Starz Encore (originally named Encore from its launch in April 1991 until April 2016) is an American premium channel that is owned by Lions Gate Entertainment. Its programming features mainly older and recent theatrically released feature films, although some of its multiplex channels also carry acquired television series. The headquarters of Starz Encore, and its sister channels Starz and MoviePlex, are located at the Meridian International Business Center complex in Meridian, Colorado, United States.
|Launched||April 1, 1991|
|Owned by||Starz Inc.|
|Picture format||1080i HDTV|
(downscaled to letterboxed 480i for the SDTV feed)
|Formerly called||Encore (1991–2016)|
|Available on most American cable systems||Channel slots may vary|
|DirecTV Now||Internet Protocol television|
|YouTube TV||Internet Protocol Television|
|Sling TV||Internet Protocol television|
|Hulu||Internet Protocol Television|
As of February 2015, Starz Encore's programming is available to approximately 39.709 million television households (34.1% of cable, satellite and telco customers) in the United States (38.310 million subscribers or 32.9% of all households with pay television service receive at least Starz Encore's primary channel). This outpaces HBO's 35.8 million pay subscribers (also as of February 2015) to make Starz Encore the largest premium channel by overall reach in the United States.
Starz Encore has a higher subscriber base than its competitors and sister channels because, although Starz and Starz Encore are often sold together in a singular package, some digital cable, telco and satellite providers offer the Starz Encore multiplex separately from Starz as part of an a la carte tier in which it is packaged with other commercial-free and advertiser-supported film-oriented channels (such as Epix, FX Movie Channel and Lifetime Movies). Therefore, Starz Encore subscribers do not necessarily have to subscribe to Starz in order to receive the channel.
Early focus on 1960s, 1970s and 1980s movies
Encore launched at 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time on April 1, 1991, on four cable systems that were operated by Tele-Communications Inc. (both TCI and Liberty Media, both of which jointly owned Encore initially, were controlled by John Malone). The channel debuted with an introduction by founder John Sie, who served as the president of the network from its launch until 1999 and CEO until his retirement in 2004, which was then followed by Encore's first movie telecast, the 1980 comedy film 9 to 5. Encore was the first major U.S. premium channel to debut in almost 11 years, since Cinemax launched on August 1, 1980 – at the time of Encore's launch, Cinemax, HBO, Showtime and The Movie Channel were its only competitors (Encore was the only upstart premium channel that managed to gain any headway with those services; other premium channels that debuted prior to Encore's launch, such as Spotlight and Home Theater Network, were unable to compete with those four channels and would eventually shut down during the prior decade).
Initially, Encore focused on movies released primarily during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, with some releases from the 1950s mixed in; the channel was formatted similarly to American Movie Classics at the time, with hosted introductions leading into the movie presentations. Breaks between films on Encore during its early years were quite lively, consisting less of promotions and more of trivia and nostalgia, fitting in with Encore's motto "The Movies of Your Life." The channel even ran an interstitial during breaks within its daytime schedule that informed viewers about programs that were scheduled to air on competing premium channels that evening in prime time. The channel had initially broadcast films from Warner Bros. Pictures (owned by Time Warner, which ironically is the parent company of rival pay services HBO and Cinemax), Columbia Pictures/TriStar Pictures, Orion Pictures, 20th Century Fox, The Samuel Goldwyn Company, Paramount Pictures (which also ironically came under ownership of Showtime and The Movie Channel's then-parent company Viacom in 1994), Turner Entertainment, and MGM/United Artists. The channel was formatted as a "mini-pay" service, available to subscribers for a $1 monthly fee.
TCI initially offered Encore as a negative option, in which customers were required to notify TCI if they declined to subscribe to the channel full-time after an introductory offer, or TCI would automatically add on a $1 charge to their monthly bill, which would have then increased to $4.95 per month by May 1992. The negative option fee led to lawsuits filed against TCI by ten states, eventually causing the company to back away from utilizing the billing method for the channel. Many other cable providers were reluctant to offer Encore in its early years due to concerns that it would cannibalize subscriptions of other premium services. However, Sie positioned the channel as such that would bolster the growth of what had been a lagging pay television industry, as premium channels had been seeing a steady decline in subscribers overall since the late 1980s.
