Six World Trade Center
Six World Trade Center was an eight-story building in Lower Manhattan in New York City. It opened in 1973 and was the building in the World Trade Center complex that had the fewest stories. The building served as the U.S. Customs House for New York. It was destroyed in 2001 due to the collapse of the North Tower during the September 11 attacks; it is not set to be replaced as part of the new World Trade Center.
|Six World Trade Center|
Southwest corner of Six World Trade Center after the September 11 attacks
|Alternative names||6 WTC|
|Town or city||New York City|
|Construction started||c. 1970|
|Completed||April 4, 1973|
|Demolished||September 11, 2001|
|Owner||Port Authority of New York and New Jersey|
|Height||93.28 ft (28 m)|
|Floor area||537,693 sq ft (49,953 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Yamasaki & Associates|
Emery Roth & Sons
|Structural engineer||Leslie E. Robertson Associates|
|Main contractor||Tishman Construction|
Original building (1973–2001)
Six World Trade Center was first proposed in 1968 as part of the original World Trade Center complex. The building was designed by Emery Roth & Sons, along with Yamasaki Associates. Construction was completed in 1973. The original Six World Trade Center was home to the U.S. Customs Service for the state of New York, from 1974 to 2001. It was a 537,693-square-foot (49,953-square-meter), eight-story building, the shortest in the World Trade Center complex. From the Austin J. Tobin Plaza level, on which the main structure was built, it had a height of 92 feet (28 m) but was 105 feet (32 m) above the actual ground level. It was demolished following the destruction of the World Trade Center during the September 11 attacks, when 10 al-Qaeda participants hijacked American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, crashing them into the Twin Towers. After burning for less than two hours, both 110-story towers collapsed. The collapse of the North Tower destroyed Six World Trade Center beyond repair, and the remnants of the building were pulled down using cables.
- Internal Revenue Service Inspection Service (Internal Affairs)
- United States Customs Service
- United States Department of Commerce
- Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
- United States Department of Agriculture – Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (AAPHIS)
- United States Department of Labor
- The Peace Corps (New York Regional Office)
- Export-Import Bank of the United States
- Eastco Building Services (building management)
After September 11 and cleanup (2001–present)
The building's ruins were demolished to make way for reconstruction of the current World Trade Center site. AMEC Construction handled the demolition, in which the building was weakened and then pulled down with cables. The new One World Trade Center stands at the site where Six World Trade Center originally stood.
- The New York Times. "A Nation Challenged: The Site." October 13, 2001.
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