In linguistics, a simulfix is a type of affix that changes one or more existing phonemes (usually vowels) in order to modify the meaning of a morpheme.[1]

Examples of simulfixes in English are generally considered irregularities, all of which left over from pluralization rules that existed before the Great Vowel Shift. They include:

  • manmen, womanwomen
  • louselice, mousemice
  • footfeet, toothteeth

The transfixes of the Semitic languages may be considered a form of discontinuous simulfix.

In Indonesian language, simulfix productively occurs in ngopi, nyapu, nyuci, nongkrong, macul as verbs from the base kopi, sapu, cuci, tongkrong, pacul as nouns.

See also


  1. "Simulfix". SIL Glossary of Linguistic Terms. 2015-12-03. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
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