Around the time of its launch, there was some debate as to whether Viacom or TCI originally conceived the idea for Encore; Viacom executives insisted that TCI lifted part of the idea from Viacom-owned Showtime Networks (which would launch a similarly formatted mini-pay service, Flix, in August 1992). In a 1991 interview with Multichannel News, John Sie said that TCI brought up the Encore network concept as a way to revitalize Showtime, either by launching a new tertiary pay service from scratch, or overhauling the format of Showtime sister network The Movie Channel. Incidentally, TCI made a failed bid to acquire a 50% ownership stake in Showtime in 1989. Encore had increased its subscriber base to an estimated 7 million subscribers nationwide by 1996.
On January 1, 1997, Encore launched a new pay service called MoviePlex (originally named "Encore Plex" for its first few months on the air) which replaced a Liberty Media-owned network called INTRO Television, that ran blocks of programming from other cable channels. Until it adopted a separate film schedule on August 1, 2011, MoviePlex originally carried programming blocks from Encore's multiplex channels (which differed from that day's actual schedules for each channel to exclude R-rated movies) on a rotating day-to-day schedule. On June 2, 1997, TCI announced a deal in which it would transfer majority ownership of its Encore Media Group subsidiary to sister company Liberty Media, due in part to the significant profit losses incurred by Starz following that channel's launch – TCI retained a minority 20% ownership interest until its 1999 merger with AT&T Corporation, when Liberty Media assumed full ownership of the Encore Media Group. By May 1998, Encore had a subscriber base of 11.4 million homes with cable or satellite television.
Format change with addition of recent movies
As the channel aged, it adopted a more conventional presentation style: first in 1998, Encore began to carry two exclusive first-run feature film broadcasts each month, then Encore shifted its focus to hit movies as part of a major rebrand of the channel on May 24, 1999, primarily incorporating recent films, but with notable classics mixed in as well. By this point, Encore advertised itself as guaranteeing to air "a great movie every night", even setting up a special 1-800 number in which a $2.50 refund would be given to unsatisfied subscribers.
Encore eventually began to be sold as a hybrid service, offered as either a premium channel or a digital basic network depending on the provider, retaining the uncut and commercial-free nature of its programming. Through this change in distribution, the channel was eventually available in 25 million homes nationwide by September 2005. On November 19, 2009, Liberty Media spun off Starz and Encore into a separate public tracking stock called Liberty Starz. On August 8, 2012, Liberty Media announced that it would spin off Liberty Starz into its own separate, publicly traded company. The spin-off of the subsidiary was completed on January 11, 2013, with Liberty Starz changing its name to Starz Inc. as a result.
On April 5, 2016, Encore and its seven multiplex channels were rebranded as Starz Encore, unifying the network under the brand umbrella of the channel that Encore ironically spun off in September 1994. With the rebranding, Starz Encore also began to carry reruns of Starz original comedy and drama series within its schedule.
On June 30, 2016, Lionsgate agreed to acquire Starz Inc. for $4.4 billion in cash and stock; the acquisition was completed five months later on December 8.
List of channels
Depending on the service provider, Encore provides up to eighteen multiplex channels – nine 24-hour multiplex channels, eight of which are simulcast in both standard definition and high definition – as well as a subscription video-on-demand service (Encore On Demand).
Encore broadcasts its primary and multiplex channels on both Eastern and Pacific Time Zone schedules. The respective coastal feeds of each channel are usually packaged together (though most cable providers only offer the east and west coast feeds of the main Encore channel), resulting in the difference in local airtimes for a particular movie or program between two geographic locations being three hours at most.
