Sikhism in Scotland

Sikhism in Scotland includes all aspects of Sikh life and Sikhism in Scotland. Sikhs have been present in Scotland for over a century, with the first documented Sikh, Maharaja Daleep Singh, arriving in Perthshire in 1855. The next wave of migration was in early-to-mid 1920s when prominent Sikhs of the Bhat/Bhatra community established themselves in Glasgow and Edinburgh. However, the bulk of Sikhs in Scotland come from families who immigrated during the late 20th century. In Scotland Sikhs represent 0.2% of the population (9,055).[1]


The first documented Sikh in Scotland was Maharajah Duleep Singh, who moved to Scotland in 1854, taking up residence at the Grandtully estate in Perthshire.[2] According to the Scottish Sikh Association, the first Sikhs settled in Glasgow in the early 1920s with the first Gurdwara established in South Portland Street.[3] However, the bulk of Sikhs in Scotland come from families who immigrated during the late 20th century.

21st century

According to the 2011 Census, 0.2% of Scotland's population identifies Sikhism as their religion.[1] Glasgow is the area with the most significant Sikh population in the country. Of the seven Gurdwaras in Scotland, four are in Glasgow, one in Edinburgh, one in Dundee and one in Irvine. Plans are also in place to open a Gurdwara in Aberdeen.[4]


Scottish Sikhs have their own tartan,[5] and can be seen wearing kilts made from the material.[6][7]

Gurdwaras in Scotland

  • Guru Nanak Gurdwara[8], Dundee
  • Guru Nanak Gurdwara[9], Edinburgh
  • Guru Nanak Gurdwara[10], Glasgow (West End)
  • Central Gurdwara Singh Sabha[11], Glasgow (Central)
  • Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Gurdwara[12], Glasgow (South Side)
  • Gurdwara Guru Granth Sahib Sikh Sabha[13], Glasgow (South Side)
  • Guru Nanak Gurdwara Irvine[14], Irvine

Notable Scottish Sikhs

See also


  1. "Scotland's Census 2011 – Table KS209SCb" (PDF). Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  2. On the trail of the Sikh heritage BBC News, 30 September 2008
  3. Introduction, accessed 13 January 2009
  4., accessed 20 February 2013
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2008-12-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Scotland's minorities adopt the kilt
  7. Dundee Gurdwara
  8. Edinburgh Gurdwara
  9. Otago Street Gurdwara
  10. Central Gurdwara Singh Sabha
  11. St. Andrews Drive Gurudwara
  12. Glasgow Gurdwara
  13. Guru Nanak Gurdwara Irvine
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