Stephenie Meyer (//; née Morgan; born December 24, 1973) is an American novelist and film producer. She is best known for her vampire romance series Twilight, which has sold over 100 million copies, with translations into 37 different languages. Meyer was the bestselling author of 2008 and 2009 in the US, having sold over 29 million books in 2008, and 26.5 million in 2009. Twilight was the best-selling book of 2008 in the US.
December 24, 1973
Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
|Alma mater||Brigham Young University (BA)|
|Genre||Vampire romance, young adult fiction, science fiction|
Christiaan Meyer (m. 1994)
Meyer was raised in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and was an avid reader. She attended Brigham Young University, marrying at the age of twenty-one, before graduating with a degree in English in 1997. With no prior experience as an author, the idea for the Twilight series was conjured in a dream about a handsome male vampire in love with a human girl and concerned about his thirst for her blood. She wrote Twilight soon thereafter. After many rejections, Little, Brown and Company offered her a $750,000 three-book deal which led to a four-book series, several spin-off novels and novellas, and a series of commercially successful film adaptations. Aside from young adult novels, Meyer has ventured into adult novels with The Host (2008) and The Chemist (2016). Meyer also works as a film producer and has her own production company, Fickle Fish Films.
Meyer was ranked No. 49 on Time magazine's list of the "100 Most Influential People in 2008", and was included in the Forbes Celebrity 100 list of the world's most powerful celebrities in 2009, at No. 26. Her annual earnings exceeded $50 million. In 2010, Forbes ranked her as the No. 59 most powerful celebrity with annual earnings of $40 million.
Early life and education
Stephenie Meyer was born on December 24, 1973 in Hartford, Connecticut, the second of six children to financial officer Stephen Morgan and Candy Morgan, a homemaker. Meyer was raised in Phoenix, Arizona and attended Chaparral High School in Scottsdale, Arizona. In 1992, Meyer won the National Merit Scholarship, which helped fund her undergraduate studies at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, where she received a BA in English Literature in 1997. Although she began and finished her degree at BYU, she took classes at Arizona State University in fall 1996 and spring 1997. Meyer met her husband, Christiaan "Pancho", in Arizona when they were both children. They married in 1994, when Meyer was 21. Together they have three sons. Christiaan Meyer, formerly an auditor, retired to take care of the children.
Meyer had little experience as a writer before writing her first novel, Twilight. She had considered going to law school because she felt she had no chance of becoming a writer; she later noted that the birth of her oldest son Gabe changed her mind, saying, "Once I had Gabe, I just wanted to be his mom." Before becoming an author, Meyer's only professional work was as a receptionist in a property company.
The Twilight series
The Twilight novels
According to Meyer, the idea for Twilight came to her in a dream on June 2, 2003 about a human girl and a vampire who was in love with her but thirsted for her blood. Based on this dream, Meyer wrote the draft of what became chapter 13 of the book. She wrote from chapter 13 to the end of the novel and then backfilled the first 12 chapters without an ideal audience in mind or the intention to publish the novel. Meyer researched the Quileute Native Americans to include their legends and traditions in the novel; the only fictional tradition includes the rivalry with vampires. She joined the American Night Writers Association (ANWA) for aspiring LDS female writers. In three months she had transformed the dream into a complete novel. Her sister's response to the book was enthusiastic and she persuaded Meyer to send the manuscript to literary agencies.
Of the 15 letters she wrote, five went unanswered, nine brought rejections, and the last was a positive response from Jodi Reamer of Writers House. Eight publishers competed for the rights to publish Twilight in a 2003 auction. By November, Meyer had signed a $750,000 three-book deal with Little, Brown and Company. Twilight was published in 2005 with a print run of 75,000 copies. Books signings and events at the Changing Hands Bookstore in Tempe, Arizona helped to bring attention to Meyer's book and augment her popularity. Twilight reached No. 5 on The New York Times Best Seller list for Children's Chapter Books within a month of its release, and later rose to #1. The novel was named the Publishers Weekly Best Book of the Year and a New York Times Editor's Choice. Despite its success, Twilight was one of the "most challenged" books of 2009 for being sexually explicit, being age-inappropriate, and for religious views; some schools and libraries were asked to remove the books from their shelves.
Upon publishing Twilight, Meyer had already outlined a story for a sequel. However, her publishers insisted that she follow Twilight with two sequels following Bella and Edward in college. Consequently, Meyer expanded the story into a series with three more books: New Moon (2006), Eclipse (2007), and Breaking Dawn (2008). The original story she pitched for the sequel would later be published in Breaking Dawn. Meanwhile, Meyer wrote a short story "Hell on Earth", about demons at prom night which was published in Prom Nights from Hell, a collection of stories about bad prom nights with supernatural effects. Other authors who contributed to the collection are Meg Cabot, Kim Harrison, Michele Jaffe and Lauren Myracle. Prom Nights from Hell was released in April 2007. Meyer's fans urged her to expand "Hell on Earth" into a full novel, but Meyer was occupied finishing Eclipse.
In its first week after publication, New Moon reached No. 5 on The New York Times Best Seller list for Children's Chapter Books, and in its second week rose to the No. 1 position, where it remained for the next 11 weeks. In total, it spent over 50 weeks on the list. In May 2007, Meyer held two promotional prom events at an Arizona State University gymnasium to celebrate the special edition release of New Moon and the release of Eclipse. For the event, Meyer wore a blood-red evening gown and signed over 1,000 books. Meyer's red dress was later auctioned for $5,500 at a fundraiser for a book seller's battle with breast cancer called Project Book Babe.