|Channel||Description and programming|
|Starz Encore||The main "flagship" feed; Starz Encore features movies from the 1970s to the present day including blockbuster movies, first-run films and some anime films.|
|Starz Encore Action||Starz Encore Action focuses on action movies, martial arts films and horror movies; it also previously carried anime feature films (most with more intense violent content than those currently seen on Encore Family) until 2008. Starz Encore Action was originally called simply Action from 1994 to 2005.|
|Starz Encore Black||Starz Encore Black features movies, and off-network comedy and drama television series aimed at African American audiences; due to its carriage of the latter, it is one of only four Starz Encore channels that currently airs series programming (consisting of sitcoms that air during primetime hours). The channel originally launched on September 12, 1994 as True Stories & Drama, focusing on movies based on historical events, biographical pictures and other dramatic films; in 1997, its name was shortened to True Stories, before rebranding as Encore Drama on March 25, 2005. Encore Drama was relaunched under its current name and format on December 2, 2013.|
|Starz Encore Classic||Starz Encore Classic features a broad mix of classic movies along with some off-network television series from the 1970s to the 1990s; due to its carriage of the latter, it is one of only four Encore channels that currently airs series programming (consisting of sitcoms and drama series that air during the morning and primetime hours). The channel originally launched on July 1, 1994 as Love Stories, and focused on romantic comedy and drama films; it was renamed Encore Love on March 25, 2005. Encore Love was reformatted under its current name and format on December 2, 2013.|
|Starz Encore Español||Starz Encore Español focuses on imported and domestic Spanish language feature films. When the channel launched on August 1, 2011, it originated as a Spanish language simulcast of the main Encore channel, before adopting its own separate schedule on December 1, 2013.|
|Starz Encore Family||Starz Encore Family features live action, animated and anime films targeted at family audiences. Films broadcast on the channel are primarily rated G or PG (or the equivalent TV-G and TV-PG), although Encore Family does run select films with a rating of PG-13 or TV-14. Prior to its original launch on September 12, 1994, the channel had the working title Tweens, before its name was changed to WAM! America's Youth Network (later called WAM! America's Kidz Network from 1997 to 2005, and then Encore Wam from 2005 to 2011) prior to its launch; the "WAM!" name was chosen through a naming contest, serving as an acronym for "What Adults are Missing". As WAM!/Encore Wam until 2008, the channel also ran imported series aimed at children and teenagers during the daytime hours. The channel was discontinued as of December 10, 2019.|
|Starz Encore Suspense||Starz Encore Suspense features mystery and suspense films as well as detective movies and series, film noir and neo noir. It is one of only four Encore channels that currently airs series programming (consisting of mystery series that air during the late evening hours). The channel, which has maintained the same format since its launch, was originally called Mystery from 1994 to 2005 and was later renamed Encore Mystery from 2005 to 2011.|
|Starz Encore Westerns||Starz Encore Westerns features a mix of classic and contemporary western movies, as well as reruns of popular western series from the 1950s to the 1970s. It is one of only four Encore channels that currently airs series programming (consisting of classic western series thar air during the morning and late afternoon hours). The channel was originally called Westerns from 1994 to 2005.|
On February 1, 1994, Encore launched the pay television industry's first "themed" multiplex – seven additional channels that each focused on a specific genre. This was initially going to be composed of six channels, but Encore decided to launch its own competitor to HBO and Showtime, called Starz!, after a May 1993 deal in which it acquired the pay television rights to run Universal Studios films released after that year. Starz was the first of the multiplex channels to launch, debuting on February 1, 1994. Three additional multiplex channels launched five months later on July 1: Love Stories, Mystery, and Westerns; these were followed on September 12 by the launch of the final three channels: True Stories & Drama (later shortened to True Stories), Action and WAM!: America's Youth Network (later known as WAM!: America's Kidz Network; it also went under the preliminary names Arcade and Tweens prior to the launch of the multiplex).
Encore initially utilized a numbering system for each multiplex channel: Love Stories was designated as "Encore 2", Westerns was "Encore 3", Mystery was "Encore 4", Action was "Encore 5", True Stories was "Encore 6", WAM! was "Encore 7" and Starz! was designated "Encore 8". Encore eventually abandoned the numbering system for most of its channels in 1996, instead using the tagline "an encore network" from then on until the early 2002; in contrast, Starz! continued to use the "Encore 8" branding in its main IDs and feature presentation bumpers until 2002, even though that service had been long since separated entirely from the Encore brand by that time, and was given its own slate of multiplex channels.
The entire multiplex was rebranded to bring the individual channels back in line with the overall Encore brand on March 28, 2005, due to focus tests that revealed that viewers did not know the themed channels were directly related to the service's main channel. All of the multiplex channels had the "Encore" brand incorporated into the names of each channel, though three of the Encore multiplex channels underwent more extensive name changes: True Stories rebranded as Encore Drama, Love Stories became Encore Love and WAM!: America's Kidz Network became simply Encore Wam. Additional changes to the Encore multiplex came on August 1, 2011, with the launch of a Spanish-language simulcast of Encore's primary channel called Encore Español, and the respective rebrands and refocusings of Encore Mystery and the teen-targeted Encore Wam into Encore Suspense and Encore Family (the latter channel adopting a format similar to that of sister service Starz Kids & Family); Encore Westerns and Encore Action became the only Encore multiplex channels to retain the naming schemes that were in use since the multiplex's original 1994 launch (prior to the incorporation of the "Encore" name in the branding of the multiplex channels).
