Solomon Hanau

Solomon Zalman ben Judah Loeb ha-Kohen Hanau (later known by the acronym Raza"h or Zalman Hanau (1687–1746), was a German Jewish expert in Hebrew grammar and critical textual critic of Jewish liturgy and prayer nussach.[1][2][3][4][5][6]


Shlomo (Zalman) ben Yehuda Leib Katz was born in Hanau, Germany and lived in part in Frankfurt, Hamburg, Amsterdam, Berlin and Hanover. At the age of 21 he composed his first dikduk work, "Binyan Shlomo". Solomon Hanau was fiercely criticized by Jacob Emden, though Emden's father, Tzvi Ashkenazi, authored an approval letter to Solomon Hanau for his textual work. Recent study suggests that Shneur Zalman of Liadi followed many of Solomon's variations when composing his Chabad Nusach of Jewish prayer (Nusach Ari).


He had a son Simson b. Salomo[7] who worked as a printer in Homburg vor der Höhe until 1730.[8][9] He printed an edition of the Ma'assebuch in 1727.[10]

Hebrew works


  1. Speaking Jewish – Speaking Jewish-Jewish Speak: Multilingualism in Western Ashkenazic Culture (Studia Rosenthaliana 36–37) ed. Shlomo Berger, A. Pomerance – 2004 "The other pillar of this innovative tradition, and without doubt its foremost inspirator, was Solomon Zalman ben Judah Loeb ha-Kohen Hanau (1687–1746). Hanau was a travelling scholar who lived, among other places, in Frankfurt am Main "
  2. Shmuel Feiner, David Jan Sorkin, New perspectives on the Haskalah 2001 "SOLOMON HANAU Rabbi Solomon Zalman b. Judah Loeb Hakohen Hanau (1687–1746) was an auto- didact who contributed to the revival of the study of Hebrew grammar as well as making important claims for the role of grammar in biblical exegesis ..."
  3. Jewish Encyclopedia ed. Isidore Singer, Cyrus Adler 1925 "The grammarian Solomon Hanau was born at Hanau (1687)"
  4. Israel Zinberg A History of Jewish Literature: The German-Polish cultural center 1975 p149 "Solomon Zalman Hanau – In this respect the difficult life-path of the philologist Solomon Zalman Hanau is highly instructive. Born in Hanau in 1687, Solomon manifested while still in his youth a special interest in that branch of science ..."
  5. Magne Sæbø Hebrew Bible, Old Testament: The History of its Interpretation, II: From the Renaissance to the Englightenment (9783525539828) 2008 p1009 "Solomon Hanau (1687–1746), a native of Frankfurt am Main who also lived for a time in Amsterdam and other Western European cities, joined other scholars in complaining bitterly about the neglect of Hebrew and its detrimental effect on ..."
  6. Encyclopaedia Judaica Vol. 8 Fred Skolnik, Michael Berenbaum – 2007 "HANAU, SOLOMON ZALMAN BEN JUDAH LOEB HA-KOHEN MI Pfeiffer, M. Kingreen, Hanauer Juden 1933–1945. Entrechtung, Verfolgung, Deportation (1998). ... Born in 'Hanau where his father served as cantor, Solomon Hanau taught at Frankfurt."
  7. Richard Gosche: Maase-Buch, Miscelle in: Hebraeische Bibliographie : Blätter für neuere und ältere Literatur des Judenthums ; zugleich eine Ergänzung zu allen Organen des Buchhandels Band IV 1861, Nr. 24, p. 155ff online in the Compact Memory collection of the Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg Frankfurt am Main
  8. Aron Freimann: Die hebräischen Druckereien in Bad Homburg v. d. H. und Rödelheim in den Jahren 1711-57. In: Zeitschrift für Hebräische Bibliographie, Jahrgang 21 (1918) p. 14 online in the Compact Memory collection of the Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg Frankfurt am Main.
  9. Konstanze Grutschnig-Kieser: Homburg vor der Höhe – ein Druckort für hebräische Schriften. In: Aspekte jüdischen Lebens in Bad Homburg, Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2016 ISBN 978-3-7319-0328-4 (book preview including full text of the chapter)
  10. Jakob Meitlis: Das Ma'assebuch. Seine Entstehung und Quellengeschichte. Zugleich eine Einführung in die altjiddische Agada. Mit einem Geleitwort von Moses Gaster, PH. D., London Buchhandlung Rubin Mass, Berlin 1933. p. 43 (reprint Georg Olms Verlag, Hildesheim u. a. 1987, ISBN 3-487-07833-3)
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