After the release of Eclipse, the first three "Twilight" books spent a combined 143 weeks on The New York Times Best Seller list. The fourth installment of the Twilight series, Breaking Dawn, was released with an initial print run of 3.7 million copies. Over 1.3 million copies were sold on the first day. The novel won Meyer her first British Book Award for Children's Book of the Year, despite competition from J. K. Rowling's The Tales of Beedle the Bard. The series has sold over 100 million copies worldwide in 37 languages. In 2008, the four Twilight books were in the top four spots on USA Today's year-end bestseller list. Meyer was the bestselling author of 2008, and the first author to have books in all four of the top-selling spots. The Twilight novels held the top four spots on USA Today's year-end list again in 2009. The success of the Twilight series has been attributed to the Internet which allowed Meyer to directly reach out to her fans, leading the series to be called "the first social networking bestseller."
In 2009, Stephenie Meyer was included in the Forbes Celebrity 100 list of the world's most powerful celebrities, entering at No. 26. Her annual earnings exceeded $50 million. The same year, Meyer was ranked No. 5 on Forbes' list of "Hollywood's Top-Earning Women", the only author on the list, and it was noted that the "Twilight series of young-adult vampire books have taken the publishing and film worlds by storm." In 2010, Forbes ranked her as the No. 59 most powerful celebrity with annual earnings of $40 million.
Twilight saga films
Summit Entertainment optioned Twilight in April 2007. Catherine Hardwicke directed the film and the screenplay was written by Melissa Rosenberg. It stars Kristen Stewart as Bella Swan, Robert Pattinson as Edward Cullen and Taylor Lautner as Jacob Black. The movie was released on November 21, 2008. Meyer makes a brief cameo appearance in a diner scene. The same year Meyer began her work in film with Jack's Mannequin music video "The Resolution" which she co-directed with Noble Jones.
Following the success of Twilight, Summit greenlit a film adaptation of the sequel, The Twilight Saga: New Moon, in November 2008. Chris Weitz directed the film, which was released on November 20, 2009. On opening night, New Moon broke the ticket sales record which had previously been set by Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. Summit confirmed an adaptation of the third book in the series, The Twilight Saga: Eclipse, in February 2009. David Slade directed the film, which was released on June 30, 2010. Summit also obtained the rights to Breaking Dawn in November 2008, and approved a two-part adaptation in June 2010 that started production in late 2010. The first part was released on November 18, 2011, and the second part on November 16, 2012. In 2011, Meyer started her own production company, Fickle Fish Films, with producer Meghan Hibbett. Meyer spent much of 2011 producing both parts of Breaking Dawn as well as the film adaptation of Shannon Hale's novel Austenland.
The Twilight Saga was successful in the box office. With a combined budget of $373 million, the five-film series earned $3.341 billion worldwide, shattering stereotypes that only male-directed big-budget action films could become blockbusters. Despite the commercial success, the films were extensively criticized. Breaking Dawn: Part II won seven Golden Raspberry Awards (Razzie awards) including Worst Picture, Worst Sequel, and Worst Screen Couple (for Taylor Lautner and Mackenzie Foy). The series spawned two parody films: Vampires Suck and Breaking Wind (though the spoofs received even harsher criticism).
Subsequent Twilight publications
In August 2009, USA Today revealed that Meyer broke J. K. Rowling's record on their bestseller list; the four Twilight books had spent 52 straight weeks in the top 10. In all, the books have spent more than 235 weeks on The New York Times Best Seller list. Upon the completion of the fourth entry in the series, Meyer indicated that Breaking Dawn would be the final novel to be told from Bella Swan's perspective. In 2015, she published a new book in honor of the 10th anniversary of the best-selling franchise, titled Life and Death: Twilight Reimagined, with the genders of the original protagonists switched.
On March 30, 2010, it was announced that Meyer had written a 200-page novella The Short Second Life of Bree Tanner. The book was released on June 5, 2010, by Atom and was available for free between June 7 and July 5 on the official website. Following the release of The Short Second Life of Bree Tanner, Stephenie Meyer donated $1.5 million to the American Red Cross Relief Fund to aid victims of the earthquakes in Haiti and Chile. Those who took advantage of the free ebook were also encouraged to make donations to the Red Cross.
Adult fiction publications
In May 2008, Meyer's adult sci-fi novel The Host, was released by the adult division of Little, Brown and Company. It follows the story of Melanie Stryder and Wanderer, a young woman and an invading alien "soul", who are forced to work as one. The Host debuted at No. 1 on The New York Times Best Seller list and remained on the list for 26 weeks. Meyer has said that she is working on additional books in The Host series and that she intends to write a trilogy, with the second and third books being called The Soul and The Seeker, respectively. As of December 2018, there have been no further developments, other than fan speculation, regarding a follow-up novel to The Host.
In 2009, Meyer teamed with the skateboard and clothing company Hobo Skate Company to produce her own clothing line, consisting of a line of T-shirts and skateboards related to her science-fiction novel The Host. Earlier that year, Meyer teamed had up with Hobo Skate Company to auction off a The Host-themed skateboard, which sold for $1500 that was donated to charity. In April 2009, Meyer took part in Project Book Babe, a benefit designed to help pay her friend Faith Hochhalter's medical bills after Hochhalter was diagnosed with breast cancer. Meyer donated many advance reader copies and original manuscripts for auction.
The Host was adapted into a film with Andrew Niccol directing and Saoirse Ronan starring as Melanie Stryder, Max Irons as Jared Howe and Jake Abel as Ian O'Shea. The film was released on March 29, 2013, to generally negative reviews. Though the film was a box office success, earning $64 million, it flopped compared to the Twilight Saga films.
