Small Arms Survey

The Small Arms Survey is an independent research project located at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. It provides information on all aspects of small arms and armed violence, as a resource for governments, policy-makers, researchers, and activists, as well as research on small arms issues.

The survey monitors national and international initiatives (governmental and non-governmental), and acts as a forum and clearinghouse for the sharing of information. It also disseminates best practice measures and initiatives dealing with small arms issues.

SAS's mandate is to look at all aspects of small arms and armed violence. It provides research and analysis by which to support governments to reduce the incidence of armed violence and illicit trafficking through evidence-based analysis.

The project's staff includes international experts in security studies, political science, law, international public policy, development studies, economics, conflict resolution, and sociology. The staff works closely with a worldwide network of researchers and partners.[1][2][3]

Focus projects

The Small Arms Survey hosts the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat.[4] The Small Arms Survey's Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan project supports violence reduction initiatives, including disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programmes, incentive schemes for civilian arms collections and security sector reform, and arms control interventions across Sudan.[5][6] The Security Assessment in North Africa project supports efforts to build a more secure environment in North Africa and the Sahel-Sahara region. The project produces evidence-based research and analysis on the availability and circulation of small arms, the dynamics of emerging armed groups, and related insecurity. The research stresses the effects of the recent uprisings and armed conflicts in the region on community safety.[7]

2018 report

In 2018, Small Arms Survey reported that there are over one billion small arms distributed globally, of which 857 million (about 85 percent) are in civilian hands.[8][9] U.S. civilians alone account for 393 million (about 46 percent) of the worldwide total of civilian held firearms.[10][9] This amounts to "120.5 firearms for every 100 residents."[9]

According to the report, the world's armed forces control about 133 million (about 13 percent) of the global total of small arms, of which over 43 percent belonging to two countries: the Russian Federation (30.3 million) and China (27.5 million).[8] And, the world's law enforcement agencies control about 23 million (about 2 percent) of the global total of small arms.[8]

