State Legislative Assembly (India)

The Legislative Assembly (Hindi: Vidhan Sabha) is a legislative body in the States and Union Territories of India. In the 22 states and 3 union territories with a unicameral state legislature it is the sole legislative body and in 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being Legislative Council. 5 Union Territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies. In 14 states the Governor of a state may appoint one Anglo-Indian MLA to their respective states Assemblies, in accordance with the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution of India. The Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members. A State Legislative Assembly may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the majority coalition[1].

Qualifications required to become an MLA

To become a Member of a State Legislative Assembly (MLA), a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age, should be mentally sound, should not be bankrupt, and must be enrolled on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her.

A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Special powers of the State Legislative Assembly

A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and her/his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.

A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the State Legislative Council, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.

In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of State Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, State Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).

List of Legislative Assemblies

Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) ImageList of constituenciesLocation/state capitalNumber of constituenciesGoverning party
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Amaravati176YSR Congress Party
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative AssemblyItanagar60Bharatiya Janata Party
Assam Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Assam Legislative AssemblyDispur126Bharatiya Janata Party
Bihar Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Bihar Legislative AssemblyPatna244Janata Dal (United)
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly Naya Raipur91Indian National Congress
Delhi Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Delhi Legislative AssemblyNew Delhi70Aam Aadmi Party
Goa Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Goa Legislative AssemblyPanaji40Bharatiya Janata Party
Gujarat Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly Gandhinagar183Bharatiya Janata Party
Haryana Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Haryana Legislative AssemblyChandigarh90Bharatiya Janata Party
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly 68Bharatiya Janata Party
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly 89N/A
(Lieutenant Governor's rule)
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Jharkhand Legislative AssemblyRanchi82Bharatiya Janata Party
Karnataka Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly 225Bharatiya Janata Party
Kerala Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Kerala Legislative AssemblyThiruvananthapuram141Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Madhya Pradesh Legislative AssemblyBhopal231Indian National Congress
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly 289Shiv Sena
Manipur Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Manipur Legislative AssemblyImphal60Bharatiya Janata Party
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Meghalaya Legislative AssemblyShillong60National People's Party
Mizoram Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Mizoram Legislative AssemblyAizawl40Mizo National Front
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Nagaland Legislative AssemblyKohima60Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party
Odisha Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative AssemblyBhubaneshwar147Biju Janata Dal
Puducherry Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Puducherry Legislative AssemblyPuducherry33#Indian National Congress
Punjab Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Punjab Legislative AssemblyChandigarh117Indian National Congress
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Rajasthan Legislative AssemblyJaipur200Indian National Congress
Sikkim Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Sikkim Legislative AssemblyGangtok32Sikkim Krantikari Morcha
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Tamil Nadu Legislative AssemblyChennai235All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telangana Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Telangana Legislative AssemblyHyderabad120Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Tripura Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Tripura Legislative AssemblyAgartala60Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative AssemblyLucknow404Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the Uttarakhand Legislative AssemblyDehradun (interim)71Bharatiya Janata Party
West Bengal Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of the West Bengal Legislative AssemblyKolkata295All India Trinamool Congress
Total 4139[2]

Notes

  • – In these fourteen state legislative assemblies, one seat is reserved for the nominated Anglo-Indian member.
  • – In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. In addition to that, twenty-four more seats are reserved for the representatives from Pakistan-administered Kashmir and not counted normally.
  • # – In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the members nominated by the Union Government of India.

See also

References

  1. www.india.gov.in (PDF) https://www.india.gov.in/sites/upload_files/npi/files/coi_part_full.pdf. Retrieved 2018-12-12. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. "Election Commission of India". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
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