The Chemist and television productions
In December 2015, it was announced that Meyer was producing a TV series based on Daniel O'Malley's book, The Rook to be premiered on Hulu and UK's Starz. Despite having purchased the rights for the novel with her production company, she left the project shortly after filming due to creative differences.
In July 2016, Little, Brown and Company announced that Meyer has written an adult action thriller titled The Chemist, about "an ex-agent on the run from her former employers". The book was released on November 8, 2016. In 2018, it was announced that Meyer's production company Fickle Fish would be working with Tomorrow Studios to produce a television series based on The Chemist.
Entertainment Weekly has stated that Meyer is "the world's most popular vampire novelist since Anne Rice", while The Guardian described her as an "imaginative storyteller, a prolific author and a newly powerful figure in the publishing market." Wayne Janes of Toronto Sun agreed, saying "Meyer's success points up another trend—the virtual domination of the best-seller lists the last few years by what would normally be classified as young adult fiction," and noted, "In the absence of a new Harry Potter adventure, teens, fantasy enthusiasts and women (sales are mostly to females) who swoon at the idea of a virginal James Dean-ish vampire made Meyer the go-to gal for chaste love." Tymon Smith of The Times has described her as the "superstar of young adult fiction".
Meyer was named one of MSN Lifestyle's "Most Influential Women of 2008" where she was described as a "literary luminary". She was also ranked No. 49 on Time magazine's list of the "100 Most Influential People in 2008", and was included in their list of "People Who Mattered", with Lev Grossman noting, "Maybe Americans aren't ready for a Mormon presidential nominee yet. But they're more than ready to anoint a Mormon as the best-selling novelist of the year." Meyer was included in The Arizona Republic's "Valley's Most Fascinating People" in December 2008.
She was ranked No. 82 on Vanity Fair's list of the "Top 100 Information Age Powers" of 2009. Meyer was featured in an issue of the biographical comic Female Force, a Bluewater Productions title which celebrates influential women in society and pop culture. The comic has previously published biographies of women such as Oprah Winfrey and Princess Diana. In 2011 CEOWorld Magazine ranked her among CEOWorld Magazine's Top Accomplished Women Entertainers. Meyer was the second bestselling author of the decade, according to a list published by Amazon, beaten by J. K. Rowling.
Despite Meyer's success, her novels have been highly criticized. The New York Times called the premise of Twilight "attractive and compelling"; however, the review continues, "the book suffers at times from overearnest, amateurish writing", indicating that Meyer's relied too much on "telling" rather than "showing" and that there were excessive references to Edward's attractiveness and Bella's swooning. An article from The Guardian criticized Bella's character, calling her "a clumsy, selfish nincompoop with the charisma of a boiled potato" and criticized Edward's portrayal as the "perfect little gentleman" who constantly counters Bella's sexual advances. NPR criticized the novel for being a repetitive "jackhammer" masked behind ornate language. Furthermore, they found the story uninteresting and the main character unlikeable. Entertainment Weekly stated that the narrative of Breaking Dawn was at times so chaotic and outrageous that Meyer shifted the point of view to Jacob Black which only toned down the mayhem of the plot for so long.
Stephenie Meyer has been criticized by feminists who consider Meyer an antifeminist writer. They say that the series romanticizes a physically abusive relationship, pointing to red flags that include Bella's entire life revolving around Edward; never being in control of her own life; being absolutely dependent on Edward's ability to protect her life, her virginity, and her humanity; and the physical injuries Bella suffers from finally consummating her relationship with Edward. Meyer has dismissed such criticisms, saying both that the books center around Bella's choice, and that her damsel in distress persona is due only to her humanity.
Novelist Orson Scott Card said, "[Stephenie Meyer] writes with luminous clarity, never standing between the reader and the dream they share. She's the real thing". In an interview with Newsweek, author Jodi Picoult said, "Stephenie Meyer has gotten people hooked on books, and that's good for all of us." Comparing Meyer to J. K. Rowling, Stephen King stated: "The real difference is that Jo Rowling is a terrific writer, and Stephenie Meyer can't write worth a darn. She's not very good". King went on to say that the appeal of her books were because, "[she's] opening up kind of a safe joining of love and sex in those books." American religious history scholar Jana Riess had mixed reactions to Meyer's novels. On the one hand, she found the Mormon theology strewn throughout her works at times beautiful and complex. Additionally, she stated that her stories are imaginative. However, she qualifies Meyer as a gifted storyteller, not a gifted writer, noting numerous technical flaws in her novels. Furthermore, Riess criticized the "retrogressive gender stereotypes" in Meyer's novels.
Meyer has gained a following among young adult readers of her Twilight novels, which are set in the small town of Forks on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington state. Forks has thus received attention from fans, and celebrates "Stephenie Meyer Day" on September 13, the date of character Bella Swan's birthday. Meyer's fans cosplay her book characters, write "fan fiction" related to the stories, and attend book signings. Extreme fans are known as "Twihards". There are over 150 fan-made websites dedicated to Meyer and her novels.
Inspired by Meyer's Twilight series, evolved a genre of geek rock called "Twi-rock", similar in purpose to wizard rock inspired by J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter series. Examples of these Twilight-themed bands include the Bella Cullen Project, Twilight Music Girls, Be Safe Bella, Bella Rocks, and the Mitch Hansen Band. The Mitch Hansen Band wrote the song "By You" in hopes that it would be included on the New Moon film soundtrack. An unofficial Twilight themed fan convention called TwiCon was organized in Dallas, Texas in summer 2009 which included "Twi-rock" band performances, a Volturi Ball, panels, workshops, and vendors.
