Spengler Cup

The Spengler Cup is an annual invitational ice hockey tournament held in Davos, Switzerland. First held in 1923, the Spengler Cup is often cited as the oldest invitational ice hockey tournament in the world. The event is hosted by the Swiss team HC Davos and played each year in Davos, Switzerland, from December 26 to 31 inclusively. Currently, all games are held at Vaillant Arena.

Spengler Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
2019 Spengler Cup
Spengler Cup logo
SportIce Hockey
Founded1923
FounderDr. Carl Spengler
Inaugural season1923
No. of teams6 (group stage)
CountriesSwitzerland (usually HC Davos), Canada, Russia, Germany, Czech Republic, Finland, various other European countries
Venue(s)Vaillant Arena (Davos, Switzerland)
Most recent
champion(s)
KalPa Kuopio (1st title)
Most titles HC Davos (15)
Team Canada (15)
QualificationInvitation only
TV partner(s)SUI: Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen
Europe: Eurosport 2
RUS: Match TV & NTv2
GER: Sport1
CAN: TSN & RDS
USA: NBCSN
CZE / SVK / HUN: Sport1
DEN: TV2
SLO: Šport TV
SRB / CRO / BIH / MNE / MKD: Arena Sport
Official websitewww.spenglercup.ch/en

It was originally devised by Dr. Carl Spengler as a means to promote teams from German-speaking Europe, who might have suffered ostracism in the aftermath of World War I. Eventually, the tournament grew well beyond expectations. Many of Europe's most prestigious clubs and national programs have appeared, including Soviet, Czechoslovak, Swedish, German, and Finnish powerhouses. Through its history, club or national teams from 12 different countries have won the tournament, with host team HC Davos and Team Canada winning the most cups (15) while Switzerland and Czechoslovakia are tied as nations whose various teams have won the most cups (19 each).

Among non-European organizations, Team Canada, Team USA, nationally-ranked U.S. collegiate teams, reigning AHL Calder Cup and Ontario Hockey Association champions, and even Team Japan (in 1971, building international experience before playing as hosts of the 1972 Sapporo Winter Olympics) have competed for the Spengler Cup. Since at least 1990, Team Canada has been the only participant from North America, with the exception of the AHL's Rochester Americans in 1996 and 2013.

In the 2018 tournament, Finnish club team KalPa from the city of Kuopio defeated Team Canada 2–1 in the final. The game was decided in the 8th round of a shootout, the first series of game-winning shots in tournament history that determined the winner of the Spengler Cup.

History

Many participating teams are club teams, rather than national teams, where a club team might have players from many nations on the roster. The first tournament was won in 1923 by the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club, composed of Canadians studying at the University of Oxford.[1]

The first 24 tournaments were dominated by host HC Davos (7 wins, 12 runners-up) and the Czechoslovak club team LTC Prague (7 wins, 2 runners-up). The LTC Prague team was shut down by the Czechoslovak communist authorities after players defected at the 1948 Spengler Cup tournament. Between 1965 and 1983, the tournament was dominated by various Czechoslovak and Soviet teams. Since joining the tournament in 1984, Team Canada has been the dominant participant, with 15 wins and 10 runners-up. Team Canada is made up of Canadians predominantly playing in Europe, as the tournament occurs during the NHL and AHL seasons, though active NHL stars Joe Thornton and Rick Nash were playing for HC Davos during the 2004 NHL lockout.

From its inception until 1978, the tournament was played on an outdoor rink. The outdoor rink still exists outside the indoor arena, and is one of the largest outdoor rinks in the world. Starting in 1978, all tournament games have been played indoors. In 1956, the championship trophy was given its classic and best-known look (pictured left), which stood until a new gold design was unveiled in 2010.

Sponsorship

The Spengler Cup is the second-largest sporting event in Switzerland, after tennis' Swiss Indoors in Basel. It had a budget of CHF 11 million in 2016. About 40% of the total tournament budget amount comes from corporate sponsors.[2] Since 1985, UBS has been the main sponsor and presenting partner of the Spengler Cup.[3] Other major sponsors are Würth, Schenker Storen, Škoda, Siemens and Calanda – each of whom, along with UBS, are the main tournament sponsor of one of the six teams each year.

Temporary reinforcements

A frequent point of contention among hockey observers discussing the Spengler Cup's relevance is the use of temporary reinforcements. Since the tournament is open to both clubs and national teams, a rule exists that allows club teams to hire up to four additional players (three skaters and one goaltender) for the duration of the competition. Prior to the 2010 edition, six reinforcement players (five skaters and a goaltender) were allowed per team.

In practice, not all participants choose to take advantage of the rule to the same extent, and it works mostly to the host team's benefit. HC Davos, for whom the event is a significant source of income, tends to upgrade its roster with experienced talent in order to guarantee a competitive performance and maintain high interest from the Swiss audience. Other teams don't have such incentives to reinforce their squad and will often be much less selective.

