Southern Command (India)
Southern Command is a formation of the Indian Army, active since 1895. It has seen action during the integration of several Princely States into modern India, during the 1961 Indian Annexation of Goa, and during the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pakistani Wars. Lieutenant General Satinder Kumar Saini is the current Southern Army Commander.
Southern Command's insignia today.
|Lieutenant General Satinder Kumar Saini, AVSM, YSM, VSM|
|General Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri|
General Gopal Gurunath Bewoor
General Bipin Chandra Joshi
General Ved Prakash Malik
General Sundararajan Padmanabhan
General Nirmal Chander Vij
General Bipin Rawat
The Presidency armies were abolished with effect from 1 April 1895 when the three Presidency armies became the Indian Army. The Indian Army was divided into four Commands (Bengal Command, Bombay Command, Madras Command and Punjab Command) each under a lieutenant general.
In 1908, the four commands were merged into two Armies (Northern Army and Southern Army): this system persisted until 1920 when the arrangement reverted to four commands again (Eastern Command, Northern Command, Southern Command and Western Command). In 1914, the Southern Army consisted of the 4th (Quetta) Division, the 5th (Mhow) Division, the 6th (Poona) Division, the 9th (Secunderabad) Division, and the Aden Brigade.
World War II
- 19th Indian Infantry Division, April 1942 to July 1944
- 2nd British Infantry Division, June 1942 to April 1943, and then June 1945 to August 1945
- 70th British Infantry Division, July 1943 to October 1943
- 81st (West Africa) Division, March 1945 to August 1945
- 36th Infantry Division (British Army), June 1945 to August 1945
Commanders prior to Independence
- 1907 - Oct 1908 General Sir Archibald Hunter
- Oct 1908 - Oct 1912 General Sir Edmund Barrow
- Oct 1912 - Feb 1915 General Sir John Nixon
- Feb 1915 - 1916 Lieutenant-General Sir Robert Scallon
- Apr 1917 - Nov 1919 Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Anderson
- Nov 1919 - 1923 Lieutenant-General Sir William Marshall
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Southern Command
- 1923 - Mar 1924 Lieutenant-General Sir Andrew Skeen
- Mar 1924 - Mar 1928 Lieutenant-General Sir Harold Walker
- Mar 1928 - Mar 1932 General Sir William Heneker
- Mar 1932 - Mar 1936 General Sir George Jeffreys
- Mar 1936 - Oct 1937 Lieutenant-General Sir Ivo Vesey
- Oct 1937 - Mar 1941 General Sir John Brind
- Mar 1941 - Oct 1941 Lieutenant-General Thomas Riddell-Webster
- Oct 1941 - Jun 1942 General Sir Brodie Haig
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Southern Army
- Jun 1942 - Mar 1945 Lieutenant-General Sir Noel Beresford-Peirse
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Southern Command
In August 1947, Southern Command had the Deccan, Madras and Bombay Areas (with HQs at Kamptee, Madras and Bombay). In 1947–48, Southern Command was largely responsible in getting Junagadh and Hyderabad to sign the instrument of accession to India. 1st Armoured Division did the actual incursion into Hyderabad. In 1961, the Indian annexation of Goa was conducted by 17th Infantry Division and 50th Parachute Brigade, under the operational control of Southern Command.
In 1965–66, two further divisions were raised within the command. After fighting broke out in the Rann of Kutch in April 1965, a hastily constituted force, named Kilo Force under Maj. Gen P. O. Dunn was formed to contain this attack. Kilo Force was later re-designated as 11 Infantry Division. In September 1965, the operational responsibility for the Barmer sector was given to Southern Command and entrusted to 11 Infantry Division. Delhi and Rajasthan Area, with its Advance Headquarters at Jodhpur, fought in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 under Western Command. On 3 November 1966, this formation was redesignated 12th Infantry Division, under Major General J.F.R. Jacob, and also placed under Southern Command.
Today the command headquarters is located at Pune Cantonment in Pune, Maharashtra. It consists of two corps and two military areas. The two areas appear to be : one at Mumbai, the Maharashtra Goa and Gujarat Area (MG&G Area), responsible for those states; and one at Chennai, the Andhra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala Area (ATNK&K Area) responsible for Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.
The Southern Command encompasses nine states and four union territories which covers about 40% of India. In 2005, some changes to the command's boundaries were made when a new South Western Command was established.
- 41 Artillery Division, headquarters Pune, Maharashtra. The division includes 97 Artillery Brigade, may include 98 Artillery Brigade.
- XII Corps, headquartered at Jodhpur, Rajasthan
- XXI Corps, headquartered at Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
- Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Goa Area headquartered at Mumbai
- Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala Area headquartered at Chennai
List of Commanders
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