St. Lewis, Newfoundland and Labrador

St. Lewis is a small fishing community on the coast of Labrador in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. St. Lewis formerly known as Fox Harbour is the most easterly permanent community on the North American mainland. The community of St. Lewis enjoys a long and vibrant history as one of the earliest recorded places in all of Labrador by Europeans.[1] Settled in the early 18th century (by Europeans), the area’s sheltered location, proximity to good fishing grounds and seal migration routes made the settlement a desired location for both the European-based migratory fishery, and the native Inuit families who inhabited the south Labrador coast.

St. Lewis

Ilha de Frey Luis

Fox Harbour
Town
St. Lewis
Location of St. Lewis
St. Lewis
St. Lewis (Canada)
Coordinates: 52°22′07″N 55°40′57″W
CountryCanada
ProvinceNewfoundland and Labrador
Government
  TypeTown Council
  MayorAnnie Rumbolt
  MPYvonne Jones
Area
  Total9.25 km2 (3.57 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total194
Time zoneUTC−03:30 (NST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−02:30 (NDT)
Postal Code
A0K 4W0
Area code(s)709

Geography

The town lies neatly within a sheltered harbour at the mouth of St. Lewis Bay. Like most of the landscape along the east coast of Labrador, barren, rocky slopes scourged by the frigid Labrador Current extend throughout the St. Lewis Sound. The subarctic climate of the south Labrador coast generally offers a pleasant cool summer climate, which is soon replaced with a snow-covered, ice-chilled winter season. This harsh environment, with a few trifling exceptions, nourishes a hardy boreal ecosystem. Collective forests of black spruce, white spruce and balsam fir are confined to interior valleys and riverbanks where the geography affords mild protection against the elements. Yet, the bleak, rocky shore of the Labrador coastline strongly resembles an Arctic tundra biome.

St. Lewis embellishes its position as the easternmost permanent community on the North American mainland. The community’s physical location provides an excellent vantage point to view the southward procession of icebergs and floe-ice commencing every summer. St. Lewis is proudly recognized by Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism as located in the province's renowned "Iceberg Alley".

History

St. Lewis is one of the earliest recorded place names in Labrador, it was depicted on maps as early as 1502-1503 as Ilha de Frey Luis.

The Loder family from Harbour Grace had established a fish trading business and constructed premises in the community, now restored it houses exhibits relating the history of St. Lewis. The community has been a radar site since 1957 when the United States constructed Fox Harbour Air Station, a radar site as part of the Pinetree Radar System. A Loran C station was operated by the Canadian Coast Guard at St. Lewis. In January 2010 it was announced that the Loran C signal would be terminated. The broadcasting of the Loran C signal ceased in August 2010.

Culture

Demographics
  Population in 2011    332  
  Population change from 1996    -7.1%  
  Median age    30.7  
  Number of families    85  
  Number of married couples    60  
  Total number of dwellings    85  
  Catholic    3.4%  
  Protestant    98.3%  
  Land area (km2.)    9.25  

Statistics Canada[2]

See also

References

  1. Poole, C. J. 1996 “Catucto: Battle Harbour, Labrador, 1832-1833”. Breakwater Books.
  2. St. Lewis
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