South Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency)
South Northamptonshire is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Andrea Leadsom, a Conservative currently serving as Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. She was Leader of the House of Commons from 2017 to 2019, and Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from 2016 to 2017.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of South Northamptonshire in Northamptonshire for the 2010 general election
Location of Northamptonshire within England
|Major settlements||Brackley, Towcester|
|Member of Parliament||Andrea Leadsom (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Daventry and Kettering|
|Number of members||1832–1885: Two|
|European Parliament constituency||East Midlands|
Before 2010, the constituency existed from 1832–1918, and from 1950–1974, however on different boundaries during each period. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election from 1832, until the representation was reduced in 1885 to one member elected by the first past the post system.
- Prominent members
Three names feature prominently among the area's Commons members, the 3rd and 5th Earl Spencer (during their tenures as MP having a courtesy title only, Viscount Althorp – Althorp is a major country house in the seat, well known as the childhood home of Diana, Princess of Wales); Edward Fitzroy (son of Lord Southampton), Speaker of the House of Commons from 1928 until his death in 1943; and lastly, Reginald Manningham-Buller, 1st Viscount Dilhorne who on accomplishment of a peerage sat for the final two years of his life as the historic equivalent of the President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom with additional functions, the Lord Chancellor.
- History of boundaries
The seat was abolished in 1918 to form the new constituency of Daventry, then recreated in 1950 caused by a relatively short-lived abolition of Daventry. In 1974 the constituency was almost wholly swallowed up by a reborn Daventry, which on wide boundaries saw substantial population growth.
This called for recreation in 2010 whereby most of the electoral wards were taken from the former version of the Daventry seat.
- Present bordering constituencies
The constituency is bordered by Daventry and Northampton South to the north, Wellingborough to the north east, Milton Keynes North and Milton Keynes South to the south east, Buckingham to the south, Banbury to the south west and Kenilworth and Southam to the west.
1885–1918: The Sessional Divisions of Brackley and Towcester, and part of the Sessional Division of Daventry.
1950–1974: The Boroughs of Daventry and Brackley, and the Rural Districts of Brackley, Daventry, Northampton, and Towcester.
2010–present: The District of South Northamptonshire wards of Astwell, Blakesley, Blisworth, Brackley East, Brackley South, Brackley West, Chase, Cogenhoe, Collingtree, Cosgrove, Courteenhall, Deanshanger, Grafton, Kings Sutton, Kingthorn, Little Brook, Middleton Cheney, Salcey, Silverstone, Steane, Tove, Towcester Brook, Towcester Mill, Wardoun, Washington, Whittlewood, and Yardley, and the Borough of Northampton wards of East Hunsbury, Nene Valley, and West Hunsbury.
Members of Parliament
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Viscount Althorp||Whig||William Ralph Cartwright||Tory|
|1835||Sir Charles Knightley, Bt||Conservative|
|1846 by-election||Cpt. Richard Howard-Vyse||Conservative|
|1858 by-election||Col. Henry Cartwright||Conservative|
|1881 by-election||Pickering Phipps||Conservative|
|1885||Redistribution of Seats Act: reduced to one member|
|1885||Sir Rainald Knightley||Conservative|
|1892||David Charles Guthrie||Liberal|
|1895||Hon. Edward Douglas-Pennant||Conservative|
|1900||Hon. Edward FitzRoy||Conservative|
|1910||Hon. Edward FitzRoy||Conservative|
|1918||Constituency abolished, but revived in 1950|
|1950||Reginald Manningham-Buller||Conservative||Resigned 1962 on being raised to the peerage|
|1962 by-election||Arthur Jones||Conservative|
|February 1974||Constituency abolished, but revived in 2010|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Lofts||7,891||11.8||+6.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Lofts||3,623||5.6||-0.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Tom Snowdon||3,613||5.9||-15.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Scott Collins||12,603||21.0||+3.9|
|English Democrat||Tony Tappy||735||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||Gordon J. Roberts||21,131||37.18|
|Liberal||C. A. Peter Smout||6,626||11.66|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Graham T. Ridge||22,332||47.16|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Dennis G. Webb||18,434||46.41|
|Labour||Dennis G. Webb||16,852||43.12||n/a|
Election results 1868–1918
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||Frederick John FitzRoy||2,305||31.4||−0.9|
|Turnout||4,819 (est)||76.0 (est)||−3.4|
Elections in the 1870s
Elections in the 1880s
Cartwright's death caused a by-election.
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||David Charles Guthrie||3,930||50.3||+2.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.4|
|Liberal||David Charles Guthrie||3,324||42.2||−8.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.1|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.9|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.6|
|Liberal||Arthur Augustus Thomas||3,827||46.9||+0.5|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Edward FitzRoy
- Liberal: Arthur Augustus Thomas
Election results 1832–1868
Elections in the 1840s
|Conservative||William Ralph Cartwright||2,436||42.8||N/A|
|Turnout||3,305 (est)||72.0 (est)||N/A|
Cartwright resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.
|Turnout||3,628 (est)||76.7 (est)||+4.7|
Elections in the 1850s
|Turnout||1,997 (est)||43.7 (est)||−33.0|
|Turnout||3,870 (est)||82.8 (est)||+39.2|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+33.1|
Spencer succeeded to the peerage, becoming 5th Earl Spencer and causing a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||−11.5|
|Conservative gain from Liberal|
Elections in the 1860s
|Turnout||4,203 (est)||79.4 (est)||N/A|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Later a member for Windsor: November 4, 1863 – July 11, 1865
- This source
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 3)
- "Northamptonshire Southern 1832-1918 (Hansard)". hansard.millbanksystems.com.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 232–233. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Millbank Systems – reference to government on the opposition benches, July 1836
Note that at this time party affiliations were only beginning to become more rigid.
- "Lincolnshire Chronicle". 10 April 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 11 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Bell's Weekly Messenger". 4 April 1857. p. 1. Retrieved 11 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Hansard at Millbank Systems has no debates from November–December 1892 but from this source it seems David Guthrie never spoke in Parliament.
- "Northamptonshire South Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- Leadsom, Andrea [@andrealeadsom] (28 April 2017). "Delighted and honoured to be readopted as Conservative candidate for South Northamptonshire this evening! #GE2017pic.twitter.com/5JqJfH8nu6" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "General Election". southnorthantslabour.com.
- http://www.libdems.org.uk/ (25 January 2017). "Chris Lofts".
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Statement of Persons Nominated, South Northamptonshire Council
- "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Northamptonshire South". news.bbc.co.uk.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Northampton Mercury 10 Apr 1914
- "Which is the Low Party?". Northampton Mercury. 7 August 1847. p. 1. Retrieved 17 May 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette". 17 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 11 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Parliament". London Evening Standard. 3 February 1858. p. 3. Retrieved 11 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.