South-East European Cooperation Process

The South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP) was launched on Bulgaria's initiative in 1996. At the Bulgaria-chaired meeting in Sofia, the Southeast Europe (SEE) countries laid the foundations for regional co-operation for the purposes of creating an atmosphere of trust, good neighbourly relations and stability.

A special characteristic of SEECP is that it is an original form of co-operation among the countries in the region launched on their own initiative, and not on the initiative of some other international organisation or countries. In that regard, the SEECP seeks to define itself as an authentic voice of SEE, complementary to the Stability Pact, Southeast European Cooperative Initiative or the Stabilisation and Association Process.

The basic goals of regional co-operation within SEECP include the strengthening of security and the political situation, intensification of economic relations and co-operation in the areas of human resources, democracy, justice, and battle against illegal activities. It is the intention of the SEECP to enable its members to approach the European and Euro-Atlantic structures through the strengthening of good neighbourly relations and transformation of the region into an area of peace and stability.



The SEECP is a regional non-institutionalised process co-ordinated by the presiding country. The SEECP presidency lasts for one year and is rotated among the members. The presiding country presents the Process at international meetings and hosts the annual meeting of heads of state and government, foreign ministers meeting and a number of annual meetings of political directors. Depending on the situation, the presiding country may call extraordinary meetings.


Presiding country is changed each year:

  • 1996–97, Bulgaria
  • 1997–98, Greece
  • 1998–99, Turkey
  • 1999–2000, Romania
  • 2000–01, Republic of Macedonia
  • 2001–02, Albania
  • 2002–03, Serbia and Montenegro
  • 2003–04, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • April 2004 – May 2005, Romania[1]
  • May 2005 – May 2006, Greece[2]
  • May 2006 – May 2007, Croatia[3]
  • May 2007 – May 2008, Bulgaria
  • 2008–09, Moldova
  • 2009–10, Turkey[4]
  • 2010–11, Montenegro
  • 2011–12, Serbia
  • 2012–13, Republic of Macedonia[5]
  • 2013–14, Romania
  • 2014–15, Albania[6]
  • 2015-16, Bulgaria
  • 2016-17, Croatia
  • 2017-18, Slovenia[7]
  • 2018-19, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 2019-20, Kosovo

Meetings held

Heads of state and government meetings:

Foreign ministers meetings:

See also


  1. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 14 later withdrew their recognition.
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