International broadcasts

The Spengler Cup is broadcast on Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen in Switzerland, on Eurosport 2 in most of Europe, on Match TV and NTv2 in Russia, on Sport1 in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, on Šport TV in Slovenia, on TSN and RDS in Canada and on the free-to-air channel FreeSports in the United Kingdom.

Spengler Cup winners

YearWinnerRunner-up
1923 Oxford University Berlin SC
1924 Berlin SC HC Davos
1925 Oxford University HC Davos
1926 Berlin SC HC Davos
1927 HC Davos Berlin SC
1928 Berlin SC Cambridge University
1929 LTC Prague HC Davos
1930 LTC Prague HC Davos
1931 Oxford University Berlin SC
1932 LTC Prague
Oxford University1
HC Davos (3rd place)
1933 HC Davos Paris Rapides
1934 Diavoli Rossoneri Milano Oxford University
1935 Diavoli Rossoneri Milano HC Davos
1936 HC Davos LTC Prague
1937 LTC Prague HC Davos
1938 HC Davos LTC Prague
1939Tournament not held due to World War II
1940
1941 HC Davos Berlin SC
1942 HC Davos Zürcher SC
1943 HC Davos Zürcher SC
1944 Zürcher SC HC Davos
1945 Zürcher SC HC Davos
1946 LTC Prague HC Davos
1947 LTC Prague HC Davos
1948 LTC Prague HC Davos
1949Tournament not held
1950 Diavoli Rossoneri Milano AIK Solna
1951 HC Davos Preussen Krefeld
1952 EV Füssen Zürcher SC
1953 HC Milano Inter HC Davos
1954 HC Milano Inter EV Füssen
1955 Rudá Hvězda Brno HC Davos
1956Tournament not held for financial reasons[4]
1957 HC Davos Rudá Hvězda Brno
1958 HC Davos Diavoli Rossoneri Milano
1959 ACBB Paris EV Füssen
1960 ACBB Paris HC Davos
1961 ACBB Paris EV Füssen
1962 Sparta Prague EV Füssen
1963 Sparta Prague Klagenfurt AC
1964 EV Füssen Modo Hockey
1965 Dukla Jihlava VIK Västerås HK
1966 Dukla Jihlava CP Liège
1967 Lokomotiv Moscow Kingston Aces
1968 Dukla Jihlava Rögle BK
1969 Lokomotiv Moscow HC Davos
1970 SKA Leningrad Dukla Jihlava
1971 SKA Leningrad Dukla Jihlava
1972 HC Slovan Bratislava Torpedo Gorkiy
1973 HC Slovan Bratislava Traktor Chelyabinsk
1974 HC Slovan Bratislava Team Poland
1975 Czechoslovak Olympic Team Team Finland
1976 USSR B Czechoslovakia B
1977 SKA Leningrad Dukla Jihlava
1978 Dukla Jihlava AIK Solna
1979 Krylya Sovetov Moscow Düsseldorfer EG
1980 Spartak Moscow TJ Vítkovice
1981 Spartak Moscow HC Davos
1982 Dukla Jihlava Spartak Moscow
1983 Dynamo Moscow Dukla Jihlava
1984 Team Canada Dukla Jihlava
1985 Spartak Moscow Team Canada
1986 Team Canada Sokil Kiev
1987 Team Canada Krylya Sovetov Moscow
1988 USA Selects Team Canada
1989 Spartak Moscow Färjestad BK
1990 Spartak Moscow Team Canada
1991 / CSKA Moscow HC Lugano
1992 Team Canada Färjestad BK
1993 Färjestad BK HC Davos
1994 Färjestad BK HC Davos
1995 Team Canada Lada Togliatti
1996 Team Canada HC Davos
1997 Team Canada Färjestad BK
1998 Team Canada HC Davos
1999 Kölner Haie Metallurg Magnitogorsk
2000 HC Davos Team Canada
2001 HC Davos Team Canada
2002 Team Canada HC Davos
2003 Team Canada HC Davos
2004 HC Davos Sparta Prague
2005 Metallurg Magnitogorsk Team Canada
2006 HC Davos Team Canada
2007 Team Canada Salavat Yulaev Ufa
2008 Dynamo Moscow Team Canada
2009 Dinamo Minsk HC Davos
2010 SKA Saint Petersburg Team Canada
2011 HC Davos Dinamo Riga
2012 Team Canada HC Davos
2013 Genève-Servette HC CSKA Moscow
2014 Genève-Servette HC Salavat Yulaev Ufa
2015 Team Canada HC Lugano
2016 Team Canada HC Lugano
2017 Team Canada Team Switzerland
2018 KalPa Kuopio Team Canada
2019

