Standesamt Kolmar

Standesamt Kolmar was a civil registration district (Standesamt) located in Kreis Kolmar, province of Posen of the German Empire (18711918) and administered the communities of:

Community Polish name Type 1895 Pop Prot Cath Jew Civil Ofc Police Ofc Court Ofc Cath. Ch Prot. Ch Notes More
Kolmar Chodzież Town 3567 1849 1280 437 Kol (S) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Augustenau Augustynowo / Wymyslaw 232 175 57
Borken Mühl Borka
Buczkowo Village 199 152 47 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Chodschesen, Schloß Chodzieski Zamek Village 72 45 16 11 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Chodschesen, Stadtmühle Miejski Mlyn Estate 47 31 16 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Helmsgrün Estate 59 51 8 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Kamionke Kamionka Village 123 108 15 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Krumke Neuwerder Village 328 240 88 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Milsch Village 350 274 76 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Nikolskowo Estate 442 168 274 Kol (L) Usc Kol Usc Kol
Nikolskowo Village 264 58 206 Kol (L) Usc Kol Usc Kol
Ober Lesnitz Olesnica Estate 652 375 277 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Pietronke Pietronki Estate 333 170 163 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Pietronke Pietronki Village 30 20 10 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Rattai Rataje Village 274 186 88 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Rattai Rataje Estate 109 66 43 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Schütz Haus
Studsin Studzieniec Village 273 246 27 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol Kol
Wilsbach Village 82 23 59 Kol (L) Kol Kol Kol, Usc Kol
Unter Lesnitz Zamkowy Folwark / Babiadziura

Kol (S) = Kolmar (town); Kol (L) = Kolmar (rural area); Usc = Usch
Population data may be inaccurate (see German census of 1895).

The area around Kolmar was hilly and forested, sometimes called the "Switzerland of Posen". Three lakes surround the town. The Standesamt region also included the area north of the hills, encompassing the Netze river farming communities. This area probably contains the greatest elevation difference of the entire province, from about 200 meters above sea level to about 40 meters.

The area was a major crossroads for both vehicle and rail. The railroad from Posen to Schneidemühl passed through Kolmer north/south and a line branched off to the east along the river bluff and then dipped south to Margonin, then back east to Gollantsh and points east. Major roads followed the same routes, except the east road continued along the bluff to Samotschin, and it had a western route, towards Czarnikau.

Like many other Posen communities, weaving was a major cottage industry until tariffs and industrialization made it unprofitable. A substantial ceramics (especially majolica) factory operated northwest of Kolmar for many years.

Majolica artist Gerda Conitz was born in Studsin, 1901

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