Stingaree (1934 film)
Stingaree is an American pre-Code romantic drama film directed by William A. Wellman released by RKO Radio Pictures in 1934. The film was based on a story by Ernest William Hornung, which was published in 1905. Set in Australia, it stars Irene Dunne as Hilda Bouverie and Richard Dix as Stingaree.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||William A. Wellman|
|Produced by||Pandro S. Berman|
|Written by||Lynn Riggs|
|Screenplay by||Becky Gardiner|
Agnes Christine Johnston
|Based on||novel by E.W. Hornung|
|Music by||Max Steiner|
|Cinematography||James Van Trees|
|Edited by||James B. Morley|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
|May 25, 1934|
In 1874 Australia, newly installed Police Inspector Radford boasts to wealthy Hugh Clarkson that he will capture the famous outlaw Stingaree, who has returned to the area. Hilda Bouverie is an impoverished servant working for the Clarksons. Mr. Clarkson is kind, but his wife treats Hilda and Annie, another servant, as menials. Mrs. Clarkson is excited by the news that Sir Julian Kent, a renowned British composer, is going to be her guest. She dreams of performing before him and becoming an opera star, but her singing is not good. Hilda begs to be allowed to sing as well, but Mrs. Clarkson turns her down. Meanwhile, Sir Julian stops over at a tavern, where Radford and his colleagues are drinking. When Stingaree enters, the policemen are suspicious of the stranger; he is searched, but no weapon is found. His sidekick Howie follows, only he is armed. They abduct Sir Julian. Unaware of this, Mrs. Clarkson goes off to meet Sir Julian.
While she is away, Hilda, who dreams of being an opera singer herself, plays Sir Julian's new song. When Stingaree enters the Clarkson residence to reconnoitre for a future robbery, she mistakes him for Sir Julian and sings for him. He is entranced, and praises her talent. When the Clarksons return, they are accompanied by Radford, who eventually recalls Stingaree. Unmasked, he flees, taking Hilda with him. When they reach his hideout, Stingaree is annoyed to find that Howie has let Sir Julian escape, foiling his attempt to get her an audition. Hilda tells him that her parents had the dream of singing, and that when they died she inherited the dream. Then Stingaree kisses her.
Sir Julian attends a recital at the Clarksons house, with Mrs. Clarkson singing his song disastrously. Howie holds the guests at gunpoint while Stingaree accompanies Hilda on the piano. Sir Julian is greatly impressed by her singing. As the guests congratulate her, Stingaree and Howie slip away. However, Radford manages to shoot and arrest Stingaree. When a furious Mrs. Clarkson fires Hilda, Sir Julian invites her to Europe. Hilda refuses, unwilling to abandon Stingaree, but then she receives a letter from him telling her to pursue her dream, and that he gave up his freedom for her. She leaves, taking Annie with her. Under Sir Julian's tutelage, she becomes a famous opera singer.
Though she cannot forget Stingaree, she agrees to marry Sir Julian. The night before the wedding, however, she tells him that she cannot go through with it. She is going to give up her career and return to Australia. He persuades her to perform at a concert in Melbourne, hoping that the contrast with the fabulous opera houses of Europe will change her mind. Meanwhile, Stingaree escapes, and holds up the new Governor-General's stagecoach. He borrows the man's uniform and attends the concert disguised as him. When he is recognized, the police pursue him. He sneaks into Hilda's dressing room. Hilda offers to give up her singing career for him. As the police try to break down the door, he picks her up in his arms and escapes through the window. They ride off together on his horse.
- Irene Dunne as Hilda Bouverie
- Richard Dix as Stingaree
- Mary Boland as Mrs. Clarkson
- Conway Tearle as Sir Julian Kent
- Andy Devine as Howie
- Henry Stephenson as Mr. Hugh Clarkson
- George Barraud as Inspector Radford
- Una O'Connor as Annie
- "Snub" Pollard as Victor
- Reginald Owen as The Governor-General
- Billy Bevan as Mac
- Robert Greig as The Innkeeper
- Arthur Clayton as Constable
In October 1933 Irene Dunne signed a new two year contract with RKO the first film of which was to be Stingaree with Richard Dix, with whom she had made Cimarron. Later that month RKO announced the male lead would be Leslie Banks with Ernest B. Schoesdak to direct. Then Banks left to sign a contract with Fox.