Global distribution of firearms

Worldwide firearms holdings, 2017[11][12][13][14]
Countries and territories Estimate of civilian held firearms Population 2017 Estimate of civilian held firearms per 100 persons Estimate of military held firearms Estimate of law enforcement held firearms
Total firearms = approximately 1,013,000,000857,000,000--133,000,00023,000,000
Afghanistan4,270,00034,169,00012.5331,170239,000
Albania350,0002,911,00012.021,75019,000
Algeria877,00041,064,0002.1637,720363,000
American Samoa40056,0000.7-90
Andorra10,00069,00014.1-976
Angola2,982,00026,656,00011.2203,30060,000
Antigua and Barbuda5,00094,0005.4438800
Argentina3,256,00044,272,0007.4679,770391,000
Armenia186,0003,032,0006.1509,24018,000
Aruba3,000105,0002.6-700
Australia3,573,00024,642,00014.5214,52069,000
Austria2,577,0008,592,00030.0240,88037,900
Azerbaijan362,0009,974,0003.6537,92018,000
Bahamas74,000397,00018.82,4705,000
Bahrain181,0001,419,00012.825,79620,000
Bangladesh659,000164,828,0000.4410,305333,000
Barbados10,000286,0003.51,6752,000
Belarus581,0009,459,0006.1780,600165,000
Belgium1,451,00011,444,00012.780,88078,000
Belize37,000375,00010.03,6902,000
Benin33,00011,459,0000.38,70026,000
Bermuda3,00061,0004.6-500
Bhutan6,000793,0000.815,2004,000
Bolivia218,00011,053,0002.087,59042,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina1,185,0003,793,00031.227,30029,000
Botswana97,0002,344,0004.117,10011,000
Brazil17,510,000211,243,0008.31,316,300803,000
Brunei Darussalam6,000434,0001.420,2204,000
Bulgaria590,0007,045,0008.4176,64059,400
Burkina Faso175,00019,173,0000.943,78043,000
Burundi238,00011,936,0002.075,96024,278
Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)31,000533,0005.72,28019,000
Cambodia717,00016,076,0004.5258,67064,000
Cameroon510,00024,514,0002.127,36015,000
Canada12,708,00036,626,00034.7233,949103,000
Cayman Islands6,00062,0009.2-400
Central African Republic94,0005,099,0001.88,58010,000
Chad151,00014,965,0001.025,02034,000
Channel Islands23,000165,00014.0-500
Chile2,220,00018,313,00012.1311,90066,000
China49,735,0001,388,233,0003.627,466,4001,971,000
China, Macao SAR22,000606,0003.6-4,000
Christmas Island02,0000.0-50
Colombia4,971,00049,068,00010.1350,689283,000
Comoros12,000826,0001.56002,000
Congo, Republic of119,0004,866,0002.412,00011,000
Costa Rica493,0004,906,00010.0-17,000
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)1,049,00023,816,0004.433,04515,000
Croatia576,0004,210,00013.775,12039,000
Cuba234,00011,390,0002.1958,10042,000
Curaçao4,000160,0002.6-600
Cyprus, North61,000349,00017.4-2,000
Cyprus, Rep. of285,000839,00034.099,00011,000
Czech Republic1,323,00010,555,00012.5157,23376,000
Democratic Republic of Congo946,00082,243,0001.2161,10046,000
Denmark567,0005,712,0009.9124,12020,000
Djibouti28,000911,0003.119,8555,000
Dominica5,00073,0006.2-600
Dominican Republic795,00010,767,0007.4106,49546,000
Ecuador402,00016,626,0002.4253,66841,000
Egypt3,931,00095,215,0004.11,544,7501,530,000
El Salvador737,0006,167,00012.0127,84030,000
England and Wales2,731,00058,877,0004.6-28,000
Equatorial Guinea112,000894,00012.52,7602,000
Eritrea23,0005,482,0000.4668,55012,000
Estonia65,0001,306,0005.038,76018,000
Ethiopia377,000104,345,0000.4525,60079,000
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)2,0003,00062.1-30
Faroe Islands5,00049,0009.9-200
Fiji5,000903,0000.516,7002,000
Finland1,793,0005,541,00032.4475,03014,000
France12,732,00064,939,00019.6566,430497,000
French Guiana55,000283,00019.62,000
French Polynesia7,000289,0002.5-400
Gabon61,0001,801,0003.45,6404,000
Gambia137,0002,120,0006.51,0805,000
Georgia402,0003,973,00010.163,95041,000
Germany15,822,00080,636,00019.6483,016466,000
Ghana2,280,00028,657,0008.018,60028,000
Gibraltar1,00032,0004.1-600
Greece1,920,00010,893,00017.6642,51099,000
Greenland13,00056,00022.3300
Grenada5,000108,0004.61,000
Guadeloupe40,000472,0008.5-2,000
Guam20,000174,00011.5-500
Guatemala2,062,00017,005,00012.1160,60043,000
Guinea130,00013,291,0001.023,08013,000
Guinea-Bissau29,0001,933,0001.510,2604,000
Guyana122,000774,00015.810,8904,000
Haiti291,00010,983,0002.638015,000
Holy See01,0000.0-200
Honduras1,171,0008,305,00014.1107,72029,000
Hong Kong SAR, China265,0007,402,0003.6-28,000
Hungary1,023,0009,788,00010.5147,88017,000
Iceland106,000334,00031.7650590
India71,101,0001,342,513,0005.33,900,0001,700,000
Indonesia82,000263,510,0000.01,711,450429,000
Iran, Islamic Republic of5,890,00080,946,0007.33,333,55098,000
Iraq7,588,00038,654,00019.6611,00056,000
Ireland342,0004,749,0007.226,6363,000
Israel557,0008,323,0006.71,016,90041,000
Italy8,609,00059,798,00014.4502,960273,000
Jamaica246,0002,813,0008.88,68112,000
Japan377,000126,045,0000.3745,514252,000
Jordan1,473,0007,877,00018.7286,45060,000
Kazakhstan504,00018,064,0002.8375,69065,000
Kenya750,00048,467,0001.545,79051,527
Kiribati900116,0000.8-200
Korea, DPR (North)76,00025,405,0000.38,363,10076,000
Korea, Republic of (South)79,00050,705,0000.22,688,020115,000
Kosovo436,0001,831,00023.89,50021,000
Kuwait685,0004,100,00016.782,58011,000
Kyrgyzstan171,0006,125,0002.8145,01018,000
