# Stilb (unit)

The stilb (sb) is the CGS unit of luminance for objects that are not self-luminous. It is equal to one candela per square centimeter or 104 nits (candelas per square meter). The name was coined by the French physicist André Blondel around 1920. It comes from the Greek word stilbein meaning "to glitter".

It was in common use in Europe up to World War I. In North America self-explanatory terms such as candle per square inch and candle per square meter were more common. The unit has since largely been replaced by the SI unit: candela per square meter. The current national standard for SI in the United States discourages the use of the stilb.

## Unit conversion

Candela
$\mathrm {1\,{\frac {cd}{m^{2}}}=10^{-4}\,sb}$ $\mathrm {1\,sb=1\,{\frac {cd}{cm^{2}}}=10^{4}\,{\frac {cd}{m^{2}}}}$ Nit
$\mathrm {1\,sb=10^{4}\,nit=10^{7}\,millinit}$ Lambert (L), Apostilb (asb), Blondel, Skot (sk), Bril
$\mathrm {1\,sb=1\pi \,L=10^{3}\pi \,mL=10^{4}\,\pi \,asb=10^{4}\pi \,blondel=10^{7}\pi \,sk=10^{11}\pi \,bril}$ Footlambert (fL)
$\mathrm {1\,sb\approx 0.3048^{2}\cdot 10^{4}\cdot \pi \,\,fL=2918.6...\,fL}$ SI photometry quantities
Quantity Unit Dimension Notes
Name Symbol[nb 1] Name Symbol Symbol[nb 2]
Luminous energy Qv[nb 3] lumen second lm⋅s TJ The lumen second is sometimes called the talbot.
Luminous flux, luminous power Φv[nb 3] lumen (= candela steradians) lm (= cd⋅sr) J Luminous energy per unit time
Luminous intensity Iv candela (= lumen per steradian) cd (= lm/sr) J Luminous flux per unit solid angle
Luminance Lv candela per square metre cd/m2 L−2J Luminous flux per unit solid angle per unit projected source area. The candela per square metre is sometimes called the nit.
Illuminance Ev lux (= lumen per square metre) lx (= lm/m2) L−2J Luminous flux incident on a surface
Luminous exitance, luminous emittance Mv lumen per square metre lm/m2 L−2J Luminous flux emitted from a surface
Luminous exposure Hv lux second lx⋅s L−2TJ Time-integrated illuminance
Luminous energy density ωv lumen second per cubic metre lm⋅s/m3 L−3TJ
Luminous efficacy (of radiation) K lumen per watt lm/W M−1L−2T3J Ratio of luminous flux to radiant flux
Luminous efficacy (of a source) η[nb 3] lumen per watt lm/W M−1L−2T3J Ratio of luminous flux to power consumption
Luminous efficiency, luminous coefficient V 1 Luminous efficacy normalized by the maximum possible efficacy