Stephenie Meyer has named Mormonism as her greatest influence. She said, "Unconsciously, I put a lot of my basic beliefs into the story. Free agency is a big theme." Meyer cited BYU professor Steven Walker as having influenced her work. She explained that he revealed a new way for her to see and study literature which impacts her writing.
Meyer cites many novels as inspiration for the Twilight series, including Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë and L. M. Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables and its sequels. Each book in the series was also inspired specifically by a different literary classic: Twilight by Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice; New Moon by Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet; Eclipse by Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights; and Breaking Dawn's theme by Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice and A Midsummer Night's Dream. Meyer has indicated that despite the supernatural and vampire themes in her novels, she was influenced far more by Austen and Shakespeare than by Anne Rice or Stephen King. Meyer has described Jane Austen, Shakespeare, and Orson Scott Card as her favorite authors.
Meyer cites music as a prominent influence of her writing, and she posts playlists on her website of songs which specifically inspired her books. Bands included most often in her playlists are Muse, Blue October, My Chemical Romance, Coldplay and Linkin Park.
Meyer is a Mormon and does not drink alcohol, smoke, or watch R-rated movies. Similarly, there is no drinking and smoking in the novels and Edward. Despite pressure to include a major sex scene, Meyer was adamant against including graphic sex in her series. Some of the series appeal is due to its lack of sex and its eroticizing of abstinence. As a Mormon, Meyer acknowledges that her faith has influenced her work. In particular, she says that her characters "tend to think more about where they came from, and where they are going, than might be typical." Meyer says that she does not consciously intend her novels to be Mormon-influenced, or to promote the virtues of sexual abstinence and spiritual purity, but admits that her writing is shaped by her values, saying, "I don't think my books are going to be really graphic or dark, because of who I am. There's always going to be a lot of light in my stories."
Growing up, Meyer's life and family revolved around the LDS Church. They were involved in their LDS community and a young Meyer met her future husband at church. She studiously read the Book of Mormon, citing the book as having "the most significant impact on [her] life." However, Meyer dislikes when media constantly mentions her religion, claiming that the press does not emphasize the religions of other authors.
Books The Mormon People: The Making of an American Faith by Matthew Bowman and LDS in the USA: Mormonism and the Making of American Culture by Lee Trepanier and Lynita K. Newswander cite Meyer as having helped bring the LDS Church more into the mainstream.
According to an article from The Guardian, Meyer considers herself a feminist. Meyer has stated that, "the world is a better place when women are in charge." Additionally, she supported the massive success of Catherine Hardwicke, the director of Twilight and appreciated working with a nearly all-female production for Austenland. Meyer has explained that her definition of feminism is the ability for a woman to choose and the definition of anti-feminism is removing the choice, whether it fits gender stereotypes or not, from the woman entirely. She continued that some modern feminists contradict their message of equality for women by limiting or shaming certain women's choices. Furthermore, she stated that women who choose to stay home or have children are particularly criticized and that limitations on what women can do are anti-feminist in nature. Women's studies scholar Donna Ashcraft argues that Meyer is not a feminist, by definition, because her novels encourage traditional gender roles. However, although Ashcraft qualifies Meyer as traditional or nonfeminist, she clarifies that Meyer is not antifeminist.
Feminists discredit Meyer's purported feminism, calling Meyer's female novel characters "weak", "passive", and "too boy-crazy", citing that Meyer's anti-feminism is revealed through her poor role model characters. Noah Berlatsky of The Atlantic, in contrast, found Meyer's characters to be heroic. He continued that Meyer is a different kind of feminist that values motherhood, romance, and relationships and consequently, her characters lack the autonomy that comes from avoiding investment in relationships. After being asked in an interview with The Guardian whether she is anti-abortion, Meyer refused to directly answer the question, insisting that she does not like to talk about politics and that she abhors when celebrities use their popularity to influence voters. Berlatsky argues that her refusal to answer the question was not to avoid revealing her political position, but rather out of "respect for women's lives and women's choices".
Leaks and legal disputes
Midnight Sun was to be a companion novel to the series, intending to be a retelling of the events of the novel Twilight, but from the perspective of Edward Cullen. Meyer had hoped to have Midnight Sun published shortly after the release of Breaking Dawn, but after an online leak of a rough draft of its first 12 chapters, Meyer chose to delay the project indefinitely. Upset by the release of a draft she called "messy and flawed", Meyer decided to pursue books unrelated to Twilight as a result of the leak. She made the unedited and unfinished manuscript of a lengthy character development exercise of Midnight Sun available on her website.
The release of Midnight Sun was tentatively re-planned after re-visiting the Twilight series with Life and Death, a gender-swapped retelling of the novel in 2015. However, the release of Grey: Fifty Shades of Grey as Told by Christian in 2015 halted and soured Meyer's plans to release the Midnight Sun because Grey was also told from the male perspective. Meyer stated in a New York Comic-con panel that it was "a literal flip the table moment", admitting that "Midnight Sun is kind of cursed". Since 2015, the novel has been on hold indefinitely. According to an article from The Guardian in 2018; however, Midnight Sun is "no longer in the pipeline".
Originally an online novelized "fan-fiction" of the Twilight series, the novel Fifty Shades of Grey by E.L. James loosely explores the relationship between the main characters, had they not remained celibate before marriage. Though the publisher claims the novel is "original and no longer based on Twilight," James did not receive copyright authorization to write the novel and some have argued that Fifty Shades of Grey may be a copyright infringement. Though Meyer has stated that the novel is "too smutty" and does not interest her, she has not filed a copyright claim.
