Solidaridad Municipality

Solidaridad is one of the eleven municipalities that make up the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. Its municipal seat is the town of Playa del Carmen.

Solidaridad
Welcome sign over Highway 307

Flag

Location of Solidaridad in Quintana Roo
Solidaridad
Location within Mexico
Coordinates: 20°37′N 87°05′W
CountryMexico
StateQuintana Roo
Established28 July 1993
Municipal seatPlaya del Carmen
Government
  Municipal PresidentJosé Mauricio Góngora Escalante
Area
  Municipality2,278 km2 (880 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2018 census)
  Municipality252,087
  Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
  Urban
155,902
Time zoneUTC−5 (Southeast (US Eastern))
INEGI Code23008
Websitewww.solidaridad.gob.mx

Solidaridad is home to the Maya archaeological site of Xcaret.[2]

Geography

The municipality has some small but rich continental sites including the ecotourism park of Xcaret. Prior to the creation of the Municipality of Tulum, the municipality was situated between latitudes 20° 45' and 19° 46' north and longitudes 86° 57' and 88° 05' west, and had an area of 4,245.67 square kilometres (1,639.26 sq mi). Today, it borders the municipalities of Benito Juárez and Lázaro Cárdenas to the north and Tulum to the south; and is separated in most places from its neighboring municipality to the east (Cozumel) by a stretch of the Caribbean Sea known as the Cozumel Channel.

The ecotourism park of Xel-Ha and the Calica limestone quarry are not part of Solidaridad as they belong to the neighboring municipality of Cozumel. These are the only two mainland locations for the municipality of Cozumel with sizes of 90 hectares (220 acres) and 11.9 hectares (29 acres) respectively. All of the limestone from Calica is exported to the US, and the quarry has its own docks and also serves visiting cruise ships.[2]

Orography and hydrography

Like most of the Yucatan Peninsula, Solidaridad is almost entirely flat with a gentle slope towards the sea, so from west to east, most of the area never reaches an altitude above 25 metres (82 ft) above sea level.

Like the rest of the peninsula's surface the land has a limestone base that does not allow the formation of surface water flows such as rivers and streams, the water instead form flows in underground rivers that sometimes rise to the surface in the cenotes. Lakes and cenotes are the major water bodies of the municipality.

Communities

The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:[3]

NamePopulation
(2010 census)
Playa del Carmen149,923
Puerto Aventuras5,979
Barceló Maya606
Grand Palladium334
Cárcel Pública314
Iberostar242
Felipe Carrillo Puerto176
Punta Laguna138
El Dorado131
Hidalgo y Cortez128
Grand Sirenis125
Total municipality159,310

History

Solidaridad is one of the youngest municipalities in the country: it was formed on July 28, 1993, by decree of the State Congress during the administration of Mario Villanueva Madrid. At this time the municipality of Cozumel was split into two, with the mainland section constituting the new municipality of Solidaridad.

On March 13, 2008, Solidaridad was split in two when the new Municipality of Tulum was formed, as a result its land area and population were adjusted.[4]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1995 28,747    
2000 63,752+17.27%
2005 135,512+16.28%
2010 159,310+3.29%
Source: INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía[5]

The municipality has a population of 159,310 according to the results of the Population and Housing Census of 2010 conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía), of these, 83,468 are men and 75,842 are women.[3] By this time, Tulum Municipality was already separated from Solidaridad.

Currently most of its population are immigrants, mainly from the southeastern states of Mexico; but also, according to the National Institute of Migration, Mexico (Instituto Nacional de Migración de México), the municipality has 12 percent of its population of foreign origin.

Playa del Carmen, seat of the municipality

References

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