Lao, People's Democratic Republic215,0007,038,0003.0224,69021,000
Latvia205,0001,945,00010.527,93617,000
Lebanon1,927,0006,039,00031.9130,15041,000
Lesotho105,0002,185,0004.82,4005,000
Liberia97,0004,730,0002.12,5205,000
Libya851,0006,409,00013.3--
Liechtenstein11,00038,00028.8-200
Lithuania385,0002,831,00013.681,24017,000
Luxembourg110,000584,00018.92,3405,000
Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of621,0002,083,00029.829,53021,000
Madagascar168,00025,613,0000.725,32020,000
Malawi47,00018,299,0000.324,4808,400
Malaysia217,00031,164,0000.7428,170102,000
Maldives23,000376,0006.29,5003,000
Mali206,00018,690,0001.115,8003,000
Malta119,000421,00028.35,5471,637
Marshall Islands30053,0000.5-80
Martinique34,000396,0008.5-1,000
Mauritania120,0004,266,0002.822,82010,000
Mauritius106,0001,281,0008.34,84511,000
Mexico16,809,000130,223,00012.9895,285591,000
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.700106,0000.7-200
Moldova, Republic of121,0004,055,0003.098,60021,000
Monaco7,00038,00019.6-1,000
Mongolia242,0003,052,0007.9323,4007,000
Montenegro245,000626,00039.15,3968,000
Montserrat3005,0005.4-90
Morocco1,690,00035,241,0004.8588,02091,000
Mozambique1,337,00029,538,0004.560,00024,000
Myanmar877,00054,836,0001.6788,90076,000
Namibia396,0002,569,00015.411,88015,000
Nauru010,0000.0-60
Nepal444,00029,187,0001.5183,54062,000
Netherlands442,00017,033,0002.6108,67696,000
New Caledonia115,000270,00042.5-700
New Zealand1,212,0004,605,00026.338,28013,000
Nicaragua323,0006,218,0005.2261,8008,590
Niger117,00021,564,0000.511,11010,000
Nigeria6,154,000191,836,0003.2224,200362,400
Northern Ireland206,0001,873,00011.0-13,000
Northern Mariana Islands1,00056,0002.6-80
Norway1,537,0005,331,00028.8188,64613,000
Oman792,0004,741,00016.7118,36031,000
Pakistan43,917,000196,744,00022.32,315,480944,000
Palau10022,0000.5-30
Palestinian Territories56,0004,952,0001.144,41033,000
Panama436,0004,051,00010.8-30,000
Papua New Guinea79,0007,934,0001.07,2004,800
Paraguay1,140,0006,812,00016.7235,78021,000
Peru633,00032,166,0002.0473,400142,000
Philippines3,776,000103,797,0003.6454,700139,043
Poland968,00038,564,0002.5307,200188,000
Portugal2,186,00010,265,00021.3333,64089,000
Puerto Rico422,0003,679,00011.5-26,000
Puntland246,0001,995,00012.33,6008,000
Qatar390,0002,338,00016.730,6805,000
Réunion171,000873,00019.6-2,000
Romania506,00019,238,0002.6240,180251,000
Russian Federation17,620,000143,375,00012.330,272,9002,432,000
Rwanda66,00012,160,0000.566,50014,000
Saint Kitts and Nevis2,00057,0003.4-600
Saint Lucia6,000188,0003.4-1,000
Saint Martin (France)3,00032,0008.5-100
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines4,000110,0003.4-1,000
Samoa20,000196,00010.1-400
San Marino5,00032,00014.4-300
São Tomé and Principe7,000198,0003.4570100
Saudi Arabia5,468,00032,743,00016.7481,350214,000
Scotland305,0005,436,0005.6-2,000
Senegal323,00016,054,0002.016,3206,000
Serbia2,719,0006,946,00039.1384,42253,100
Seychelles4,00098,0004.1798200
Sierra Leone35,0006,733,0000.510,20012,000
Singapore20,0005,785,0000.3574,1409,000
Sint Maarten (Netherlands)2,00040,0004.2-300
Slovakia355,0005,432,0006.533,15043,000
Slovenia324,0002,071,00015.6131,68613,000
Solomon Islands1,000606,0000.2-70
Somalia1,145,0009,225,00012.437,6208,000
Somaliland456,0003,823,00011.923,7504,000
South Africa5,351,00055,436,0009.7350,636250,481
South Sudan1,255,00013,096,0009.6351,50042,000
Spain3,464,00046,070,0007.5333,660264,196
Sri Lanka494,00020,905,0002.4509,700134,000
Sudan2,768,00042,166,0006.6590,170129,000
Suriname88,000552,00015.95,9852,000
Swaziland64,0001,320,0004.85,7004,000
Sweden2,296,0009,921,00023.1139,18038,000
Switzerland2,332,0008,454,00027.6324,48434,000
Syrian Arab Republic1,547,00018,907,0008.2655,500124,000
Taiwan (Republic of China)10,00023,405,0000.02,022,15076,000
Tajikistan37,0008,858,0000.456,4909,000
Tanzania, United Republic of Africa427,00056,878,0000.8190,05037,000
Thailand10,342,00068,298,00015.11,052,815230,000
Timor-Leste (East Timor)3,0001,237,0000.32,5274,000
Togo58,0007,692,0000.812,8505,000
Tonga9,000108,0008.0-200
Trinidad and Tobago43,0001,369,0003.27,6959,000
Tunisia123,00011,495,0001.168,02073,000
Turkey13,249,00080,418,00016.51,390,180620,000
Turkmenistan23,0005,503,0000.4184,70027,000
Turks and Caicos Islands1,00035,0003.3-100
Tuvalu10010,0001.2-26
Uganda331,00041,653,0000.8116,66054,000
Ukraine4,396,00044,405,0009.96,600,000289,000
United Arab Emirates1,569,0009,398,00016.7163,80041,000
United Kingdom
Combined civilian, military and law enforcement numbers for (England and Wales), (Northern Ireland) & (Scotland).
3,242,00066,186,0004.9539,68043,000
United States of America393,347,000326,474,000120.54,535,3801,016,000
Uruguay1,198,0003,457,00034.762,13030,000
Uzbekistan127,00030,691,0000.4268,400150,000
Vanuatu11,000276,0003.9-350
Venezuela5,895,00031,926,00018.5353,300173,000
Vietnam1,562,00095,415,0001.63,829,200285,000
Virgin Islands (U.K.)30031,0000.8-500
Virgin Islands (U.S.)18,000107,00016.6-300
Yemen14,859,00028,120,00052.828,500-
Zambia158,00017,238,0000.941,04016,000
Zimbabwe455,00016,338,0002.891,58023,000