Three of the Encore channels (two of them being among the channel's six original multiplex services) underwent changes in their programming formats on December 2, 2013 as part of an extensive rebranding of the Encore multiplex. Encore Drama relaunched as Encore Black (adopting the same target audience demographic – African Americans – as sister channel Starz's multiplex service Starz InBlack) and Encore Love was reformatted as Encore Classic (focusing primarily on classic feature films); both channels began incorporating reruns of network television series from the 1970s to the 1990s as part of specialized program blocks alongside feature films from that period. In addition, Encore Español, which originally sought carriage alongside the other multiplex channels, began to be made available as part of the Spanish-language channel tiers offered by most cable and satellite providers and adopted an independent schedule of Spanish-language feature films.
The multiplex has been given several collective brand names over the years, including the "Encore Multiplex", "Encore Movie Networks", "Starz Encore Super Pak" and "Starz Super Pak". As of 2014, the multiplex currently has no "official" marketed name, and viewers are simply told they are watching "one of the seven Encore channels"; though some providers collectively brand the channels as the "Encore Movie Pak", while Dish Network uses the "Starz Moviepack" as an unofficial name for the entire collection of Starz and Encore channels and select other providers (such as DirecTV) continue to brand the channels as the "Starz Super Pak".
Starz Encore HD
Starz Encore HD is a high definition simulcast feed of Starz Encore that broadcasts in the 1080i resolution format. The main Encore channel originally launched its HD simulcast feed on March 22, 2003; it was shut down after the channel's March 2005 rebrand. The current incarnation of the HD simulcast feed was launched in July 2008. The main Encore HD simulcast is currently carried nationally by all major cable and satellite providers. Encore Action and Encore Drama (now Starz Encore Black) began broadcasting in high definition on August 1, 2011, while Encore Classic and Encore Suspense began their own HD simulcasts on December 2, 2013. It is currently unknown if or when Encore Westerns, Encore Family, and Encore Español will become available in high definition.
Starz Encore On Demand
Starz Encore operates a subscription video-on-demand television service called Starz Encore On Demand, which is available at no additional charge to new and existing Starz Encore subscribers. Encore On Demand offers program content available in standard or high definition, consisting of theatrically released feature films and original programs, to most cable and satellite providers. The service's rotating program selection incorporates select new titles that are added each Friday, alongside existing program titles held over from the previous one to two weeks.
Encore Play was a website and mobile app that featured original programming and feature film content from Encore available for streaming in standard or high definition. It was available to Encore subscribers of Verizon FIOS, AT&T U-verse, Cox Communications, Xfinity by Comcast and DirecTV until it was merged with Starz.com on April 5, 2016.
The Encore Play iPad, iPhone and iPod Touch app was first released on October 8, 2012, followed by the release of the app for Android devices on May 7, 2013; an app for the Xbox 360 was released on December 3, 2013 (available for no extra charge to Xbox Live Gold members) and on the Xbox One on August 5, 2014. The Encore Play service, as well as Movieplex's TVEverywhere service Movieplex Play were merged into Starz's streaming app and website on April 5, 2016.
From winter of 2015 to April 5, 2016, Encore's east coast linear feed along with much of its movie and TV series catalog had been offered as part of Starz's add-on subscription service, through Amazon Prime The cost was $8.99 per month (after a seven-day free trial) for Amazon Prime subscribers to access the Starz/Encore catalog and live feeds.
As of August 2013, Encore – through Starz – maintains exclusive first-run film licensing agreements with Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures (since 1994; including content from subsidiaries Walt Disney Pictures, Pixar Animation Studios, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Marvel Studios, Disneynature, and Touchstone Pictures since 1997), Sony Pictures Entertainment (since January 2005; including content from subsidiaries Columbia Pictures, Sony Pictures Classics, Screen Gems, Destination Films, Triumph Films and TriStar Pictures), Anchor Bay Entertainment, and Warren Miller Films (since 1997).
The first-run film output agreement with Walt Disney Pictures expired in December 2015, with the Netflix streaming service assuming the pay television rights since January 2016 (excluding films released by Touchstone Pictures, which were retained by Starz through a separate contract). The first-run film output agreement with Sony was renewed for nine years on February 11, 2013; the Warren Miller output deal was renewed for ten years on October 19, 2009.
Encore also shows sub-runs – runs of films that have already received broadcast or syndicated television airings – of theatrical films from Warner Bros. Entertainment (including content from subsidiaries New Line Cinema, Turner Entertainment (both for films released prior to 2005), and Castle Rock Entertainment), Universal Studios (including content from subsidiaries Universal Animation Studios and Focus Features, all for films released prior to 2003), Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (including content from subsidiaries United Artists, Orion Pictures, and The Samuel Goldwyn Company), Miramax Films (for films released prior to 2009), 20th Century Fox, Paramount Pictures, DreamWorks Studios, Hollywood Pictures, Revolution Studios, Overture Films, Yari Film Group and the current network sister company Lions Gate Entertainment (since 2012).
