Siris (goddess)

The Mesopotamian goddess Siris was the patron of beer who is conceived of as a demon, which is not necessarily evil. She is said to be the daughter of the goddess Ninkasi.[1][2][3]

Although beer as we know it had its origins in Mesopotamia, fermented beverages quickly spread around the world from Mesopotamia as the drink was shared with kings and rulers.

Siris is considered the mother of Zu; a large bird that can breathe fire and water.[4][5]


  1. Douglas B. Miller; R. Mark Shipp (1996). An Akkadian Handbook. Eisenbrauns. p. 65. ISBN 0931464862.
  2. Beth Alpert Nakhai (2008). The World of Women in the Ancient and Classical Near East. Cambridge Scholars. p. 51. ISBN 1443800309.
  3. Stephen Langdon (1917). Sumerian liturgical texts. University Museum. p. 144.
  4. Frederick Augustus Vanderburgh (1966). Sumerian Hymns from Cuneiform Texts in the British Museum. AMS Press. p. 60.
  5. A. H. Sayce (2005). The Hibbert Lectures, 1887: Lectures on the Origin and Growth of Religion. Cosimo, Inc. pp. 295–296.

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