Sivas Province

Sivas Province (Turkish: Sivas İli), (Kurdish: Sêwas) is a province of Turkey. It is largely located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolia region of Turkey; it is the second largest province in Turkey by territory. Its adjacent provinces are Yozgat to the west, Kayseri to the southwest, Kahramanmaraş to the south, Malatya to the southeast, Erzincan to the east, Giresun to the northeast, and Ordu to the north. Its capital is Sivas.

Sivas Province
Location of Sivas Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionCentral Anatolia
SubregionKayseri
Government
  Electoral districtSivas
Area
  Total28,488 km2 (10,999 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
  Total646,608
  Density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Area code(s)0346
Vehicle registration58

The majority of Sivas Province shares the climate of the Central Anatolian Region, in which the summer seasons are hot and dry, while winter seasons are cold and snowy. However, the northern part of the province shares the Black Sea climate, while the eastern portion shares the climate of the Eastern Anatolian higher region.

This province is noted for its thermal springs.

Districts

Sivas province is divided into 17 districts (capital district in bold):

History

The route of the Silk Road and the Persian Royal Road run through Sivas.

According to the written historical sources, the region of Sivas province was first inhabited during the period of the Hittite civilization by the beginning of 2000 BC and became an important settlement. The region then encountered the reign of Armenian, Roman, Byzantine, Seljukian, and Ottoman civilizations.

The foundations of the modern Turkish Republic were laid in the Sivas Congress assembled on 4 September 1919, during the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, thus making the province of Sivas important to the history of the Turkish nation.

Economy

Historically, the province produced alum, copper, silver, iron, coal, asbestos, arsenic, and salt.[2] Alfalfa was also produced in the area.[3]

References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. pp. 74–75.
  3. Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 63.

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