In 2009, Meyer faced plagiarism accusations for Breaking Dawn. Author of The Nocturne, Jordan Scott, claimed the circumstances around Bella's supernatural pregnancy and subsequent transformation into a vampire were similar to the storyline of her novel and indicated that Meyer plagiarized the plot of The Nocturne. Meyer dismissed the accusation, claiming she had not heard of the writer nor the novel. Scott failed to produce a copy of the novel to support her accusation; The Nocturne is not available on Amazon and is listed as "temporarily sold out" on her website.
Meyer received the Young Adult Library Services Association, Best Fiction for Young Adults Award for Twilight in 2006. In 2008, USA Today named Meyer "Author of the Year". The following year, Meyer was awarded the British Book Awards Children's Book of the Year for Breaking Dawn
- "Hell on Earth", published in Prom Nights from Hell (April 2007)
- The Host (May 6, 2008)
- The Chemist (November 8, 2016)
|2008||Twilight||Yes||Diner customer (uncredited)|
|2008||The Resolution||Yes||Music video for The Resolution by Jack's Mannequin, co-director with Noble Jones|
|2011||Breaking Dawn – Part 1||Yes||Yes||Part one of film based on her novel Breaking Dawn, wedding guest (uncredited)|
|2012||Breaking Dawn – Part 2||Yes||Part two of film based on her novel Breaking Dawn|
|2013||The Host||Yes||Film based on her novel The Host|
|2013||Austenland||Yes||Film based on novel of the same name by Shannon Hale|
|2018||Down a Dark Hall||Yes||Film based on novel of the same name by Lois Duncan|
- "The World's Most Powerful Celebrities: #26 Stephenie Meyer". Forbes. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- Diane Roback (March 22, 2010). "Children's Bestsellers 2009: The Reign Continues". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
- Debarros, Anthony; Cadden, Mary; DeRamus, Kristin; Schnaars, Christopher (January 14, 2009). "The top 100 titles of 2008". USA Today. Retrieved January 16, 2009.
- "The 2008 Time 100 Finalists". April 1, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- Shapiro 2009, pp. 20–21
- Cochrane, Kira (March 11, 2013). "Stephenie Meyer on Twilight, feminism and true love". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- "Stephenie Meyer - profile". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Limited. November 18, 2009. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- Laing, Olivia (November 14, 2009). "Stephenie Meyer - a squeaky-clean vampire queen". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
- "Scholars You May Know". National Merit Scholarship Corporation. National Merit Scholarship Corporation. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Walker, Michael R. (Winter 2007). "A Teenage Tale with Bite". BYU Magazine. Brigham Young University. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- McRae, Madalyn (November 29, 2017). "4 BYU alumnis who became bestselling authors". The Daily Universe. Brigham Young University. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 17.
- "So much more than you ever wanted to know about Stephenie Meyer". Stephenie Meyer. Archived from the original on September 24, 2005. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Damian Whitworth (May 13, 2008). "Harry who? Meet the new J.K. Rowling". The Times Online. London: The Times. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 5
- Scherer 2012, p. 19
- Tony-Allen Mills (August 10, 2008). "News Review interview: Stephenie Meyer". London: The Times. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- ""Twilight" author: It started with a dream". CNN. Cable News Network. November 18, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Grossman, Lev (November 23, 2009). "It's Twilight in America: The Vampire Saga". Time. Time, Inc. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Cobiella, Kelly (August 3, 2008). "Stephenie Meyer's Latest Vampire Tale". CBS News. CBS Interactive. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Walker, Michael R. (Winter 2007). "A Teenage Tale With Bite". Brigham Young University Magazine. Retrieved August 1, 2008.
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 7; Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 6
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 7.
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 8.
- Lev Grossman (April 24, 2008). "Stephenie Meyer: A New J.K. Rowling?". Time. Retrieved June 30, 2009.
- "BookStories Interview with Stephenie Meyer". BookStories. Changing Hands Bookstore. August 2006. Archived from the original on September 2, 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- "Stephenie Meyer By the Numbers". Publishers Weekly. December 5, 2008. Archived from the original on September 21, 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 9
- Karen Valby. "Stephenie Meyer: Inside the 'Twilight' Saga". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, pp. 109-115.
- "Her Literary Career – Stephenie Meyer". Time. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Children's Books – New York Times". The New York Times. June 17, 2007. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- Larry Carroll (May 9, 2008). "Official 'Twilight' Synopsis Sadly Lacking In 'OME!' Exclamations". MTV. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- Serjeant, Jill (April 14, 2010). ""Twilight" among "most challenged" books of 2009". Reuters. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Guanio-Uluru 2015, p. 5.
- Shapiro 2009, p. 96.
- Shapiro 2009, pp. 96–97.
- Children's Books: Best Sellers from The New York Times, August 2007
- Irwin, Megan (July 12, 2007). "Charmed". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Standlee, PJ (April 7, 2009). "Stephenie Meyer, J.S. Lewis and More Young Adult Authors Fight Cancer with Project Book Babe". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Jacks, Brian (August 4, 2008). "'Breaking Dawn' Sells 1.3 Million Copies in One Day". MTV.com. Retrieved August 9, 2008.
- Memmott, Carol (August 4, 2008). "Record-breaking sales for 'Breaking Dawn'". USA Today. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- "Obama biography captures U.K. book prize". CBC. CBC/Radio Canada. April 4, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- John A. Sellers (March 30, 2010). "New Stephenie Meyer Novella Arriving in June". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Lev Grossman (November 13, 2009). "It's Twilight in America". Time. Retrieved November 13, 2009.
