The slide trumpet is a type of trumpet that is fitted with a slide much like a trombone. Eventually, the slide trumpet evolved into the sackbut, which evolved into the modern-day trombone. The key difference between these two instruments is that the slide trumpet possesses only a single slide joint, rather than the double slide joint of the sackbut / trombone.
The slide trumpet grew out of the war trumpet as used and developed in Western and Central Europe: Don Smithers in The Music and History of the Baroque Trumpet before 1721 , argues that the slide grew out of the detachable leadpipe, and separated the use of the trumpet as a dance instrument from the trumpet as a signaling device in war.
There are several types of slide trumpet of different places and eras.
Renaissance slide trumpet
As no instruments from this period are known to survive, the details – and even the existence – of a Renaissance slide trumpet is a matter of some conjecture, and there continues to be some debate among scholars.
- Patrick Tröster (2004). "More about Renaissance Slide Trumpets: Fact or Fiction?". Early Music. Oxford University Press. 32 (2). Archived from the original on September 22, 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2008.
- Martin Lessen (1997). "The Last Trumpet: A History of the English Slide Trumpet by Art Brownlow (review)". Notes. Second Series. 54 (2): 484–85. doi:10.2307/899543. JSTOR 899543.
- Brownlow, James Arthur (1996). The Last Trumpet: A History of the English Slide Trumpet. Stuyvesant, New York: Pendragon Press. ISBN 9780945193814.
- Smithers, Don Leroy. The Music and History of the Baroque Trumpet before 1721. London: Dent, 1973 (second edition Buren, The Netherlands and Carbondale, USA: , 1988)
- Tarr, Edward R. "Slide Trumpet". Grove Music Online (subscription required). ed. L. Macy. Retrieved on April 6, 2008.