Sir William Hart Dyke, 7th Baronet

Sir William Hart Dyke, 7th Baronet PC, DL, JP (7 August 1837 – 3 July 1931) was an English Conservative politician and tennis pioneer.

Sir William Hart Dyke

Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
25 June 1885  23 January 1886
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byHenry Campbell-Bannerman
Succeeded byWilliam Henry Smith
Personal details
Born7 August 1837 (1837-08-07)
Died3 July 1931 (1931-07-04) (aged 93)
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Lady Emily Montague
(d. 1931)
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Background and education

The second son of Sir Percival Hart Dyke, 6th Baronet and Elizabeth Wells, Hart Dyke was educated at Windlesham House School, Harrow School and Christ Church, Oxford.[1] He graduated M.A. in 1864.[2] He was described as "one of the best amateur rackets players of his day". In 1862, won the Rackets World Championships from a professional player (Francis Erwood) at the Prince's Club, which was the former headquarters of rackets.[3] In 1873 he played lawn tennis in a significant early match with John Moyer Heathcote and Julian Marshall at his home of Lullingstone Castle. In 1875 with Heathcote he was a member of the Marylebone Cricket Club committee that framed the original set of rules for tennis.[4]

Political career

Hart Dyke was Conservative Member of Parliament for West Kent between 1865 and 1868, for Mid Kent between 1868 and 1885 and for Dartford between 1885 and 1906. He was a Conservative whip from 1868 to 1874, and held ministerial office under Benjamin Disraeli as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury from 1874–1880 and under Lord Salisbury as Chief Secretary for Ireland from 1885 to 1886 and as Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education from 1887 to 1892. He succeeded father to the baronetcy in 1875, and was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1880.[2]


Hart Dyke married Lady Emily Caroline Montague, daughter of the 7th Earl of Sandwich, in 1870. He died in July 1931, aged 93, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his fourth and only surviving son, Oliver. Oliver was married to Zoe Dyke who farmed silk worms.[4] The elder Lady Hart Dyke only survived her husband by a month and died in August 1931.[5]


  1. Malden, Henry C. (1902). Muster Roll. Windlesham House, Brighton. A.D. 1837 to 1902 (2nd ed.). Brighton: H. & C. Treacher.
  2. E. I. Carlyle, ‘Dyke, Sir William Hart, seventh baronet (1837–1931)’, rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 12 July 2017
  3. ""Rackets." Times [London, England] 5 Apr. 1913". Times Digital Archive.
  4. John Martin, ‘Dyke , (Millicent) Zoë, Lady Dyke (1896–1975)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Oct 2007 accessed 12 July 2017
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Viscount Holmesdale
Sir Edmund Filmer, Bt
Member of Parliament for West Kent
With: Viscount Holmesdale
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Mills
John Gilbert Talbot
New constituency Member of Parliament for Mid Kent
With: Viscount Holmesdale 1868–1880
Sir Edmund Filmer, Bt 1880–1884
John Stewart Gathorne-Hardy 1884–1885
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Dartford
Succeeded by
James Rowlands
Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur Wellesley Peel
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Lord Richard Grosvenor
Preceded by
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Chief Secretary for Ireland
Succeeded by
William Henry Smith
Preceded by
Henry Holland
Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education
Succeeded by
Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Percival Hart Dyke
(of Horeham)
Succeeded by
Oliver Hart Dyke
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.