Notes

1 Oxford University and LTC Prague play to a 0–0 score after overtime. Both teams are declared winners.[4]

Performances

By club

Performance in the Spengler Cup by club
Club Won Runner-up Years won Years runner-up
HC Davos 15 25 1927, 1933, 1936, 1938, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1951, 1957, 1958, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2011 1924, 1925, 1926, 1929, 1930, 1935, 1937, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1953, 1955, 1960, 1969, 1981, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2012
Team Canada 15 10 1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017 1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2018
LTC Prague 7 2 1929, 1930, 1932, 1937, 1946, 1947, 1948 1936, 1938
Dukla Jihlava 5 5 1965, 1966, 1968, 1978, 1982 1970, 1971, 1977, 1983, 1984
Spartak Moscow 5 1 1980, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1990 1982
Oxford University 4 1 1923, 1925, 1931, 1932 1934
SKA Leningrad /
SKA Saint Petersburg
4 0 1970, 1971, 1977, 2010
Berlin SC 3 4 1924, 1926, 1928 1923, 1927, 1931, 1941
Diavoli Rossoneri Milano 3 1 1934, 1935, 1950 1958
ACBB Paris 3 0 1959, 1960, 1961
HC Slovan Bratislava1 3 0 1972, 1973, 1974
EV Füssen 2 4 1952, 1964 1954, 1959, 1961, 1962
Zürcher SC 2 3 1944, 1945 1942, 1943, 1952
Färjestad BK 2 3 1993, 1994 1989, 1992, 1997
Sparta Prague 2 1 1962, 1963 2004
HC Milano Inter 2 0 1953, 1954
Lokomotiv Moscow 2 0 1967, 1969
Dynamo Moscow 2 0 1983, 2008
Genève-Servette HC 2 0 2013, 2014
Rudá Hvězda Brno 1 1 1955 1957
Krylya Sovetov Moscow 1 1 1979 1987
CSKA Moscow 1 1 1991 2013
Metallurg Magnitogorsk 1 1 2005 1999
Czechoslovak Olympic Team 1 0 1975
USSR B 1 0 1976
USA Selects 1 0 1988
Kölner Haie 1 0 1999
Dinamo Minsk 1 0 2009
KalPa Kuopio 1 0 2018
HC Lugano 0 3 1991, 2015, 2016
AIK Stockholm 0 2 1950, 1978
Salavat Yulaev Ufa 0 2 2007, 2014
Cambridge University 0 1 1928
Paris Rapides 0 1 1933
Preussen Krefeld 0 1 1951
Klagenfurt AC 0 1 1963
Modo Hockey 0 1 1964
VIK Västerås HK 0 1 1965
CP Liège 0 1 1966
Kingston Aces 0 1 1967
Rögle BK 0 1 1968
Torpedo Gorkiy 0 1 1972
Traktor Chelyabinsk 0 1 1973
Team Poland 0 1 1974
Team Finland 0 1 1975
Czechoslovakia B 0 1 1976
Düsseldorfer EG 0 1 1979
TJ Vítkovice 0 1 1980
Sokil Kiev2 0 1 1986
Lada Togliatti 0 1 1995
Dinamo Riga 0 1 2011
Team Switzerland 0 1 2017

Notes

1 Slovakia was a part of Czechoslovakia at the time, so HC Slovan Bratislava represented both Czechoslovakia and the Slovak Socialist Republic
2 Ukraine was a Soviet republic at the time, so Sokil Kiev represented both the Soviet Union and Soviet Ukraine

By nation

Performance by nation
Nation Winners Runners-up
  Switzerland 19 32
 Czechoslovakia1 19 10
 Canada2 15 11
 Soviet Union3 13 5
 Germany4 6 10
 Italy5 5 1
 Russia6 4 5
 United Kingdom 4 2
 France7 3 1
 Sweden 2 8
 Finland 1 1
 Belarus 1 0
 United States 1 0
 Austria 0 1
 Belgium 0 1
 Czech Republic 0 1
 Latvia 0 1
 Poland 0 1

Notes

1 Includes hockey clubs from the First Czechoslovak Republic, the Third Czechoslovak Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the last Czech and Slovak Federative Republic based in today's Czech Republic and Slovakia, and Czechoslovak national teams.
2 Includes the runner-up 1967 Kingston Aces of the Ontario Hockey Association.
3 Includes hockey clubs based in today's Russia and Ukraine, and Soviet national teams.
4 Includes hockey clubs from the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, Allied-occupied Germany, West Germany, and today's Bundesrepublik.
5 includes hockey clubs from the Kingdom of Italy and today's Italian Republic.
6 Includes CSKA Moscow's Cup win in 1991.
7 Includes hockey clubs from the French Third Republic, the Fourth Republic, and today's Fifth Republic.

References

  1. The Isis, 23 Jan. 1924, page 19. (Future Prime Minister of Canada Lester Pearson was a member of the Oxford University team in the spring of 1923; however, he returned to Canada in the summer of 1923 and therefore did not compete in the first Spengler Cup played at the end of December 1923 and early January 1924. See: Pearson, Lester B. Mike : The Memoirs of the Right Honourable Lester B. Pearson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972, page 50.)
  2. Ruch, Fabian (2015-12-23). "Ein Berner vermarktet den Spengler-Cup". Berner Zeitung, Berner Zeitung (in German). ISSN 1424-1021. Retrieved 2017-07-25.
  3. "Presenting and gold partner | Spengler Cup". www.spenglercup.ch. Retrieved 2017-07-25.
  4. SpenglerCup.ch
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.