South American Games

The South American Games (also known as ODESUR Games; Spanish: Juegos Sudamericanos; Portuguese: Jogos Sul-Americanos), formerly the Southern Cross Games (Spanish: Juegos Cruz del Sur) is a regional multi-sport event held between nations from South America, organized by the South American Sports Organization (Organización Deportiva Sudamericana, ODESUR).[1]

South American Games
AbbreviationJJ.SS.
First event1978 in La Paz, Bolivia
Occur everyfour years
Last event2018 in Cochabamba, Bolivia
PurposeMulti sport event for nations on the South American continent

The first Games were held in 1978 in La Paz, Bolivia. They have since been held every four years, with the most recent edition in 2018 in Cochabamba, Bolivia. The Games have had an equivalent to the Olympic Flame since their inception: the South American Flame, which is relayed from Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, to the host city.[2]

For the XI edition in 2018 there were two bids: Cochabamba, Bolivia, and Barquisimeto, Venezuela, with the final hosting decision in favour of Cochabamba in 2011. Starting with the 2014 edition, the South American Para Games are held for South American Paralympic athletes. Just like the Olympic Games, the host city for the South American Games is also the host for Para-South American Games.

The detailed history of the South American Games together with an extensive list of medal winners was published in a book written (in Spanish) by Argentinian journalist Ernesto Rodríguez III with support of the Argentine Olympic Committee under the auspices of the Ministry of Education in collaboration with the Sports Secretary of Argentina.[3]

Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
1978 I La Paz  Bolivia Juan Pereda 3 November – 12 November 480 8 16  Argentina
1982 II Rosario  Argentina Reynaldo Bignone 26 November – 5 December 961 10 19  Argentina
1986 III Santiago  Chile Augusto Pinochet 28 November – 8 December 969 10 17  Argentina
1990 IV Lima  Peru Alberto Fujimori 1 December – 10 December 1,070 10 16  Argentina
1994 V Valencia  Venezuela Rafael Caldera 19 November – 28 November 1,599 14 19  Argentina
1998 VI Cuenca  Ecuador Gustavo Noboa 21 October – 31 October 1,525 14 24  Argentina
2002 VII Multiple Cities  Brazil 1 August – 11 August 2,069 13 24  Brazil
2006 VIII Buenos Aires  Argentina Néstor Kirchner 9 November – 19 November 2,938 15 28  Argentina
2010 IX Medellín  Colombia Álvaro Uribe 19 March – 30 March 3,751 15 31  Colombia
2014 X Santiago  Chile Sebastián Piñera 7 March – 18 March 3,499 14 33  Brazil
2018 XI Cochabamba  Bolivia Evo Morales 26 May – 8 June 4,010 14 35  Colombia
2022 XII Asunción  Paraguay TBA[4]

Para Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2014 I Santiago[5]  Chile 26 March – 30 March 600+ 8 7  Argentina
2018 II Cochabamba[6]  Bolivia Cancelled

Youth Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2013 I Lima  Peru 20 September – 29 September 1200 14 19  Brazil
2017 II Santiago  Chile 29 September – 8 October 1279 14 20  Brazil
2021 III Rosario  Argentina

Beach Games

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2009 I Punta del Este/Montevideo  Uruguay 3-13 December 12 9  Brazil
2011 II Manta  Ecuador 2-12 December 675 13 10  Brazil
2014 III Vargas  Venezuela 14–24 May 12 10  Venezuela
2017 Pimentel  Peru Cancelled
2019 IV Rosario  Argentina 14–23 March 14 13  Argentina

All-time medal count

The total medal count for all the Games until 2018 is tabulated below. This table is sorted by the number of gold medals earned by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals.

South American Games medal count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Argentina8847617272372
2 Brazil7396015511891
3 Venezuela5354695001504
4 Colombia5034234001326
5 Chile3544555361345
6 Peru190271362823
7 Ecuador188244371803
8 Uruguay68115146329
9 Bolivia3584156275
10 Paraguay194461124
11 Panama13182859
12 Suriname931224
13 Netherlands Antilles771731
14 Guyana241319
15 Aruba041418
Total35463503389410943

Sports

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

     Aquatics     Cycling     Football     Gymnastics     Roller sports     Volleyball

Sport (discipline) Body 78 82 86 90 94 98 02 06 10 14 18
World South America
 
Diving FINA ASUA XXXXX
Open water swimming XXXX
Swimming XXXXXXXXXX
Synchronized swimming XXXXX
Water polo XX
 
Archery FITA AAF XXXXXX
Athletics IAAF CONSUDATLE XXXXXXXXXXX
Badminton BWF BPA XXX
Baseball IBAF COPABE XXXXX
Basketball FIBA ABASU XXXXXX
Basque pelota FIPV X
Bocce CMSB X
Bodybuilding IFBB IFBBSud America X
Bowling FIQ PABCON XXXXXXXXX
Boxing AIBA AMBC XXXXXXXXXXX
Canoeing ICF COPAC XXXXXXX
 
BMX racing UCI COPACI XXXX
Mountain biking XXXXXX
Road cycling XXXXXXXXXXX
Track cycling XXXXXXXXXX
 
Equestrian FEI PAEC XXXXXX
Fencing FIE CPE XXXXXXXXXXX
Field hockey FIH PAHF XXX
 
Football FIFA CONMEBOL XXXXXXX
Futsal XXXXXX
 
Golf IGF FSG XXX
 
Artistic gymnastics FIG CONSUGI XXXXXXXXXXX
Rhythmic gymnastics XXXXXXXX
Trampoline X
 
Handball IHF PATHF XXXXX
Judo IJF PJC XXXXXXXXXXX
Karate WKF PKF XXXXXXX
Modern pentathlon UIPM XX
Racquetball IRF PARC XX
 
Artistic roller skating FIRS CPRS XXXXXXX
Roller hockey XX
Roller speed skating XXXXXXX
 
Rowing FISA XXXXXXX
Rugby sevens IRB CONSUR XX
Sailing ISAF SASC XXXXXXXXX
Scuba diving X
Shooting ISSF CAT XXXXXXXXXXX
Softball ISF CONPASA XXX
Squash WSF FPS XX
Table tennis ITTF LATTU XXXXXXXXX
Taekwondo WTF PATU XXXXXXXXX
Tennis ITF COSAT XXXXXXXXXXX
Triathlon ITU PATCO XXXXXX
 
Beach volleyball FIVB CSV XXX
Indoor volleyball XXXXX
 
Water skiing IWWF IWWF Pan Am XXXX
Weightlifting IWF PAWC XXXXXXXXXXX
Wrestling UWW CPLA XXXXXXXXXXX
 
Total events 171249193260296357380463486317373

References

  1. Ediciones de los Juegos (in Spanish), ODESUR, archived from the original on 16 June 2012, retrieved 5 June 2012
  2. Llama Suramericana (in Spanish), ODESUR, archived from the original on 18 August 2012, retrieved 5 June 2012
  3. Rodríguez III, Ernesto (2010), LIBROS DEL CICLO OLÍMPICO ARGENTINO - Libro I de los Juegos Odesur 1978-2010 (in Spanish) (1a. ed.), Buenos Aires: Alarco Ediciones, p. 192, ISBN 978-987-1367-18-4, archived from the original on 4 January 2012, retrieved 3 June 2012
  4. Rapetti, Miguel (8 October 2019). "ODESUR confirmó que Paraguay será sede de los Juegos Sudamericanos 2022". TyC Sports. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  5. "Para-South American Games to open in Santiago". paralympic.org. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  6. "South American Paralympics Cancelled". Around the Rings. 16 April 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
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