Spanker (sail)

On a square rigged ship, the spanker is a gaff-rigged fore-and-aft sail set from and aft of the aftmost mast.[1][2][3]


  1. Wilson, Charles (1843). The art of sail-making. London: Dennett.
  2. Crothers, William L. (2014-07-09). The Masting of American Merchant Sail in the 1850s: An Illustrated Study. McFarland. ISBN 9780786493999.
  3. Wood, Max (2004). Sailing Tall: Around the World on the Square Rigged Passat (1946-1948). Seafarer Books. ISBN 9780954275020.
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