Southern Andean Yungas
|Southern Andean Yungas|
Lepismium monacanthum in Calilegua National Park
|Biome||Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest|
|Area||61,100 km2 (23,600 sq mi)|
|Countries||Bolivia and Argentina|
This ecoregion has a subtropical highland climate. The climate is influenced by trade winds that bring about 2,500 millimetres (98 in) of rain per year.
The Southern Andean Yungas consists of a mesic evergreen forest, with trees typically less than 15 metres (49 ft) tall. Between 1,200 to 2,500 metres (3,900 to 8,200 ft) the forest is dominated by Andean alder (Alnus acuminata) and mountain pine (Podocarpus parlatorei). At lower elevations these species mix with other trees, especially Lauraceae and Myrtaceae.
Mammals that may be found here include the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari), the collared peccary (Pecari tajacu), and the South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris). Cats include the jaguar (Panthera onca), puma (Puma concolor), margay (Leopardus wiedii), and jaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi).
- "Southern Andean Yungas". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.