American gun ownership

American civilians own over 393 million guns. "Americans made up 4 percent of the world's population but owned about 46 percent of the entire global stock of 857 million civilian firearms."[15] That is three times as many guns as the combined stockpile of the world's armed forces.[16] American civilians own more guns "than those held by civilians in the other top 25 countries combined."[17]

"American civilians own nearly 100 times as many firearms as the U.S. military and nearly 400 times as many as law enforcement."[18] Americans bought more than 2 million guns in May 2018 alone.[18] That is more than twice as many guns, as possessed by every law enforcement agency in the United States put together.[18] In April and May 2018, Americans bought 4.7 million guns, which is more than all the firearms stockpiled by the United States military.[18] In 2017, Americans bought 25.2 million guns, 2.5 million more guns than possessed by every law enforcement agency in the world put together.[18] Between 2012 and 2017, Americans bought 135 million guns, that's 2 million more guns than the combined stockpile of all the world's armed forces.[18]

Criticism

The data offered by the Small Arms Survey has several times been denounced as misleading or incorrect. The best known case is the estimation of the number of firearms in Finland. The number was so high that nearly every Finnish family should have an illegal firearm at home (on top of all the legal ones) to be true. This number has since then kept popping up as the Small Arms Survey has not corrected it, despite the Finnish ministry of interior making a statement that the numbers are completely wrong.[19][20]

Another recent example is the inclusion of the misguided Portu operation in their report "From Legal to Lethal: Converted Firearms in Europe". On page 48 they mention it as a seizure involving thousands of readily convertible deactivated firearms, from a militaria store Cantabrico Militaria. However this whole operation was a dismal failure, as there was never a question of an illegal operation, and the owners were a few months later released and cleared of the charges. It is alleged it was a "marketing operation" which had no legal basis and no other purpose but to support the changes to the European firearms directive also known as the "EU Gun Ban". As such this case should not be mentioned in their research as it had nothing to do with illegal trade of firearms or unlawful conversion.[21]

Publications

The project's flagship publication is the Small Arms Survey, an annual review of global small arms issues such as production, stockpiles, brokering, legal and illicit arms transfers, the effects of small arms, and national, bilateral, and multilateral measures to deal with the problems associated with small arms.[22] Published by Cambridge University Press, it is recognized as the principal international source of impartial and reliable information on all aspects of small arms. It is widely used by policy-makers, government officials and non-governmental organizations.[23]

