Sir Francis Dashwood, 1st Baronet
Sir Francis Dashwood, 1st Baronet (c. 1658 – 4 November 1724), of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate, London, and West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, was a British merchant, landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1708 to 1713.
Francis Dashwood was the third son of Francis Dashwood and his wife Alice Sleigh, daughter of Richard Sleigh of Derbyshire. His father was a merchant trading with the country of Turkey, and an Alderman of London. Dashwood and his brother Samuel joined their father's business early and became leading silk importers. Dashwwod married Mary Jennings daughter of John Jennings of St Margaret’s, Westminster, by licence dated 13 April 1683 and thereby improved his financial prospects. She died in 1694 and on 30 May 1705, he married as his second wife Lady Mary Fane (1676 – 19 August 1710), daughter of Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland. After the death of Mary in 1710, he married as his third wife Mary King on 17 June 1712. She died in 1717.
Dashwood became a Freeman of the Vintners' Company in 1680. He was able to loan the government £1,000 in March 1690 and to establish a residence at Wanstead Essex. He was an assistant of the Royal African Company for the years 1693 to 1695, 1697 to 1700, 1704, 1706 to 1707 and 1709 to 1712. He was a director of the Old East India Company from 1700 to 1702, 1703 to 1705 and 1707 to 1709, and became manager of the united trade company from 1707 to 1708. In 1698, the Dashwood brothers were able to invest £15,000 to buy the estate of West Wycombe from their brother-in-law Thomas Lewis. Francis Dashwood eventually bought out his brothers' share. Samuel Dashwood was Lord Mayor of London in 1702 and at the inauguration, Francis was knighted by Queen Anne. He was created baronet of West Wycombe on 28 June 1707. In 1712, he was upper warden of the Vintner's Company.
Dashwood was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Winchelsea at the 1708 British general election. There was confusion about Dashwood's political inclinations, but he acted as a Whig in voting for the naturalization of the Palatines in February 1709, and supporting the impeachment of Dr Sacheverell in 1710. He also signed an address of the London lieutenancy attacking outrages committed by High Church mobs. He was returned for Winchelsea again at the 1710 British general election and voted against the French commerce bill on 18 June 1713. He did not stand at the 1713 British general election.
Later life and legacy
In about 1720, Dashwood bought the Buckinghamshire manor of Halton, and spent lavishly to beautify the manor-house and to embellish his home at West Wycombe. He married on 21 July 1720, his fourth and final wife Lady Elizabeth Windsor (died 1736), daughter of Thomas Hickman-Windsor, 1st Earl of Plymouth. He died at his town-house in Hanover Square on 4 November 1724 and was buried at Wycombe. His personal estate was valued at over £34,000.
By his first wife Dashwood had a son who predeceased him and two daughters.
- Mary Dashwood, married Sir Fulwar Skipwith, 2nd Baronet in 1703
- Susanna Dashwood (c. 1685 – 4 September 1747), married Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 2nd Baronet
By his second wife he had a son and daughter.
- Rachel Dashwood (c. 1706 – 16 May 1788), married Sir Robert Austen, 4th Baronet in 1738
- Francis Dashwood, 11th Baron le Despencer, married Lady Sarah Ellys, died without issue
By his third wife he had two sons and two daughters, one of whom predeceased him.
- Henrietta Dashwood, died unmarried
- Mary Dashwood, married John Walcott in 1732
- Sir John Dashwood-King, 3rd Baronet, who succeeded his half-brother Lord Le Despencer as 3rd baronet
- Charles Dashwood (born 4 November 1717), died unmarried
He had no children by his fourth wife.
- Cokayne, George Edward, ed. (1906), Complete Baronetage volume 5 (1707–1800), 5, Exeter: William Pollard and Co, retrieved 22 August 2019
- "DASHWOOD, Sir Francis, 1st Bt. (c.1658-1724), of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate, London, and West Wycombe, Bucks". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
- Dashwood, Sir Francis (1987). The Dashwoods of West Wycombe. London: Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 0-948149-77-9.
- Woodland, Patrick (2004). "Dashwood, Francis, eleventh Baron Le Despencer (1708–1781)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7179.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Winchelsea
With: George Dodington 1708
Robert Bristow 1708–1713
|Baronetage of Great Britain|
|New creation|| Baronet
(of West Wycombe)