Stara Pazova

Stara Pazova (Serbian Cyrillic: Стара Пазова, pronounced [stâːraː pâzɔv̞a]) is a town and municipality located in the Srem District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a population of 18,602, while Stara Pazova municipality has 65,792 inhabitants.

Stara Pazova

Стара Пазова
Panorama of Stara Pazova town

Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Stara Pazova within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°59′N 20°10′E
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
DistrictSrem
Settlements9
Government
  MayorĐorđe Radinović (SNS)
Area
  Town64.73 km2 (24.99 sq mi)
  Municipality344.49 km2 (133.01 sq mi)
Elevation
82 m (269 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
  Town
18,602
  Town density290/km2 (740/sq mi)
  Municipality
65,792
  Municipality density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
22300
Area code+381(0)22
Car platesST

Name

In Serbian, the town is known as Stara Pazova (Стара Пазова), formerly also Pazova (Пазова); in Slovak as Stará Pazova; in German as Alt-Pasua, Alt-Pazua or Pazua; and in Hungarian as Ópazova.

History

During the Ottoman administration (16th-18th century), Pazova was populated by ethnic Serbs and was part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Syrmia. In 1718, the town became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the 18th century (after 1760) Lutheran Slovaks settled in Pazova, and in 1791 Germans arrived here as well. Germans lived in separate settlement known as Nova Pazova ("New Pazova"), thus the old settlement was named Stara Pazova ("Old Pazova"). Until the second half of the 20th century, Slovaks were largest ethnic group in the town of Stara Pazova, while largest ethnic group in the surrounding municipality were Serbs.

For most part of the Habsburg rule, Stara Pazova was part of the Habsburg Military Frontier (abolished in 1882), while in 1848-1849 was part of Serbian Vojvodina. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Stara Pazova was a district center in the Syrmia County (part of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Kingdom of Hungary and Austria-Hungary). According to the 1910 census, population of the Stara Pazova municipality numbered 46,430 inhabitants, of whom 24,262 spoke Serbian, 9,348 German, 5,779 Slovak, and 5,670 Croatian. The town itself had Slovak majority in 1910.

After 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states. According to the 1971 census, 56% of population of the town of Stara Pazova were Slovaks. Today, the largest ethnic group in both town and municipality, are Serbs.

Inhabited places

Stara Pazova municipality includes the town of Stara Pazova and the following settlements:

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194830,547    
195333,352+1.77%
196141,036+2.63%
197143,447+0.57%
198152,566+1.92%
199157,291+0.86%
200267,576+1.51%
201165,792−0.30%
Source: [3]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Stara Pazova has a population of 65,792 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority. The ethnic composition of the municipality:[4]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs54,516
Slovaks5,212
Croats1,336
Romani1,193
Yugoslavs206
Montenegrins122
Macedonians179
Hungarians131
Muslims83
Russians52
Ukrainians47
Slovenians27
Germans27
Gorani21
Bosniaks17
Bulgarians12
Others2,611
Total65,792

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017):[5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing285
Mining10
Processing industry7,038
Distribution of power, gas and water91
Distribution of water and water waste management269
Construction820
Wholesale and retail, repair4,901
Traffic, storage and communication2,165
Hotels and restaurants580
Media and telecommunications145
Finance and insurance141
Property stock and charter61
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities493
Administrative and other services585
Administration and social assurance550
Education781
Healthcare and social work826
Art, leisure and recreation127
Other services303
Total20,172

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Stara Pazova is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  4. "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  5. "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  • Dr. Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 1, Novi Sad, 1990.
  • Borislav Jankulov, Pregled kolonizacije Vojvodine u XVIII i XIX veku, Novi Sad - Pančevo, 2003.
  • Dr. Branislav Bukurov, Bačka, Banat i Srem, Novi Sad, 1978.
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