Stanley House, Copenhagen

Stanley House (Danish: Stanleys Gård) is a Rococo mansion overlooking Christianshavn Canal in the Christianshavn neighbourhood of Copenhagen, Denmark. The house takes its name after its founder, Simon Carl Stanley, and was possibly built to his own design.

Stanley House
Stanleys Gård
The building seen from across the canal
General information
Architectural styleRococo
LocationCopenhagen, Denmark
CountryDenmark
Completed1756
ClientSimon Carl Stanley
OwnerAmagerbro Provsti
Design and construction
ArchitectUnknown

History

Early in his career, Simon Carl Stanley spent 20 years in England from where his father had emigrated to Denmark. His assignments included work on Compton Place. In 1746 he returned to Denmark where he became master sculptor at the Holmen naval base as well as a professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts.[1] His house at Christianshavn Canal was built in 175556, possibly to his own design.

After his father's death, Carl Frederik Stanley, who was also a sculptor and a professor at the Academy, lived in the building from 1770 to 1772 and again from 1779 to 1782.[2]

In the 19th century, the building was owned by Frederik Løwener, owner of an iron foundry, who rented it out to two of Denmark's leading painters of the time. Constantin Hansen lived on the first floor from 1847 until 1856 and P. C. Skovgaard lived in the building from 1851 until 1854 when he moved a little down the street to No. 2.[2]

When Christian's Church became a parish church within the Church of Denmark, it needed a venue for its activities in the community and Stanley House was acquired by the congregation on 25 April 1916. The building was renovated and inaugurated as a church centre by Bishop Ostenfeld on Store Bededag 1917.[3]

Due to the economic burden of running and maintaining the building, it was ceded to Amagerbro Provsti on 1 January 1994 and now serves both Church of Our Saviour and Christian's parish, the two parishes in Christianshavn.

Architecture

The building is designed in Rococo style. Originally, only the central portion of the building stood in full height while the two side wings were of only one storey high until they were extended in 1783. The building now consists of two storeys and a cellar under a mansard roof with black-glazed tiles.

The main facade is decorated with lesenes and has a Palladian window, a rare sight in Danish architecture and a sign of influence from England. The rest of the building relies on Danish traditions and shows influence from Nicolai Eigtved. Constantin Hansen completed interior decorations on doors and panels.

On the rear side of the building, it is connected to a low complex of old industrial buildings which fills the rest of the block bounded by Store Søndervoldstræde, Dronningegade and Lille Søndervoldstræde

Current use

Stanley House now serves as parish house (sognegård) for the Parish of Our Saviour. It contains a residence for the rector at Church of Our Saviour, offices and rooms which can be rented by members of the congregation in connection with funerals.[3]

References

  1. "Stanleys Gård, Overgaden oven Vandet 6" (in Danish). Selskabet for Københavns Historie. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
  2. "Store Søndervoldstræde 2 / Overgaden Oven Vandet 6a-b / Lille Søndervoldstræde 1-3". indenforvoldene.dk. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  3. "Sognegård og kirkekontor" (in Danish). Vor Frelsers Sogn. Retrieved 2010-01-04.

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