- Kenneth Turan (November 21, 2002). "Movie Review: 'Twilight'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 21, 2008.
- Claudia Parsons (November 21, 2008). ""Twilight" publisher sees film boosting book sales". Reuters. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- Anita Singh (August 22, 2008). "Harry Potter under threat from Bella Swan in new vampire film Twilight". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
- Bob Minzesheimer and Anthony DeBarros (January 15, 2009). "Sellers basked in Stephenie Meyer's 'Twilight' in 2008". USA Today. Retrieved January 16, 2009.
- Bob Minzesheimer and Anthony DeBarros (January 14, 2010). "Stephenie Meyer's 'Twilight' series sweeps top four spots". USA Today. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Guanio-Uluru 2015, p. 162.
- Gil Kaufman (June 4, 2009). "Angelina Jolie, Oprah, Madonna Top Forbes Celebrity 100". MTV. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- Dorothy Pomerantz (August 5, 2009). "Hollywood's Top-Earning Women". Forbes. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- "#59 Stephenie Meyer - Forbes.com". Forbes. 2010. Archived from the original on January 29, 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Fleming, Michael Hardwicke to direct Meyer's 'Twilight', Variety (October 2, 2007)
- "Twilight Series | Twilight | Twilight the Movie". Stepheniemeyer.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Weiss, Sabrina Rojas (August 15, 2008). "Did 'Harry Potter' Release Date Change To Avoid 'Twilight' Competition?". MTV. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- Larry Carroll (April 4, 2008). "Exclusive: 'Twilight' Author Stephenie Meyer Shoots Movie Cameo". MTV. Retrieved February 12, 2009.
- James Montgomery (August 28, 2008). "'Twilight' Author Stephenie Meyer To Direct Vampire-Free Jack's Mannequin Video". MTV. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Jennifer Vineyard (September 5, 2008). "'Twilight' Author Stephenie Meyer Tries To Drown Jack's Mannequin In 'Resolution' Video". MTV. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Carroll, Larry (November 22, 2008). "'Twilight' Sequel Confirmed: 'New Moon' To Hit The Big Screen". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 20, 2009.
- Carroll, Larry (December 13, 2008). "BREAKING: Chris Weitz Named 'New Moon' Director, While Taylor Lautner Comes Up Short". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- Sperling, Nicole (December 10, 2008). "'Twilight' sequel: New details on 'New Moon'". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Archived from the original on January 9, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- "Summit Entertainment Starts Production on The Twilight Saga: Eclipse" (Press release). Summit Entertainment. August 18, 2009. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- Steven Zeitchik (November 14, 2008). "'Twilight' film franchise looks ahead". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "'Twilight: Breaking Dawn', will be released as two films". The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor. June 12, 2010. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Dargis, Manohla (November 17, 2011). "Edward, You May Now Bite the Bride". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Ryzik, Melena (November 16, 2012). "A Farewell to Fangs, Fur and Fandom". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- "Breaking Dawn' author Stephenie Meyer discusses her new role as movie producer". csmonitor.com. November 9, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
- McNary, Dave (August 13, 2013). "Q&A Stephenie Meyer: 'Twilight' Author Trades Undead for Well-Bred in 'Austenland'". Variety. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
- Mendelson, Scott (November 21, 2018). "'Twilight' Taught Hollywood Lessons That It Has Only Started To Learn". Forbes. Forbes Media LLC. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Couch, Aaron (February 23, 2013). "'Twilight' Wins 7 Razzie Awards Including Worst Picture". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- Beasley, Tom (November 6, 2018). "Twilight forever: how superfans kept the vampire critics at bay". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Chaney, Jen (August 18, 2010). ""Vampires Suck": This "Twilight" spoof does, too". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Edwards, David (March 20, 2012). "Breaking Wind review: A Twilight spoof even unfunnier than Vampires Suck". Mirror. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Carol Memmott and Mary Cadden (August 5, 2009). "Twilight series eclipses Potter records on Best-Selling list". USA Today. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Guanio-Uluru 2015, p. 6.
- "Twilight Series | Breaking Dawn". Stepheniemeyer.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Maane Khatchatourian. "'Twilight' Gets Gender-Swapped Novel – Variety". Variety.
- Flood, Alison (March 30, 2010). "Stephenie Meyer to publish new Twilight novella". London: The Guardian. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Rosenthal, Dave (March 20, 2010). "New Stephenie Meyer novella-online for free". The Baltimore Sun. Baltimore Sun. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 12
- Kellogg, Carolyn (March 31, 2010). "Stephenie Meyer's new vampire book will benefit the Red Cross". Los Angeles Times. LA Times. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- "Stephenie Meyer's vampire empire Stephenie Meyer | Cover Story | Books | Entertainment Weekly | 4". Ew.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Twilight series offers young people a twist on vampire fiction – CBC Arts Books". Cbc.ca. September 24, 2007. Archived from the original on March 31, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Schillaci, Sophie (March 28, 2013). "From 'Twilight' to 'The Host': A Stephenie Meyer Timeline". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
- Nance, Kevin (March 23, 2013). "Stephenie Meyer talks about 'The Host'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 16, 2019.
- "Books – Best-Seller Lists". The New York Times. May 25, 2008. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "The 25 Entertainers of the Year". Entertainment Weekly. November 13, 2008. Retrieved November 13, 2008.
