Spangenberg is a small town in northeastern Hesse, Germany.
Coat of arms
|Coordinates: 51°7′N 9°40′E|
|• Mayor||Peter Tigges (CDU)|
|• Total||97.7 km2 (37.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||200-530 m (−1,540 ft)|
|• Density||63/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
The town of Spangenberg had its first documentary mention in 1261, at about the time when the Treffurt family ruled Spangenberg.
The town is known best of all for Spangenberg Castle, built in 1253 and the town's landmark. Also worth seeing are the half-timbered buildings in the Old Town and the remains of the town's old wall, several of whose towers are still standing.
Coat of arms
Spangenberg's civic coat of arms is based on the town's oldest known seal from 1317. The object on the viewer's right (heraldically speaking, the left, as the shield is considered from the point of view of the bearer) side is a kind of fossilized plant locally known as a Spange (also German for "brooch" or "clip"), the town's namesake. The item on the viewer's left (heraldic right) is half of a wheel. Wheels are common in German civic heraldry, usually indicating some connection to the Archbishopric of Mainz, whose arms include wheels in honor of St. Willigis. The current colours – red and gold – have been in use since 1621.
In alphabetical order, these are Bergheim, Bischofferode, Elbersdorf, Herlefeld, Kaltenbach, Landefeld, Metzebach, Mörshausen, Nausis, Pfieffe, Schnellrode, Vockerode-Dinkelberg and Weidelbach.
Spangenberg maintains partnerships with the following places:
- Henry II, Landgrave of Hesse (before 1302-1376), Landgraf, resided at Schloss Spangenberg
- Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse (1341-1413), Landgraf, resided at the castle
- William I, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (1466-1515), Landgraf, died at Schloss Spangenberg
- Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (1504-1567), Landgraf, lived at Schloss Spangenberg
- William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (1532-1592), Landgraf, gave the castle its present form
- Margarethe von der Saale (1522-1566), sister of Philip the Magnanimous, lived in the castle seat, her grave is in the city church of St. John
- Hans Wilhelm Kirchhof (1525-1605), Burggraf on Schloss Spangenberg
- Michael Rutschky (born 1943), writer, grew up in Spangenberg