In January 1997, Encore secured a licensing agreement with Paramount Pictures, broadcasting over 300 titles; Paramount's first contract with Encore expired in December 2005. In March 2013, Encore reassumed sub-run rights to Paramount Pictures' feature film releases. The first film broadcast through this deal was Primal Fear. Additional Paramount Pictures releases were broadcast the following month on Encore, such as Racing with the Moon, She's Having a Baby and Black Rain. In April 2013, Encore acquired sub-run rights to feature films from DreamWorks Studios. The first film broadcast through this deal was In Dreams.
Encore generally airs older films released between the 1960s to the 1990s, with some newer movie titles (usually broadcast between six and nine months after their premiere on Starz) interspersed throughout the day (mostly on Sunday nights, as of the summer of 2014). The newly released films (previous aired on Starz) premiered on Sunday nights.
Former first-run contracts
During the 1990s, Encore (through Starz) had exclusive first-run movie rights with Universal Studios, Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, Miramax, New Line Cinema and Carolco Pictures. Between 1995 and 2005, Encore broadcast films from Turner Pictures and New Line Cinema. Encore's contract with Universal Studios expired in late 2002; HBO and Starz shared half of Universal's films in 2003 before the former assumed pay television rights the following year.
Encore aired its first ever slate of original programming in 2011: the miniseries Moby Dick and The Take, and the biographical documentary Method to the Madness of Jerry Lewis. The following year, Encore broadcast Thorne in June 2012.
The Big Miniseries Showcase (originally airing on weeknights, and later seen only on Sunday mornings) is a former weekly programming block that showcased a mix of classic and recent critically acclaimed miniseries. As part of this block, Encore broadcast original miniseries such as The Crimson Petal and the White, Titanic: Blood and Steel, Moby Dick, Thorne (both of which were already broadcast previously) and Hindenburg: The Last Flight. In addition to showcasing original miniseries, Encore has also aired older miniseries previously seen on network television such as The Thorn Birds, North and South, Shogun, Jason and the Argonauts and Gulliver's Travels. The block was discontinued on December 29, 2013.
Despite being a premium service, Encore has incorporated acquired programming on several of its multiplex channels. Originally, these were limited to Encore Westerns and Encore Family (as WAM!/Encore Wam), consisting of classic western series from the 1950s to the 1970s on the former, and imported series aimed at children and teenagers on the latter channel (after Encore Wam stopped carrying acquired programming in 2009, sister channel Starz Kids & Family later incorporated some series programming onto its schedule that are aimed at the same target audience as those that were carried by Wam).
Currently, Starz Encore Westerns carries the classic western series Bonanza, Gunsmoke and Have Gun – Will Travel. Just prior to its rebranding as Encore Suspense, Encore Mystery eventually added acquired mystery series to its schedule (such as The Alfred Hitchcock Hour). With the 2013 rebranding and refocusing of what had been Encore Drama and Encore Love as Encore Black and Encore Classic, both channels added series fitting their respective formats in weekdaily blocks. Encore Black currently carries the classic African American sitcoms What's Happening!!, Amen, Diff'rent Strokes and 227; while Encore Classic airs the classic sitcoms Murphy Brown and Night Court; and crime dramas Magnum, P.I. and The A-Team. Encore Black began airing The Jeffersons, Sanford and Son, and Good Times on December 1, 2015. Starz Encore Family airs classic animated children's shows such as Garfield and Friends and various ex-DIC Entertainment shows like Heathcliff, Inspector Gadget, Liberty's Kids, and Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog.
Throughout the network's history, Encore's logo has included a starburst mark. In the original logo used from 1991 to 1994, the starburst appeared within the "O" in the channel's name, which was rendered in uppercase and similar in design to sister network Starz's 2008 logo design – the mark was then revamped into a box design in 1994. The logo was simplified for the 1999 rebrand, removing the box design and turning the starburst into a line artwork above the "encore" logotype; the basic design was carried over in the 2005 revamp. On December 1, 2013, Encore introduced a new text-only logo, dropping the starburst mark included in its branding since its launch. In accordance with the rebrand, feature presentation bumpers were dropped across the Encore channels, with programs prefaced only by a graphic informing viewers of the program airing next.
