State Legislative Council (India)

The Legislative Council (Hindi: Vidhan Parishad) is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral legislature; the lower house being the State Legislative Assembly. Its establishment is defined in Article 169 of the Constitution of India.

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As of November 2019, after the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh as union territories, 6 out of 28 states have a State Legislative Council. The latest state to have a council is Telangana.[1].

Qualification required to be an MLC

Each Member of the State Legislative Council (MLC) serves for a six-year term, with terms staggered so that the terms of one third of a State Legislative Council's membership expire every two years. This arrangement parallels that for the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India.

MLC must be a citizen of India, at least 30 years old, mentally sound, not an insolvent, and must be enrolled on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament at the same time.

The size of the State Legislative Council cannot be more than one third of the membership of the State Legislative Assembly. However, its size cannot be less than 40 members (except in now abolished Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council, where there were 36 by an Act of Parliament.)

MLCs are chosen in the following manner:

List of State Legislative Councils

State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) ImageLocation/state capitalNumber of constituenciesGoverning party
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council Amaravati58YSR Congress Party
Bihar Legislative Council Patna75Janata Dal (United)
Karnataka Legislative Council 75Bharatiya Janata Party
Maharashtra Legislative Council 78Shiv Sena
Telangana Legislative Council Hyderabad40Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council Lucknow100Bharatiya Janata Party
Total 426

Proposed State Legislative Councils

The existence of a State Legislative Council has proven politically controversial. A number of states that have had their Legislative Council abolished have subsequently requested its re-establishment; conversely, proposals for the re-establishment of the Legislative Council for a state have also met with opposition. Proposals for abolition or re-establishment of a state's Legislative Council require confirmation by the Parliament of India.

Abolished

Abolished, but want reconstruction

Wants construction

  • Delhi Legislative Council
  • Himachal Pradesh Legislative Council
  • Odisha Legislative Council
  • Rajasthan Legislative Council
  • Uttarakhand Legislative Council

See also

References

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