St. George's, Newfoundland and Labrador
South Side, Little Bay
|Coordinates: 48°25′39″N 58°28′40″W|
|Time zone||UTC-3:30 (Newfoundland Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2:30 (Newfoundland Daylight)|
|Website||St. George's official website|
The community, originally known as South Side or Little Bay has its origins in the French fishery of the seventeenth century when the good natural harbour would attract fishermen to spend the summer in the area and return to France for the winter months. Permanently settled in the eighteenth century, the community remained a fishing village for nearly 200 years until the advent of the railroad.
Mi'kmaq villages in St. Georges Bay and Placentia existed in 1594.:11:220–21:80 :138 Jeannot Pequidalouet - the eastern Mi'kmaq chief of Cape Breton, who had previously overwintered in Newfoundland - began to create permanent settlements in St. George's Bay and Miawpukek in the 1760s. In May 1767 when James Cook was mapping Newfoundland coast, he met a tribe of Mi'kmaq in St. George's Bay.:12
In the seventeenth century the French fishermen spent the summer months in St. Georges harbour and returned to France for the winter. They began to overwinter in the eighteenth century and St. Georges continued to be a fishing village "for nearly 200 years until the advent of the railroad."
After the railroad
The railroad came to Western Newfoundland in 1898, and because of the work that the railway created, as well as access to many different types of goods, many people from outlying communities flocked to St. George's. The town quickly became a major centre in Western Newfoundland. The town became a distributor of goods to the surrounding area and the Port au Port Peninsula. Lumbering, fishing and farming were the primary occupations and lobster plants also opened there. A brewery/distillery also operated there for a short time at the turn of the century. The community also became the seat of the magistrate in the area and a courthouse was constructed.
Sandy Point, located 35 kilometres south of Stephenville, is an uninhabited 2,471-acre (1,000-hectare) island of natural wealth in St. Georges Bay.
St. George's was the most prominent community in the St. George's Bay area until 1941 when the Ernest Harmon Air Force Base was commissioned in Stephenville. After that, Stephenville became the primary market centre for the area.
Also important was the closure of the Newfoundland Railway in 1988 and the cod moratorium of 1990 which severely hurt the economy of St. George's.
- "Town History", Town of St. Georges, 2016, retrieved August 5, 2016
- Tulk, Jamie Esther (July 2008), "Our Strength is Ourselves: Identity, Status, and Cultural Revitalization among the Mi'kmaq in Newfoundland" (PDF), Memorial University via Collections Canada Theses, Newfoundland, retrieved August 5, 2008
- Hanrahan, Maura (2003), "The lasting breach: The omission of Aboriginal people from the Terms of Union between Newfoundland and Canada and its ongoing impacts. Collected research papers of the Royal Commission on renewing and strengthening our place in Canada." (PDF), Royal Commission on Renewing and Strengthening Our Place in Canada, St. John's, retrieved August 5, 2016
- Stone, Helen. 1993. Living in time immemorial: Concepts of "time" and "time immemorial": Why Aboriginal rights theory is problematic in the courts and around the negotiating table. Master's thesis, Carleton University.
- Wetzel, Jerry (1999). "The hidden Term of Union: Executive summary, confederation and federal abandonment of the Newfoundland Mi'kmaq". Newfoundland Quarterly. 92 (4): 23–28.
- Wetzel, Jerry (1995), Decolonizing Ktagmkuk Mi'kmaw history, LL.M Theses, Dalhousie University
- Miapukek First Nation: Indian Act: We Got In, We Could Get Out (PDF). AFOA National Conference. February 25–27, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
- Jeddore, Phil (2001), "Lnu'k Saqmawaq of Taqm Mi'kmaq chiefs of Newfoundland", Miawipukek Aknutmaqn: News and Information from Aosamiaji'jij Miawpukek Reserve, Conne River, Taqm (Newfoundland), retrieved August 5, 2016 March 10, 1996 to April 2001
- Whiteley, William H. (1975), James Cook in Newfoundland 1762-1767 (PDF), Newfoundland Historical Society Pamphlet, p. 36, retrieved August 6, 2016
- "Attractions", Town of St. Georges, 2016, retrieved August 5, 2016