St George's Hanover Square Church
St George's Hanover Square Church is an Anglican church in the City of Westminster, central London, built in the early eighteenth century. The land on which the church stands was donated by General William Steuart, who laid the first stone in 1721. The church was designed by John James and was constructed under a project to build fifty new churches around London (the Queen Anne Churches). The building is one small block south of Hanover Square, near Oxford Circus, in what is now the City of Westminster. Owing to its Mayfair location, it has frequently been the venue for high society weddings.
|St George's Hanover Square Church|
View from St George Street
|Location||City of Westminster, London|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Heritage designation||Grade I|
|Parish||St. George, Hanover Square with St. Mark|
|Rector||Rev. Roderick Leece|
|Organist/Director of music||Simon Williams|
A civil parish of St George Hanover Square, and an ecclesiastical parish, were created in 1724 from part of the ancient parish of St Martin in the Fields. The boundaries of the ecclesiastical parish were adjusted in 1830, 1835 and 1865 when other parishes were carved out of it. The ecclesiastical parish still exists today and forms part of the Deanery of Westminster St Margaret in the Diocese of London. The land for the church was donated by General Sir William Steuart.
The church was constructed in 1721–25, funded by the Commission for Building Fifty New Churches, and designed by John James, who had been one of the two surveyors to the commission since 1716. Its portico, supported by six Corinthian columns, projects across the pavement. There is a tower just behind the portico, rising from the roof above the west end of the nave.
The interior is divided into nave and aisles by piers, square up to the height of the galleries, then rising to the ceiling in the form of Corinthian columns. The nave has a barrel vault, and the aisles transverse barrel vaults.
St George's was opened in the new residential development of Hanover Square with no attached churchyard. Its first burial ground was sited besides its workhouse at Mount Street. When this filled up a larger burial ground was consecrated at Bayswater in 1765. They were closed for burials in 1854, when London's city churchyards were closed to protect public health. Burials at St George's included Mrs Ann Radcliffe (1764–1823), an influential female writer of the "Gothic Novel", the Revd. Laurence Sterne (1713-1768), abolitionist and author of Tristram Shandy, and Francis Nicholson, British military officer and colonial administrator.
The Mount Street ground was later cleared of monuments and turned into a small park. Some of the old tombstones were used for guttering and drainage, and may be seen today. During the First World War the Bayswater ground was covered with 4' of top soil and used for growing vegetables. In 1969 the burial ground was cleared to enable land to be sold off for redevelopment. A skull, part anatomised, was conjectured to be Sterne's and a partial skeleton separated from the other remains to be transferred to Coxwold churchyard by the Laurence Sterne Trust. 11,500 further remains were taken to West Norwood Cemetery and cremated, for burial there.
In popular culture
In the musical My Fair Lady, Alfred Doolittle (Stanley Holloway), having just been provided with an inheritance and having to move into "middle-class morality", invites his daughter Eliza Doolittle (Audrey Hepburn) to his wedding at this church. Following the invitation, he and his fellows sing "Get Me to the Church on Time".
The church is mentioned as the venue for the forthcoming marriage of Iris Henderson in The Lady Vanishes (1938 film).
In the Sherlock Holmes story The Adventure of the Noble Bachelor it is the setting of the wedding of the eponymous Lord St Simon and American Hatty Doran, whose disappearance sparks Holmes' investigation.
Handel was a regular worshipper at St George's, which is now one of the venues used by the annual London Handel Festival. St. George's has a full-time professional choir and a strong choral tradition and is a venue for classical music concerts. A Restoration Fund Appeal was launched on Trinity Sunday 2006 to raise a total of five million pounds, with a target of one and a half million pounds needed for the first phase of essential restoration work to the fabric of the church. A recent concert series in support of the Restoration Fund was supported by the William Smith International Performance Programme and featured solo piano performances by students from the Royal College of Music, including Ren Yuan, Ina Charuashvili, Meng Yan Pan and the London debut of Maria Nemtsova of Russia.
The church is one of the two main bases of the Orpheus Sinfonia, an orchestra of players recently graduated from music colleges.
