South Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of South Norfolk in Norfolk
Location of Norfolk within England
|Electorate||77,316 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Richard Bacon (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One (Two 1868-1885)|
|Created from||East Norfolk|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
The Reform Act 1867 led, the following year, to the county's redistribution into three, two member, county divisions. The three divisions, from the 1868 United Kingdom general election became this one, the North and modified Western division.
The Southern division had its place of election at Norwich. This was the same place of election as the abolished Eastern division. In 1868 the same two MPs who had sat for East Norfolk before its end were re-elected from this constituency.
Under the provisions of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, single member constituencies became the norm and greater equalisation in electorate occurred. In Norfolk the three, two member, county divisions were changed to six single member seats. These were this constituency, a revived East Norfolk, Mid Norfolk, North Norfolk, North West Norfolk and South West Norfolk.
The Southern division was very agricultural in character. The largest town was Diss, which had a population of fewer than 4,000 people in 1900.
Boundaries and boundary changes
Northern-most parts were transferred to the re-established Eastern Division and western parts to the new Mid Division. It bordered Mid Norfolk to the west, the borough constituency of Norwich and East Norfolk to the north, the borough of Great Yarmouth and the Suffolk constituency of Lowestoft to the east and another Suffolk division, Eye, to the south.
Gained southern areas of the abolished Mid Division and a small area in the east of the South-Western Division. Lost eastern areas, which comprised the Loddon and Clavering Rural District (later renamed the Loddon Rural District), to the Eastern Division.
These areas combined to produce a somewhat more urban constituency than before. Thetford was transferred from South West Norfolk and the Rural District of Loddon regained from the abolished Eastern Division. The (combined) Rural District of Forehoe and Henstead was transferred to the new County Constituency of Central Norfolk.
Regained the Rural District of Forhoe and Henstead, including Costessey, from Central Norfolk, which was now abolished.
This was the last redistribution before a major reorganisation of local government, which amalgamated many of the smaller local authorities and which was reflected in the 1983 redistribution.
1983–1997: District of South Norfolk.
Thetford and the area comprising the former Rural District of Wayland, including Attleborough, which had been included the District of Breckland, were transferred to the redrawn South West Norfolk constituency.
2010–present: District of South Norfolk wards of Beck Vale, Bressingham and Burston, Brooke, Bunwell, Chedgrave and Thurton, Cringleford, Dickleburgh, Diss, Ditchingham and Broome, Earsham, Easton, Forncett, Gillingham, Harleston, Hempnall, Hethersett, Loddon, Mulbarton, Newton Flotman, Old Costessey, Poringland with the Framinghams, Rockland, Roydon, Scole, Stoke Holy Cross, Stratton, Tasburgh, and Thurlton.
Changes proposed by the Boundaries Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission have recommended that five of the seven District of South Norfolk wards, including Wymondham be transferred back from Mid Norfolk. The Thurlton ward would be transferred to Great Yarmouth and the Cringleford and Old Costessey wards to Norwich South.
Members of Parliament
MPs 1868 – 1885 (two seats)
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1868||Clare Sewell Read||Conservative||Edward Howes||Conservative|
|1871||Sir Robert Buxton, Bt||Conservative|
|1885||representation reduced to one member|
MPs since 1885 (one seat)
|1898 by-election||Arthur Soames||Liberal|
|1918||William Cozens-Hardy a||Liberal|
|1920 by-election||George Edwards||Labour|
|1950||Peter Baker b||Conservative||Expelled from Parliament 1954|
|1955 by-election||John Hill||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||John MacGregor||Conservative||Later Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market; Cabinet Minister 1985-1994|
- a Cozens-Hardy stood at the 1918 United Kingdom general election as a Liberal without the Coalition "coupon", but he took the Coalition Liberal whip when Parliament assembled in 1919.
- b Baker was expelled from the House of Commons in 1954 after being convicted of fraud, forgery and uttering and sentenced to seven years imprisonment.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Christopher Brown||8,744||14.0||+5.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Christopher Brown||5,074||8.3||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Jacky Howe||4,689||8.2||-21.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Jacky Howe||16,193||29.4||-0.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Ian Mack||17,617||29.9||+0.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Anne Lee||16,696||29.9||+1.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Barbara Hacker||17,557||28.3||+1.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler||18,516||27.0||-6.9|
|Natural Law||N Clark||320||0.5||+0.5|
|Independent Conservative||R Watkins||232||0.3||+0.3|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|United Democratic Party||CC Fairhead||317||0.5||+0.0|
|Independent Progressive||CC Fairhead||337||0.5|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Geoffrey B L Bennett||16,849||44.46|
|Liberal||Robert L Crouch||4,079||10.76|
|Labour||Frank R Thompson||15,012||40.56|
|Liberal||Barry HP Turner||4,819||13.02|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||John MacLennan Stewart||16,542||46.2||−1.7|
|Labour||John MacLennan Stewart||17,215||47.9||−0.6|
|Labour||John MacLennan Stewart||14,254||48.5||+3.0|
|Liberal||George Q Bryant||2,097||5.8||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+12.3|
Election in the 1940s
|Conservative||John Sandeman Allen||10,862||32.5||−25.4|
|Ind. Conservative||J Holt Wilson||5,761||17.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+16.8|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||+7.4|
|Unionist||Thomas William Hay||10,821||48.1||−7.5|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+7.5|
|Unionist||Thomas William Hay||12,734||45.7||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Coalition Liberal||James Henley Batty||6,476||34.5||N/A|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1910s
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+8.2|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||John Sancroft Holmes||3,296||41.6||−3.0|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist||Francis Taylor||4,281||55.4||+0.6|
|Liberal||Thomas Hamer Dolbey||3,445||44.6||−0.6|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||+0.6|
|Liberal Unionist||Francis Taylor||4,288||54.8||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal Unionist||Francis Taylor||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal|
|Conservative||Clare Sewell Read||2,905||33.3||+2.8|
|Turnout||5,823 (est)||78.6 (est)||+3.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||−1.8|
Elections in the 1870s
|Conservative||Clare Sewell Read||3,146||35.5||−4.1|
|Turnout||5,777 (est)||75.3 (est)||+13.6|
- Caused by Howes' death.
Elections in the 1860s
|Conservative||Clare Sewell Read||3,097||39.6||N/A|
|Liberal||Henry Lombard Hudson||1,679||21.4||N/A|
|Turnout||4,754 (est)||61.7 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years. However from 1868-85 the constituency elected two members (see history)
- Where the hustings stood, at which nominations were made, votes cast before the introduction of multiple polling districts in county constituencies and the result was declared)
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Representation of the People Act 1867" (PDF).
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)
- "Norfolk South Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated - South Norfolk Constituency" (PDF). South Norfolk Council. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
- "Norfolk South parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News.
- "UK Election Results: Norfolk South 2015".
- "UK Polling Report".
- "Catherine Rowett MEP (@catherinerowett) | Twitter". twitter.com.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Springer International Publishing AG. p. 419. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-81467-1. hdl:2027/mdp.39015032127527. ISBN 978-1-349-81469-5.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 355.
- "The nominations". Diss Express. 13 May 1898. p. 5. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Another vacated seat". Western Times. 25 Apr 1898. p. 4. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "South Norfolk Election". Norfolk Chronicle. 28 November 1868. pp. 9–10. Retrieved 11 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber and Faber 1984)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
- Social Geography of British Elections 1885-1910. by Henry Pelling (Macmillan 1967)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945-1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)