  • The Small Arms Survey 2007, titled Guns in the City.[24]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2009, titled Shadows of War.[25]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2010, titled Gangs, Groups, and Guns.[26]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2011, titled States of Security.[27]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2012, titled Moving Targets[28]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2013, titled Everyday Dangers[29]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2014, titled Women and Guns.[30]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2015, titled Weapons and the World.[31]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2018, titled Small Arms Survey reveals: More than one billion firearms in the world.[8]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2018, titled Estimating Global Civilian Held Firearms Numbers.[32][12]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2018, titled Estimating Global Military Owned Firearms Numbers.[33][13]
  • The Small Arms Survey 2018, titled Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.[34][14]

In addition to its annual yearbook, the Small Arms Survey publishes a wide range of periodical research findings. These include a Book Series, Occasional Papers, Special Reports, Working Papers, and short Issue Briefs and Research Notes.[31] These publications present substantial research findings on data, methodological, and conceptual issues related to small arms or detailed country and regional case studies. Most of these are published in hard copy and are also accessible on the project's web site.[2]

Further reading

See also

References

  1. "Home". Small Arms Survey. 2011-06-10. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  2. "Small Arms Survey | GPPlatform". Gpplatform.ch. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  3. "The Graduate Institute – Geneva; Small Arms Survey". Un-instraw.org. 2010-12-16. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  4. "Diplomatic initiatives". Eda.admin.ch. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  5. "HSBA for Sudan and South Sudan". www.smallarmssurveysudan.org. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  6. "Sudan Human Security Baseline Assessment – Empirical research & support of violence reduction initiatives". Smallarmssurveysudan.org. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  7. "Home". Small Arms Survey. 2013-07-25. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  8. "Small Arms Survey - Small Arms Survey reveals: More than one billion firearms in the world". www.smallarmssurvey.org. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  9. Estimating Global CivilianHELD Firearms Numbers. Aaron Karp. June 2018
  10. "Americans Own 46% of the World's 1 Billion Guns, Says U.N. Report". Time.com. June 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  11. June 2018, Estimating Global Civilian Held Firearms Numbers by Aaron Karp
  12. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/Weapons_and_Markets/Tools/Firearms_holdings/SAS-BP-Civilian-held-firearms-annexe.pdf
  13. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/Weapons_and_Markets/Tools/Firearms_holdings/SAS-BP-Military-owned-firearms-annexe.pdf
  14. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/Weapons_and_Markets/Tools/Firearms_holdings/SAS-BP-Law-enforcement-firearms-annexe.pdf
  15. The Washington Post. There are more guns than people in the United States, according to a new study of global firearm ownership. By Christopher Ingraham. June 19, 2018
  16. Estimating Global Military owned Firearms Numbers. By Aaron Karp June, 2018
  17. "Americans Own 46% of the World's 1 Billion Guns, Says U.N. Report". time.com. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  18. Gutowski, Stephen (21 June 2018). "Report: Nearly 400 Million Civilian-Owned Guns in America". freebeacon.com. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  19. "Oikaisu: Pääkirjoituksessa väärää tietoa aseiden määrästä". 29 March 2016.
  20. "Miksi "luotettava media" valehtelee asemääristä? - Mikko Niskasaari". www.mikkoniskasaari.fi.
  21. "Spain: the Cantabrico Militaria ordeal". gunsweek.com. 15 November 2017.
  22. "Yearbook". Small Arms Survey. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  23. "Small Arms Survey – Series". Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  24. "The largest civilian firearms arsenals for 178 countries" (PDF). Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  25. "The Graduate Institute, Geneva – Institutional News of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies". Graduateinstitute.ch. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  26. "2010". Small Arms Survey. 2011-05-05. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  27. "Small Arms Survey 2011 – Academic and Professional Books – Cambridge University Press". Cambridge.org. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  28. "Small Arms Survey 2012 – Academic and Professional Books – Cambridge University Press". Cambridge.org. Retrieved 2012-11-26.
  29. "2013". Small Arms Survey. 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  30. "Small Arms Survey 2014". Small Arms Survey. 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
  31. "By type". Small Arms Survey. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  32. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/T-Briefing-Papers/SAS-BP-Civilian-Firearms-Numbers.pdf
  33. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/T-Briefing-Papers/SAS-BP-Military-Firearms-Numbers.pdf
  34. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/T-Briefing-Papers/SAS-BP-Law-Enforcement-Firearms-Numbers.pdf
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.