensefully, but ends limply." The Los Angeles Times liked the scenery which it thought "helps overcome somewhat routine plot development" but felt Wagner "goes about his spying work energetically although it is thought that this type of character isn't exactly his cup of tea."
A year after the movie came out Marquand told The New York Times that:
Mr Moto was my literary disgrace. I wrote about him to get shoes for the baby. I don't say I didn't have a pleasant time writing about him and he returned in Stopover Tokyo but I don't think I'll ever meet him again. Moto was an entirely different piece of writing from a so-called serious novel. He really became famous when they took him up in the movies. In book form he has never really sold well - never more than 5,000 to 6,000 copies. I can't say why people remember him, except they must remember the serials and pictures.
In 1959, Wagner disparaged the film:
When I started at Fox in 1950 they were making sixty five pictures a year. Now they're lucky if they make thirty. There was a chance to get some training in B pictures. Then TV struck. Everything went big and they started sticking me into Cinemascope spectacles. One day, smiling Joe Juvenile with no talent was doing a role intended for John Wayne. That was in a dog called Stopover Tokyo. I've really had to work to keep up.
- Solomon, p251
- Solomon, p227
- The Complete Mr. Moto Film Phile: A Casebook By Howard M. Berlin Wildside Press LLC, 2005 p 27-28 accessed 9 March 2015
- Welcome, Mr. Moto By ANTHONY BOUCHER. The New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y.] 20 Jan 1957: 232.
- John P. Marquand's Mr. Moto Returns in a New Spellbinder Butcher, Fanny. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 20 Jan 1957: b1.
- Books and Authors: Marquand Thriller New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 05 Dec 1956: 37.
- IN AND OUT OF BOOKS: Change Goodby Takes Winners By HARVEY BREIT. The New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y.] 17 Feb 1957: BR5.
- The Mr Moto Page accessed 9 March 2015
- CONTRACT RESUME IS SENT TO ACTORS: Screen Guild Pact Provides Pay Rises for All, Extends Jurisdiction to Canada New Holiday Provision Of Local Origin By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to The New York Times 26 Mar 1956: 35.
- Sam Engel Seeks Holden, Jennifer Jones for New Film Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 13 Apr 1956: b8.
- CASTING TROUBLES BESET FOX FILMS: Dailey and Dana Wynter Give up Roles in Wald Pictures-- Robert Stack Suspended By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to The New York Times. The New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y.] 18 Apr 1957: 34.
- FRED ZINNEMANN SIGNS MISS KERR: Director Acquires Star for 'Sundowners,' His First Independent Film Effort Wagner Replaces Stack By OSCAR GODBOUT Special to The New York Times.. The New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y.] 19 Apr 1957: 16.
- Ex-Screen Star Alice Lake Jailed on Drunk Charge Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 01 June 1957: 3.
- Japan Shirley Temple Contracted; Canadian Story Will Star More Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 28 June 1957: B9
- 'Stopover Tokyo' Stars Going on Publicity Tours Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 01 Nov 1957: B10.
- Film Keyed to Beauty of Japan: "STOPOVER: TOKYO" TINEE, MAE. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 08 Nov 1957: a5.
- 'Stopover Tokyo' Tale of Intrigue in Orient Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 08 Nov 1957: A7.
- Looking at Hollywood: Film to Co-Star Murphy, Borgnine Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 30 Sep 1957: b14.
- The World of John P. Marquand By LEWIS NICHOLS NEWBURYPORT, MASS.. The New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y.] 03 Aug 1958: BR4.
- PRESENTING A HAPPY 'ACT': WAGNER AND WOOD By THOMAS McDONALD HOLLYWOOD.. The New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y.] 14 June 1959: X7.
- Solomon, Aubrey. Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History (The Scarecrow Filmmakers Series). Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1.