- Hit Movies of the '60s, '70s, and '80s (1991–1994)
- The Movies of Your Life (1991–1999)
- The Greatest Movies of Yesterday and Today (1994–1999)
- A Great Movie Every Night, Guaranteed (1999–2004)
- The Place For Movies, 24 Hours a Day (2004–2010)
- Playing Favorites (2010–present, primary slogan since 2013)
- The New Encore (secondary slogan, 2013–2014)
- Encore: So Classic, It's Original (secondary slogan, 2014–present)
- "Liberty Media Spins-off Starz". Zacks Equity Research. Retrieved January 24, 2013 – via Yahoo! Finance.
- "Colorado Gov. Bill Owens Helps Starz Encore Group Dedicate New Headquarters In Meridian Office Park South of Denver". Starz MediaRoom. PR Newswire. July 2, 2002.
- Robert Seidman (February 22, 2015). "List of how many homes each cable network is in as of February 2015". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it (Tribune Digital Ventures). Retrieved March 14, 2015.
- Jonathan Sherman-Presser (September 5, 2012). "Why Doesn't HBO Allow Non-Cable Subscribers To Subscribe To HBO Go א la Hulu?". Forbes. Forbes Inc.
- Chris Walsh (May 8, 2004). "John Sie, Starz Founder, Bids Adieu After Decade; Entrepreneur Retires as Network Faces Hurdles". Rocky Mountain News. E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Kim Mitchell (April 8, 1991). "Encore debuts in four TCI systems". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Kim Mitchell (February 25, 1991). "TCI offers encore; Sie to be at helm". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Bill Menezes (March 31, 1996). "Encore Channel Taking its Bows, Pay Channel Service Built its Success by Filling a Niche Avoided by Other Cable Firms". Rocky Mountain News. E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Cable TV Giant Faces Legal Static on Movie Channel Offer". Times Union. Hearst Corporation. June 4, 1991. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Maudlyne Ihejirika (June 16, 1991). "Cable TV firm's 'opt out' is out". Chicago Sun-Times. American Publishing Company. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Kim Mitchell (March 30, 1992). "Encore tries to face down industry's fears". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Kim Mitchell (April 8, 1991). "Showtime shopping new pay service; Showtime Networks Inc. considers starting a new broad-based, movie-driven network". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- John M. Higgins (March 11, 1991). "Viacom: Encore was partly our idea". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012 – via HighBeam Research.
- John M. Higgins (November 20, 1995). "Starz!, Encore snag pay nets at TCI". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Kevin M. Williams (February 16, 1997). "Plex channel arrives without warning". Chicago Sun-Times. American Publishing Company. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Richard Katz (June 27, 1994). "TCI sampler channel gets mixed reception". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Szalai, Georg. "Starz to Launch Spanish-Language Channel Encore Espanol". www.hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
- "Starz Entertainment Enhances ENCORE with ENCORE ESPANOL, More HD, and New Channels" (Press release). Starz Inc. PR Newswire. May 31, 2011.
- Kent Gibbons (June 2, 1997). "Liberty takes most of Starz! off TCI's hands". Multichannel News. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Rebecca Cantwell (May 15, 1998). "Subscribers Put Premium on Movies". Rocky Mountain News. E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Encore Channel Adds First-Run Movies to Its New Programming Lineup". PR Newswire. June 29, 1998. Retrieved February 24, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Sie's Latest Move: Encore To Become Full Premium Service". CableFAX. Access Intelligence, LLC. June 24, 1998. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "'The New Encore' Re-launches as a Full First-Run Premium Movie Channel; Over $2 Billion Invested to Back 'a Great Movie Every Night – GUARANTEED!'". PR Newswire. May 19, 1999. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- Jim Forkan (May 24, 1999). "Don't Like the Movie? Ask for Money Back". Multichannel News. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Deborah D. McAdams (May 24, 1999). "Encore makes a new pitch". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Encore Celebrates 25 Million Subscriber Milestone". PR Newswire. September 20, 2005. Retrieved February 25, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Liberty Media Completes Split-Off and Merger with The DIRECTV Group, Inc". PR Newswire. November 20, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Liberty Media Completes Split-Off and Merger with The DIRECTV Group, Inc". Liberty Media. PR Newswire. November 19, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "Liberty Media to Spin-off Starz Network". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Reuters. August 8, 2012.
- "Liberty Media Corporation and Starz Announce Completion of Spin-Off". Liberty Media. Business Wire. January 11, 2013.
