Social Democrat Radical Party

The Social Democrat Radical Party (Partido Radical Socialdemócrata, PRSD; also translated as the Radical Social Democratic Party)[6][7] is a social democratic political party in Chile.

Social Democrat Radical Party

Partido Radical Socialdemócrata
LeaderCarlos Maldonado
Secretary-GeneralMauricio Andrews
Chief of DeputiesJosé Pérez
Chief of Senators
Founded18 August 1994
Merger ofRadical Party and Social Democracy Party
HeadquartersMiraflores 495 Santiago
Youth wingJuventud Radical
Membership (2017)30,779 (5th)[1]
IdeologyRadicalism
Social liberalism
Social democracy
Secularism
Political positionCentre[2][3] to centre-left[4]
National affiliationNueva Mayoría
International affiliationSocialist International[5]
Colours     Red
Chamber of Deputies
8 / 155
Senate
0 / 43
Regional Councils
12 / 278
Mayors
9 / 345
Communal Councils
171 / 2,224
Website
partidoradical.cl

The party was founded on 18 August 1994 out of a union between the Radical Party and the Social Democracy Party, both of which had received poor results in the parliamentary elections.

The party supported Ricardo Lagos in the 1999–2000 presidential elections, who won 48.0% in the first round and was elected with 51.3% in the second round. At the 2001 legislative elections, the party won as part of the Concertación 6 out of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate. This changed at the 2005 legislative elections to 7 and 1, respectively. In 2009, it won 5 congress seats and 1 senate seat.

The party is a member of Socialist International.

Executive board

The current party executive assumed in August 2018.

PositionName
PresidentCarlos Maldonado
First Vice PresidentAlberto Robles MP
Second Vice PresidentMarcela Hernando
Third Vice PresidentFernando Meza MP
Vice President for WomenJacqueline Castillo
Secretary-GeneralMauricio Andrews
Under-secretary GeneralLeonardo Cubillos
Secretary for Control and OrganisationOscar Araya
TreasurerMario Perez
Secretary for RegionsEduardo Vivanco
Electoral SecretaryRosa Fuenzalida
International SecretaryRicardo Navarrete
Secretary for CommunicationsRobert Guevara

Leaders of the PRSD (1994–present)

LeaderTitles in officeTook officeLeft officeNotes
Anselmo SuleSenator for O'Higgins (until 1998)18 August 19947 June 2002
(died in office)
First direct elected leader of the PRSD.
Orlando Cantuarias (acting)None7 June 200225 October 2002Acting leader after Sule's death
Patricio TomboliniUnder-Secretary for Transport25 October 20027 January 2003[8]Second direct elected leader. Resigned after a Corruption scandal (Caso Coimas) as the First Deputy Leader.
Orlando Cantuarias (acting)None7 January 2003[8]3 April 2004[9]Acting leader after Tombolini's resignation as the First Deputy Leader.
Augusto Parra (acting)Senator appointed by the President of Chile as a former chancellor of the University of Concepción3 April 200419 April 2004[10]Appointed as Acting leader by the PRSD National Committee
Enrique Silva CimmaSenator appointed by the Comptroller General of Chile19 April 2004[10]28 February 2005Appointed as Leader by the PRSD National Committee
José Antonio Gómez UrrutiaSenator for Antofagasta28 February 200530 December 2009[11][12]Third direct elected leader. Resigned after the 2009 Chilean parliamentary election
Fernando Meza (acting)MP for Toltén valley30 December 2009[11][12]21 January 2010[13]Acting leader after Gomez's resignation as the First Deputy Leader.
José Antonio Gómez UrrutiaSenator for Antofagasta21 January 2010[13]15 March 2014[14]Appointed as Leader by the PRSD National Committee
Ricardo Navarrete (acting)None15 March 2014[14]16 May 2014[15]Acting leader after Gomez's resignation as the First Deputy Leader. He resigned to be Chilean embassador in Colombia.
Iván Mesías Lehu (acting)None16 May 2014[15]4 August 2014Acting leader after Navarrete's resignation as the Second Deputy Leader.
Ernesto VelascoNone4 August 2014[16]IncumbentFourth direct elected leader of the party.

Election results

Due to its membership in the Concert of Parties for Democracy, the party has endorsed the candidates of other parties on several occasions. Presidential elections in Chile are held using a two-round system, the results of which are displayed below.

Presidential elections

Elections for President of Chile
Date Candidate Party Round I Round II Result
% %
1999 Ricardo Lagos PPD 48.0 51.3 Victory
2005 Michelle Bachelet PS 46.0 53.5 Victory
2009 Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle PDC 29.6 48.4 Defeat
2013 Michelle Bachelet PS 46.7 62.2 Victory
2017 Alejandro Guillier Independent 22.7 45.4 Defeat

See also

Further reading

  • Dietmar Arundel (2013). Over the Edge. Leftpopulists in the Early 21st Century in Latin America. North Dakota State University Press.

References

  1. "Ratificaciones mas Afiliaciones por Partidos". 15 April 2017.
  2. Bizzarro, Salvatore (2005), Historical Dictionary of Chile (Third ed.), Scarecrow Press, p. 559
  3. Lamb, Peter; Docherty, James C. (2006), Historical Dictionary of Socialism (Second ed.), Scarecrow Press, p. 314
  4. Meyer, Peter J. (2010), Chile: Political and Economic Conditions and U. S. Relations, Congressional Research Service, p. 17
  5. "Partidos miembros de la Internacional Socialista". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  6. Pribble, Jennifer (2013), Patterns of Legislative Politics: Roll-Call Voting in Latin America and the United States, Cambridge University Press, p. xv
  7. Siavelis, Peter (2006), "Accommodating Informal Institutions and Democracy in Chile", Informal Institutions and Democracy: Lessons from Latin America, Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 44
  8. "Tombolini renunció a la presidencia del PRSD". EMOL. 7 January 2003. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  9. "Renuncia presidente del PRSD por traspié en Consejo Nacional". Nacion.cl. 4 April 2004. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2014.
  10. "Silva Cimma quedó en la presidencia del PRSD". La Nación. 20 May 2004. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  11. "Tras dura crítica de Frei, Gómez renuncia a presidencia del Partido Radical". EMOL. 30 December 2009. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  12. "José Antonio Gómez renunció a la presidencia del Partido Radical". EMOL. 30 December 2009. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  13. "Meza oficializa renuncia y Gómez reasumirá presidencia del PRSD". EMOL. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  14. Partido Radical Socialdemócrata. "Ricardo Navarrete asume presidencia del PRSD". Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  15. http://www.minrel.gob.cl/presidenta-bachelet-designa-nuevo-embajador-en-colombia/minrel/2014-05-16/105207.html
  16. http://impresa.elmercurio.com/Pages/NewsDetail.aspx?dt=2014-08-05&dtB=05-08-2014%200:00:00&PaginaId=2&bodyid=3 Ernesto Velasco asume presidencia del PRSD
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