From its early days, the church was a fashionable place for weddings, which have included those of:
- Robert Gunnell Esq. of James Street, Mayfair, gentleman, a principal clerk of the House of Commons, married the beautiful Anne Rozea, a French Huguenot, of Duke's Court, Royal Mews, on 11 August 1745. After the wedding, they had a reception in Marylebone at which the bride's brother Jassintour Rozea, well-known master chef to Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, provided a luncheon for fifty-five guests.
- Sir Francis Dashwood, founder of the second Hellfire Club, later Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Sarah, daughter of George Gould of Iver, Buckinghamshire, and widow of Sir Richard Ellis, Baronet, on 19 December 1745.
- Simon Peirce married Sarah Douce, a member of a family which had held the manor, in 1761
- Viscount Stopford and Mary Powys, 19 April 1762
- Henry Holland and Bridget Brown, a daughter of Capability Brown, on 11 February 1773.
- William Hodges and Martha Bowden Nesbit, on 11 May 1776.
- John Nash, architect, and Mary Ann Bradley on 17 December 1798.
- John Shaw (1776–1832), architect, and Elizabeth Hester Whitfield in 1799.
- Sackville Tufton, 9th Earl of Thanet, and Anne Charlotte de Bojanowitz, on 28 February 1811
- Joseph Wolff (1795–1862), German-born Christian convert, known as “the missionary to the world”, in 1827.
- Sir John Ogilvy, 9th Baronet, and Juliana Barbara, a daughter of Lord Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard, on 7 July 1831.
- Leopold Albu, of 4 Hamilton Place, Mayfair, the brother of Sir George Albu, to Adelaide Veronica Elizabeth Burton, daughter of Edgar Henry Burton, and granddaughter of Henry Marley Burton, on 19 August 1901.
- Theodore Roosevelt, future United States President, aged 28, and Edith Carow, aged 25, on 2 December 1886.
- Alfreda Ernestina Albertina Bowen, daughter of Sir George Ferguson Bowen and Diamantina, Contessa di Roma, and Robert Lydston Newman, in October 1899.
- Euphemia Dunsmuir, daughter of Robert Dunsmuir, and Somerset Gough-Calthorpe, February 27, 1900
- Henry Hall, band leader, and Margery Harker, a girl he had met on a train, January 1924.
High society weddings at St. George's Hanover Square fell in numbers in the late 20th century, a social change discreetly mentioned in the obituary of the Reverend W. M. Atkins, Rector of St George's from 1955 to 2000.
- Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
- "A new church". St George's Hanover Square. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- Bradley, Simon; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2003). London 6: Westminster. The Buildings of England. Yale University Press. p. 480.
- Downes, Kerry (1987). Hawksmoor. World of Art. London: Thames and Hudson. p. 104.
- Hansard 11 February 1964
- Is This the Skull of Laurence Sterne? The Times 5, 7 & 16 June 1969
- "Weddings". stgeorgeshanoversquare.org. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "Richards, Fowkes & Co. - Opus 18". richardsfowkes.com. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "London Handel Festival". Retrieved 19 March 2016.
- "Who's Who – Organisation", Orpheus Foundation, accessed 3 July 2013
- Albert Frederick Pollard, "Dashwood, Francis", in Dictionary of National Biography (London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1901) pp. 112–115
- STOPFORD, James, 2nd Earl of Courtown, History of Parliament online
- Dorothy Stroud, "Henry Holland His Life and Architecture", Country Life 1966, p. 36
- John Summerson, The Life and Work of John Nash Architect (George Allen & Unwin, 1980), p. 30
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- George Edward Cokayne, ed. The Complete Baronetage, vol 2. (Exeter: William Pollard, 1900), p. 317
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 66
- "Anglo-Colonial Notes", in the Evening Post (Wellington, New Zealand), dated 24 November 1899, p. 5
- Henry James Morgan, Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada (Williams Briggs, 1903), p. 42
- Henry Hall, Here's to the Next Time (London: Odhams Press, 1955), pp. 56–57; "Hall, Henry R, & Harker Margery" in Register of Marriages for St. George's Hanover Square Registration District, vol. 1a (1924), p. 648
- Prebendary Bill Atkins (obituary) at telegraph.co.uk