- Maglio, Tony (March 28, 2016). "Starz Brings Encore Under Umbrella, Unveils Rebrand". The Wrap. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- Andreeva, Nellie (March 28, 2016). "Starz Gets Rebrand; Encore Channels To Add Starz Moniker, Series Reruns". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- Lieberman, David (June 30, 2016). "Lionsgate Agrees To Buy Starz For $4.4 Billion In Cash And Stock". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- Vlessing, Etan (December 8, 2016). "Lionsgate Completes $4.4B Acquisition of Starz". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- Littleton, Cynthia (November 11, 2013). "Starz Shuffles Encore Content Mix to Draw More Black, Hispanic Viewers". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
- "August 2011 Encore Family Schedule" (PDF). Starz. August 2011.
- "Encore renames its kid's channel". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. June 27, 1994. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Encore Media Launches 'WAM! America's Youth Network'; New Commercial-Free Cable and Satellite TV Channel Offered to Schools". U.S. Newswire. September 14, 1994. Retrieved February 25, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- Mitchell, Kim; Higgins, John (May 31, 1993). "'Mood' TV is Encore times six". Multichannel News. Fairchild Publications. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Encore Media Corp. signed a deal with Universal film studios that will allow Encore to launch its own movie service as its seventh multiplexed channel". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. May 31, 1993. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Encore to spin off channels early". Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. December 6, 1993. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "ENCORE CELEBRATES THE EXPANSION OF SIX MULTIPLEX CHANNELS BY HONORING FILM GREATS". PR Newswire. June 29, 1994 – via The Free Library.
- Mike Reynolds (March 28, 2005). "Logos Herald new Starz alignment". Multichannel News. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- John Dempsey (March 29, 2005). "Starz heats up brand iron". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2011 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Starz Encore Group Announces March 22 Launch of Encore HD". PR Newswire. March 9, 2004. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- "Starz Announces Plans for July Encore HD Launch". PR Newswire. July 13, 2008. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- "Verizon FiOS Launches STARZ PLAY And ENCORE PLAY Authenticated Online Services". PR Newswire. February 25, 2013.
- Heater, Brian (December 18, 2012). "AT&T U-verse gets Starz Play, Encore Play and Movieplex Play access". Engadget. AOL.
- Richard Lawler (October 9, 2012). "New Starz Play website and apps stream only to Cox customers, but you might not need them". Engadget. AOL.
- Baumgartner, Jeff (May 19, 2014). "Comcast Opens Up To Starz Play". Multichannel News. NewBay Media. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- Crum, Chris (December 21, 2012). "DirecTV Gets Starz Play And Encore Play". WebProNews.
- Georg Szalai (October 8, 2012). "Starz Launches Online Viewing Options for Subscribers in Deal With Cox". The Hollywood Reporter. Guggenheim Digital Media.
- Santos, Alexis (May 7, 2013). "Starz, Encore and Movieplex Play apps arrive on Android". Engadget. AOL.
- Todd Spangler (December 3, 2013). "Starz Hops Aboard Microsoft's Xbox". The Hollywood Reporter. Guggenheim Digital Media. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- Baumgartner, Jeff (August 5, 2014). "Starz Plays On The Xbox One". Multichannel News. NewBay Media. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- "Amazon.com: Amazon Video: Amazon Video".
- Jessica Shambora (March 22, 2010). "Starz goes from second-tier movie channel to Hollywood power broker". Fortune. Time Inc. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- Kim Mitchell (October 4, 1993). "Encore snares Disney films from Showtime". Multichannel News. Cahners Business Information. Archived from the original on May 15, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2014 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Showtime Extends Pact". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. March 16, 1989.
- Scott Hettrick (February 1, 2000). "Sony lifts off for Starz in 2005". The Hollywood Reporter. BPI. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014 – via HighBeam Research.
- John Dempsey (January 31, 2000). "Sony sees Starz!, signs output deal". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- "Starz Encore Hits the Slopes: Extends Exclusive Output Deal With Warren Miller Films" (Press release). PR Newswire. January 13, 2003 – via The Free Library.
- Michael Lietdke (December 4, 2012). "Netflix to stream newer Disney movies". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- Dori Zinn (December 4, 2012). "What the Netflix-Disney Deal Means for You". Yahoo! Finance – via Money Talks News.
- Maxwell R. (December 4, 2012). "Netflix scores exclusive rights to Disney movies". PhoneArena.
- Georg Szalai (February 11, 2013). "Starz, Sony Pictures Extend Film Output Deal". The Hollywood Reporter. Guggenheim Digital Media.
