Sri Lanka Railways M2
The Sri Lanka Railways Class M2 is a class of diesel-electric locomotive that was developed in the 1954 by General Motors Diesel, Canada, and Electro-Motive Division, USA. This is considered one of the most successful locomotives in Sri Lanka.
|Sri Lanka Railways class M2|
M2 # 570 Alberta which hauled the last "Yal Devi" train to Kankasanthurei. After war began it was trapped there. Later decomposed and shipped to Colombo. Now in use.
|Colombo Plan Aid|
From 1954, several batches of General Motors-manufactured locomotives were imported to Sri Lanka under "The Colombo Plan". Locally called a "Canadian" engine – there are actually two classes of Canadian engine in SLR – the other one is Class M4. Since these engine were imported under grants from the Canadian government, class M2 locomotives are named with Canadian province and city names. The last two locomotives were made in the United States and imported for Cement Corporation, Sri Lanka. But they were later attached to Sri Lanka Railways locomotive fleet. They were named after two local cities – Galle and Kankasanthurei – where the cement factories were located.
Entering into Service
The class entered service in January 1955. "Ruhunu Kumari" Train started using M2 572 " British Columbia" 24 October 1955, the first long distance luxury passenger train service in Sri Lanka. same loco hauled the first "Udarata Manike" Colombo Badulla train on 23 April 1956 and same day started "Yal davi" hauled by M2 569 "ontario", in the far north of the country.
|Sub Class||Builder||Weight||Specifications||Axel Arrangement||Year||No.of Locomotives||No's|
|M2A||General Motors Diesel||79 tonnes||GM V12 G12-567c||A1A-A1A||1959||3||591, 592, 593|
|M2B||General Motors Diesel||79 tonnes||GM V12 G12-567c||A1A-A1A||1958||2||594, 595|
|M2C||General Motors Diesel||79 tonnes||GM V12 G12-567c||Bo-Bo||1961||2||626, 627|
|M2D||Electro-Motive Division||79 tonnes||GM V12 G12-567e||A1A-A1A||1966||2||628, 629|
This have been used on both passenger and freight trains on Sri Lanka's railways for over 50 years. Despite the introduction of more modern types of traction, as of 2013 a significant number are still in use.
|Class||Number||Name||Serial No.||Imported Year|
|M2b||594||Prince Edward Island||A1325||1958|
Accidents & Incidents
- Number 571 Saskatchewan was destroyed by a land mine in 1985.
- Number 570 Alberta hauled the last Yal Devi train to Kankasanthurei in June 1989. When the war began in the north it was trapped there, but in 1997 Alberta was dismantled and shipped south to Colombo where it was reassembled. Alberta was seriously damaged in an accident at Pothuhera, but has been repaired.
- Number 591 Manitoba was damaged on 26 December 2004 when pulling the Matara Express and was hit by the Indian Ocean tsunami. Now in use after restoration. This was repainted depicting a sea wave on its livery.
- Number 628 Kankasanthurai was badly damaged by a land mine, but was rebuilt