- Carroll, Larry (April 9, 2008). "'Twilight' Writer Stephenie Meyer Wants Matt Damon For 'Host' Movie – Movie News Story MTV Movie News". Mtv.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Alter, Alexandra (November 9, 2016). "Sorry, "Twilight" Fans, Stephenie Meyer's Latest Is a Twister Spy Thriller". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- Terri Schwartz (September 2, 2009). "'Twilight' Author Stephenie Meyer Gets Her Own Clothingline!". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
- PJ Standlee (April 7, 2009). "Stephenie Meyer, J.S. Lewis and More Young Adult Authors Fight Cancer With Project Book Babe". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- McNary, Dave (May 12, 2011). "Meyer's 'Host' finds a helmer". Variety.
- Staskiewicz, Keith (May 3, 2011). "Saoirse Ronan cast in film of Stephenie Meyer's 'The Host'". Entertainment Weekly.
- "'The Host' Lands Release Date: Here's What We Know About Stephenie Meyer Adaptation". MTV.com. June 27, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- Lee, Stephan (April 1, 2013). "Box office report: 'G.I. Joe' wins Easter Weekend with a muscular $41.2M". CNN. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- Dean, Michelle (July 19, 2016). "Twilight author Stephenie Meyer to publish new thriller for adults". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- "Stephenie Meyer to produce The Rook TV series – The Bookseller". Retrieved September 19, 2016.
- Fear, David; Fontoura, Maria; Sepinwall, Alan (May 24, 2019). "Summer TV Preview 2019: From 'Big Little Lies' to 'The Dark Crystal'". Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone LLC. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Robinson, Joanna (July 28, 2017). "New Details on The Rook TV Series from Twilight's Stephenie Meyer". Vanity Fair. Conde Nast. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Andreeva, Nellie (June 1, 2018). ""The Rook": Lisa Zwerling & Karyn Usher Join As Showrunners, EP Stephenie Meyer Exits Starz Spy Series". Deadline. Penske Business Media. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Hale, Mike (June 27, 2019). "Review: In "The Rook", a Woman Has Powers, if She Can Remember Them". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- CNN, Lisa Respers France. "'Twilight' author publishing thriller". Retrieved September 19, 2016.
- Andreeva, Nellie (January 29, 2018). ""Twilight" Author Stephenie Meyer's "The Chemist" to Be Adapted As TV Series By Tomorrow Studios". Deadline. Penske Business Media. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Gregory Kirschling (August 2, 2007). "Stephenie Meyer's 'Twilight' Zone". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- "All fangs, no bite". London: The Guardian. August 7, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- Wayne Janes (December 28, 2008). "The might of bite". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on October 28, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- Tymon Smith (August 7, 2009). "Stephanie [sic] Meyer vs Jordan Scott". The Times. Archived from the original on April 11, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- "MSN Lifestyle's Most Influential Women of 2008". MSN. Archived from the original on February 10, 2009. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- Lev Grossman (December 17, 2008). "People Who Mattered: Stephenie Meyer". Time. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- Jaimee Rose (December 27, 2008). "Valley's most fascinating people: Stephenie Meyer". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- "The New Establishment 2009". Vanity Fair. September 1, 2009. Retrieved September 2, 2009.
- Mandi Bierly (August 4, 2009). "'Twilight' author Stephenie Meyer featured in 'Female Force' comic". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- "Accomplished Women Entertainers". CEOWORLD magazine. May 18, 2011. Archived from the original on January 15, 2016.
- Liew, Jonathan (December 16, 2009). "Amazon: top 10 best-selling books of the decade". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- Spires, Elizabeth (February 12, 2006). "'Enthusiasm' by Polly Shulman and 'Twilight,' by Stephenie Meyer". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Russell-Williams, Imogen (January 8, 2009). "Twilight vampires? Bah! Fangs ain't what they used to be..." The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Holmes, Linda (March 22, 2010). "The Writing Style of 'Twilight': We Kick Off The 'I will If You Will' Book Club". NPR. National Public Radio. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Reese, Jennifer (August 8, 2008). "Breaking Dawn". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- Laura Miller (July 30, 2008). "Touched by a vampire". salon.com. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
- Christine Seifert. "Bite Me! (Or Don't)". bitchmagazine.org. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
- Natalie Wilson (November 17, 2011). "Breaking Dawn: Part 1—An Anti-Abortion Message in a Bruised-Apple Package". msmagazine.com. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- Ashcraft 2013, p. 108.
- Orson Scott Card (April 30, 2009). "The 2008 Time 100: Stephenie Meyer". Time. Retrieved August 23, 2009.
- Jennie Yabroff (April 11, 2009). "Why Is It A Sin To Read For Fun?". Newsweek. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- Flood, Alison (February 5, 2009). "Twilight author Stephenie Meyer "can't write worth a darn", says Stephen King". The Guardian. The Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Reiss 2009, p. 146.
- Paige Dickerson (September 6, 2010). "Forks' Stephenie Meyer Day to celebrate 'Twilight' author's books". Peninsula Daily News. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- Lev Grossman (April 24, 2008). "Stephenie Meyer: A New J.K. Rowling?". Time. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- Blasingame, Deakin & Walsh 2012, p. 2.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (August 18, 2008). "'Harry Potter' vs. 'Twilight': Battle of the 'Bands About Books'". MTV News. MTV. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
- Carroll, Larry (August 31, 2009). "Mitch Hansen Band Hope For Spot on "New Moon" Soundtrack". MTV News. MTV. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
- Barrett, Annie (April 30, 2009). "Twilight: TwiCon is coming. Do not put away that pea coat". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
- Sanders, Eli (August 21, 2008). "10 Questions for Stephenie Meyer". Time. Time. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- Smyth, Karen Elizabeth (2011). ""What's a Nice Mormon Girl Like You Doing Writing about Vampires?": Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" Saga and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints" (PDF). College of William & Mary: 15. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- "Interview: Twilight author Stephenie Meyer". A Motley Vision. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Karen Valby (November 5, 2008). "Stephenie Meyer: 12 of My 'Twilight' Inspirations". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
- "Frequently Asked Questions: Breaking Dawn". December 14, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2009.