RKO decided to replace him with John Boles, but he was not available, meaning shooting was pushed back so Dunne could make Age of Innocence. Then Boles dropped out and RKO decided to use Richard Dix, who had enjoyed a big success with Dunne in Cimarron. Filming started January 1934. Sheep were imported from Camarialla.
In 1934, Mordaunt Hall's review in the New York Times called the film "nicely done" and said that its "impossible happenings are highly entertaining." He went on to say that "Miss Dunne gives a charming performance and she sings several songs very agreeably."
The film was condemned by Australian writers for its depiction of Australia. A later review said "there is far too much singing, Dix is too fat to be a convincing bushranger and there’s rapey elements to the romance – but it is fascinating in its depiction of 1874 Australia, which is shown to be a complete backwater."
It screened in Australia in every state except New South Wales where there was a ban on bushranger films.
Preservation status and release on home video
In 1946, Stingaree, in addition to several other films, were sold out of the RKO library to producer Merian C. Cooper. On April 4 and April 11, 2007, Turner Classic Movies premiered films produced by Cooper at RKO but out of distribution for more than 50 years. According to TCM host Robert Osborne, Cooper agreed to a legal settlement with RKO in 1946, after accusing RKO of not giving him all the money due him from his RKO producer's contract in the 1930s.
The settlement gave Cooper complete ownership of several RKO titles, including Rafter Romance (1933) with Ginger Rogers, Double Harness (1933), The Right to Romance (1933), One Man's Journey (1933) with Lionel Barrymore, Living on Love (1937), and A Man to Remember (1938). According to an interview with a retired RKO executive, used as a promo on TCM for the premiere, Cooper allowed these films to be shown in 1955-1956 in a limited re-release and only in New York City.
Turner Entertainment purchased the rights to Stingaree, Turner Classic Movies remastered and released the films on DVD as part of their Lost RKO Collection. Until the rights were purchased by Turner and released on DVD, Stingaree had not been seen since a single television viewing in the late 1950s.
- Richard Jewel, 'RKO Film Grosses: 1931-1951', Historical Journal of Film Radio and Television, vol. 14, no. 1, 1994, p. 57.
- "Hollywood Discovers Australia – Strange 'Facts' About Our Country". Kalgoorlie Miner (WA: 1895-1950). WA: National Library of Australia. July 30, 1934. p. 2. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- Before casting Dunne as Hilda, RKO held talks with Jeanette MacDonald in hopes of loaning her out from MGM.Stingaree Detail View, tcm.com; accessed August 7, 2015.
- "Talkie Gossip". Morning Bulletin (20, 974). Queensland, Australia. 11 October 1933. p. 3. Retrieved 16 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Projection Jottings". New York Times. 4 June 1933. p. X3. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- "Projection Jottings". New York Times. 1 October 1933. p. X4. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- ""Vanessa," by Hugh Walpole, Purchased for Filming". Los Angeles Times. 6 October 1933. p. 11.
- "Pictures and Players in Hollywood". New York Times. 15 October 1933. p. X3. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- "At the Pictures:". Sydney Mail. XLIV, (1130). New South Wales, Australia. 22 November 1933. p. 15. Retrieved 16 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "Movie Notes". Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay And Burnett Advertiser (19, 706). Queensland, Australia. 2 January 1934. p. 2. Retrieved 16 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Monte Blue Forsakes Hero Roles and Continues Screen Career as Sympathetic Villain". Los Angeles Times. 17 January 1934. p. 11.
- "An Australian Who Is "King" in California". Table Talk (3445). Victoria, Australia. 17 May 1934. p. 16. Retrieved 16 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- Hall, Mordaunt (May 18, 1934). "Richard Dix, Irene Dunne and Conway Tearle in a Film Conception of E.W. Hornung's 'Stingaree'". The New York Times.
- Scott, John (7 June 1934). ""Stingaree" Rides Screen: Richard Dix Portrays Dashing Bandit at Hillstreet With Irene Dunne as Singing Heroine". Los Angeles Times. p. 11.
- "A Critic Goes to the Talkies". The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld.: 1866-1939). Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia. September 6, 1934. p. 20. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- Vagg, Stephen (July 24, 2019). "50 Meat Pie Westerns". Filmink.
- ""Out!" Says the Censor". Recorder (Port Pirie, SA: 1919-1954). Port Pirie, SA: National Library of Australia. December 28, 1939. p. 4. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "Double Harness Review". Allmovie. Retrieved 2008-06-22.