Statue of Charles II, Royal Hospital Chelsea
The statue of Charles II stands in the Figure, or Middle, Court of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea, London. The sculptor was Grinling Gibbons, and the statue was executed around 1680–1682. The king founded the Royal Hospital in 1682 as a home for retired army veterans. The statue is a Grade I listed structure.
|Statue of Charles II|
|Official name||Statue of Charles II in centre of Middle Courtyard in Main Buildings, Royal Hospital|
|Designated||5 April 1969|
Charles II founded the Royal Hospital in 1682 to care for "those broken by age or war". The inspiration was the Hotel des Invalides, in Paris, founded by his fellow monarch Louis XIV of France. The commission was given to Christopher Wren and construction continued from 1682 to 1691. The statue of Charles was commissioned by Tobias Rustat, a member of the king's court and was designed by Grinling Gibbons in about 1682. Gibbon's fee was £500. The statue originally stood elsewhere and was moved to the Royal Hospital after Charles's death in 1685. Annually, on 29 May, Oak Apple Day, the traditional day for the celebration of the Restoration in 1660, the statue is wreathed with oak leaves.
The statue is of brass and was originally gilded in bronze. It has been re-gilded subsequently to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in 2002. It depicts the king in the attire of a Roman general, is 7.6ft high, and stands on a marble plinth. The statue was designated a Grade I listed structure, the highest grading given to buildings and structures of "exceptional interest", in 1969.
- "- Royal Hospital Chelsea".
- Cherry & Pevsner 2002, p. 562.
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- Cherry & Pevsner 2002, p. 565.
- "STATUE OF CHARLES II IN CENTRE OF MIDDLE COURTYARD IN MAIN BUILDINGS, ROYAL HOSPITAL, Kensington and Chelsea – 1226477". Historic England. 1969-04-15. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
- "The Royal Hospital: Architectural description – British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk.
- Darke 1991, p. 46.
- "Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee". Exploring London. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
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- Darke, Jo (1991). The Monument Guide to England and Wales: A National Portrait in Bronze and Stone. London: MacDonald and Co. OCLC 1008240876.
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