"What was the other book besides Midsummer Night's Dream that you said influenced Breaking Dawn?" As noted above, it was The Merchant of Venice.
- Proctor, Maurine (August 8, 2008). "Stephenie Meyer's Twilight". Meridian. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved December 11, 2008.
- Associated Press (April 30, 2008). "Teen star Stephenie Meyer writes adult novel". Today. NBC Universal. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- Kirschling, Gregory (July 5, 2008). "Interview with vampire writer Stephenie Meyer". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Margolis, Rick. "Love at First Bite: Stephenie Meyer talks about vampires, teen live, and her first novel, 'Twilight'". School Library Journal. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- "Twilight Series | Twilight | Playlist". Stepheniemeyer.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Twilight Series | New Moon | Playlist". Stepheniemeyer.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Twilight Series | Eclipse | Playlist". Stepheniemeyer.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "Twilight Series | Breaking Dawn | Playlist". Stepheniemeyer.com. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Trachtenberg, Jeffrey A. (August 10, 2007). "Booksellers Find Life After Harry in a Vampire Novel". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 11, 2008.
- Mills, Tony-Allen (August 10, 2008). "News Review interview: Stephenie Meyer". The Times. London. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
- Shapiro 2009, pp. 22–23
- Hanks 2009, p. 26
- Bosman, Julie (August 2, 2008). "Book Stokes Vampire Fever at Stores' Parties". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Winston, Diane (March 9, 2012). ""The Mormon People: The Making of an American Faith" by Matthew Bowman and "LDS in the USA: Mormonism and the Making of American Culture" by Lee Trepanier and Lynita K. Newswander". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Cochrane, Kira (March 11, 2013). "Stephenie Meyer on Twilight, feminism and true love". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Fetters, Ashley (November 15, 2012). "At Its Core, the 'Twilight' Saga Is a Story About ______". The Atlantic. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Ashcraft 2013, p. 22
- Ashcraft 2013, p. 22.
- Berlatsky, Noah (March 12, 2013). "How Could Someone Who Writes About Lovesick Teen Girls Be a Feminist?". The Atlantic. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "Twilight Series | Midnight Sun". Stepheniemeyer.com. August 28, 2008. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Renfro, Kim (October 2, 2015). ""Fifty Shades of Grey" is the reason fans will never get the "Twilight" spinoff they've been waiting years for". Business Insider. Insider, Inc. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Lewis, Megan (October 9, 2015). "Stephenie Meyer has no plans to release "Midnight Sun" after "Grey"". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Mulligan, Christina (February 11, 2015). "The most scandalous part of "Fifty Shades of Grey" isn't the sex and bondage". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Flood, Alison (August 5, 2009). "Stephenie Meyer faces plagiarism claim". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "Best Fiction for Young Adults". American Library Association. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "Books year in review". USA Today. December 28, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- Wardrop, Murray (April 4, 2009). "Barack Obama triumphs at British Book Awards with Dreams From My Father". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- "Midnight Sun: Edward's Version of Twilight". Stephenie Meyer. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Finch, Charles (November 4, 2016). "Stephenie Meyer brews a tasty thriller with "The Chemist"". USA Today. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- Meyer, Stephenie (December 2006). "Hero at the Grocery Store". Ensign. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- Durand, Elizabeth (June 6, 2011). "Stephenie Meyer Makes Cameo in "Breaking Dawn: Part 1"". MTV News. MTV. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (September 5, 2008). ""Twilight" Author Stephanie Meyer Tries to Drown Jack's Mannequin in "Resolution" Video". MTV News. MTV. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Richmond, Krista (November 9, 2011). ""Breaking Dawn" author Stephenie Meyer discusses her new role as movie producer". The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Kit, Zorianna (March 27, 2013). "A Minute With: "Twilight" author Stephanie Meyer on "The Host"". Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- McNary, Dave (August 13, 2013). "Q&A Stephenie Meyer: "Twilight" Author Trades Undead for Well-Bred in "Austenland"". Variety. Variety Media. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Vary, Adam B. (April 19, 2012). "Stephenie Meyer optioning suspense novel "Down a Dark Hall"". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Ashcraft, Donna M. (2013). Deconstructing Twilight: Psychological and Feminist Perspectives on the Series. New York: Peter Lang. ISBN 9781433116384.
- Blasingame, James; Deakin, Kathleen; Walsh, Laura A. (2012). Stephenie Meyer: In the Twilight. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 9780810883734. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- Guanio-Uluru, Lykke (2015). Ethics and Form in Fantasy Literature: Tolkien, Rowling, and Meyer. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781137469687.
- Hanks, Maxine (December 2009). "Do Mormon Moms Dream of Monstrous Gods? Stephenie Meyer's Twilight Myth as Mormon Heroine's Journey" (PDF). Sunstone: 26–30. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Reiss, Jana (2009). "Book of Mormon Stories that Steph Meyer Tells to Me: LDS Themes in the Twilight Saga and The Host". BYU Studies. 48 (3). Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- Shapiro, Marc (2009). Stephenie Meyer: The Unauthorized Biography of the Creator of the Twilight Saga. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 9780312638290.
- Scherer, Lauri S. (2012). People in the News: Stephenie Meyer. Farmington Hills, MI: Lucent Books. ISBN 9781420507614. Retrieved October 31, 2019.