Sir John Barran, 1st Baronet

Sir John Barran, 1st Baronet (3 August 1821 – 3 May 1905) was a British clothing manufacturer and Liberal Party politician.

Public life

Barran was the son of John Barran and his wife Elizabeth (née Fletcher), and founded the firm of John Barran and Sons, clothing manufacturers, of Leeds. He was a Justice of the Peace for Leeds and the West Riding of Yorkshire and served as Mayor of Leeds from 1870 to 1871. In 1876 he was returned to Parliament as one of three representatives for Leeds, a seat he held until 1885, and later sat for Otley from 1886 to 1895. The latter year he was created a baronet, of Chapel Allerton Hall in Chapel Allerton in the West Riding of the County of York and Queen's Gate, St Mary Abbots parish, in Kensington in the County of London.

Family life

Barran married Ann Hirst (died 1874) in 1842. He married secondly, to Eliza Bilton, née Brown, in 1878. He had six sons and four daughters. His youngest son Rowland also became a Member of Parliament. Barran died in May 1905, aged 83, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his grandson John, his eldest son John Barran having predeceased him.

Clothing manufacture

John Barran was a pioneer in the manufacture of ready-to-wear clothing. He moved to Leeds in 1842, and soon opened his own tailoring shop at 30 Bridge End South. By 1851 he had moved to Briggate and in 1856 he had a factory with 20-30 sewing machines. After seeing a bandsaw being used to cut wood veneers in 1858 he introduced its use for cutting cloth, a major innovation. By the 1870s he had 2,000 machines, and in 1904 he employed 3,000 people.

His son Charles took over as chairman of the company in 1903, and another son Rowland became chairman in 1918.

St Pauls House, Leeds in Park Square, Leeds was built as a warehouse for Barran in 1878. It was designed by Thomas Ambler, and is in Moorish style.

Notes

    References

    • D. T. Jenkins (2004). "Barran family (per. c.1842–1952)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
    • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,
    • Leigh Rayment's list of baronets
    • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
    • Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage.
    Parliament of the United Kingdom
    Preceded by
    Robert Meek Carter
    William St James Wheelhouse
    Robert Tennant
    Member of Parliament for Leeds
    1876 – 1885
    With: William St James Wheelhouse 1876–1880
    Robert Tennant 1876–1880
    William Ewart Gladstone 1880
    William Jackson 1880–1885
    Herbert Gladstone 1880–1885
    Constituency abolished
    Preceded by
    Sir Andrew Fairbairn
    Member of Parliament for Otley
    1886 – 1895
    Succeeded by
    Marmaduke D'Arcy Wyvill
    Baronetage of the United Kingdom
    New creation Baronet
    (of Chapel Allerton Hall and Queen's Gate)
    1895 – 1905
    Succeeded by
    John Barran

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