- "Starz Announces New Long-Term First-Run Premium Output Agreement With Sony Pictures Entertainment". Starz MediaRoom. PR Newswire. February 11, 2013.
- Jon Weisman (October 19, 2009). "Starz, Miller ink 10-year deal; 'Children of Winter' to bow in November". Variety. Reed Business Information.
- Mike Goodridge (June 7, 2000). "Roth lines up $3bn for Revolution Studios launch". ScreenDaily.
- Claudia Eller (July 23, 2010). "Overture Films ends three-year run, hands off marketing and distribution to Relativity Media". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing.
- John Dempsey (March 11, 2008). "Starz nabs TV rights to four Yari films". Variety. Reed Business Information.
- Bill Gorman (February 2, 2012). "Starz Entertainment Licenses More Than 500 Movies from Lionsgate". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on February 17, 2013. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- "Encore Media Corporation Acquires Over 300 Titles from Paramount Pictures". PR Newswire. January 14, 1997 – via The Free Library.
- "Starz: Primal Fear". Starz. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Starz: Racing With The Moon". Starz. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Starz: She's Having A Baby". Starz. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Starz: Black Rain". Starz. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Starz: In Dreams". Starz. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Starz!, New Premium Channel, Launches Tonight with Unprecedented Support from Major Hollywood Studios" (Press release). PR Newswire. February 1, 1994. Retrieved February 24, 2011 – via The Free Library.
- "STARZ! signs new exclusive output agreement with Turner Pictures and extends current agreement with New Line Cinema and Fine Line until 2005". Business Wire. September 27, 1995 – via The Free Library.
- Mike Reynolds (February 5, 2001). "HBO bid bests Starz". Cable World. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013 – via HighBeam Research.
- Brett Sporich; Nellie Andreeva (February 6, 2001). "HBO, Uni ink licensing deal". The Hollywood Reporter. BPI. Archived from the original on May 8, 2013 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Encore Dives Into Original Programming With Miniseries 'Moby Dick' And 'The Take'". Deadline.com. Mail.com Media. July 13, 2011.
- Robert Seidman (October 17, 2011). "Encore Original Miniseries 'The Take' Debuts Friday, December 2". TV by the Numbers.
- Nellie Andreeva (March 16, 2011). "Encore To Do Documentary On Jerry Lewis". Deadline.com. Mail.com Media.
- "'Thorne' Premiere: Encore Miniseries With David Morrissey Exclusive Preview (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. The Huffington Post Media Group. June 8, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- "The Big Miniseries Showcase Only On ENCORE". Starz. Archived from the original on January 20, 2013.
- "Encore Presents "The Big Miniseries Showcase" This Fall With the U.S. Television Premiere of "The Crimson Petal and the White"" (Press release). Starz Inc. June 27, 2012 – via The Futon Critic.
- Amanda Kondolojy (August 28, 2012). "Encore Premieres 'Titanic: Blood and Steel' on Monday, October 8 at 8PM". TV by the Numbers.
- Lesley Goldberg (January 5, 2013). "Encore to Air 'Hindenburg' Miniseries Starring Stacy Keach". The Hollywood Reporter. Guggenheim Digital Media.
- Amanda Kondolojy (November 19, 2012). "Encore's 'The Big Miniseries Showcase' Presents 'The Thorn Birds' on Monday December 10 at 8PM". TV by the Numbers.
- Amanda Kondolojy (January 17, 2013). "Encore's 'The Big Miniseries Showcase' Presents 'Sally Hemings: An American Scandal' On February 3rd and 'North and South' on February 4th". TV by the Numbers.
- Sara Bibel (September 6, 2012). "ENCORE Premieres 'Shogun' on Monday September. 17 & 'The Pillars of the Earth' on Monday September 24". TV by the Numbers.
- Sara Bibel (September 20, 2012). "Encore's 'The Big Miniseries Showcase' Presents Jason and the Agronauts' & 'Gulliver's Travels'". TV by the Numbers.
- "ENCORE Schedule • December, 2013 (page 5)" (PDF). Starz. December 2013.
- R. Thomas Umstead (November 11, 2013). "Starz Re-Brands Encore Channels". Multichannel News. NewBay Media.
- Sanford and Son, The Jeffersons & Good Times Coming to Encore Black Sitcoms Online, October 20, 2015
- Encore Movie Channel Commercial (1998) on YouTube
- "The New" Encore Junction – 1999 on YouTube
- Encore Movie Channel Movie Favorites Commercial on YouTube