Soyuz TMA-3

Soyuz TMA-3 was a Soyuz (Russian Союз ТМА-3, Union TMA-3) mission to the International Space Station (ISS) launched by a Soyuz FG launch vehicle which was the third flight for the TMA modification of the Soyuz spacecraft, and the 7th Soyuz to fly to the ISS.

Soyuz TMA-3
COSPAR ID2003-047A
SATCAT no.28052
Mission duration194 days, 18 hours, 33 minutes, 12 seconds
Orbits completed~3,170
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TMA 11F732
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Crew size3
MembersAleksandr Kaleri
Colin Michael Foale
LaunchingPedro Duque
LandingAndré Kuipers
Start of mission
Launch dateOctober 18, 2003, 05:38:03 (2003-10-18UTC05:38:03Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing dateApril 30, 2004, 00:11:15 (2004-04-30UTC00:11:16Z) UTC
Landing site50.38° N, 67.20° E
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude193 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee altitude227 kilometres (141 mi)
Inclination51.67 degrees
Docking with ISS
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Aleksandr Kaleri, RKA[1]
Expedition 8
Fourth spaceflight
Flight Engineer Michael Foale, NASA[1]
Expedition 8
Sixth and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer Pedro Duque, ESA[2]
Second and last spaceflight
André Kuipers, ESA[1]
First spaceflight

Original Crew

Position Crew
Commander Vladimir Dezhurov, RKA
N/A (Taxi Flight)
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer Andre Kuipers, ESA
N/A (Taxi Flight)
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Oleg Skripochka
N/A (Taxi Flight)
First spaceflight

Mission parameters

  • Mass: ? kg
  • Perigee: 193 km
  • Apogee: 227 km
  • Inclination: 51.7°
  • Period: 88.6 min

Docking with ISS

  • Docked to ISS: October 20, 2003, 07:16 UTC (to Pirs module)
  • Undocked from ISS: April 29, 2004, 20:52 UTC (from Pirs module)


  • Max. altitude - 387.1 km
  • Min. altitude - 357.9 km
  • Period - 91.7 min
  • Inclination - 65.64°[3]

Mission highlights

The commander of the Soyuz was Aleksandr Kaleri (Russia). The flight engineer was Michael Foale (USA), and Pedro Duque from Spain served as the second flight engineer. After docking with the ISS they exchanged the current crew on ISS and became the eighth station crew, called "ISS Expedition Eight". During the stay on the station Michael Foale was the ISS Commander, while Aleksandr Kaleri was the engineer. Foale was the first American to have served on both Mir and the ISS. Pedro Duque performed some ESA sponsored science experiments under the mission name Cervantes and then returned with the ISS 7 crew on Soyuz TMA-2.

The backup crew was William McArthur, Valery Tokarev and André Kuipers.

Foale and Kaleri along with André Kuipers, the third seater from TMA-4 landed on April 29, 2004, near Arkalyk, Kazakhstan. A minor helium leak did not affect their mission.


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