Siege of Malacca (1568)
A Siege of Malacca occurred in 1568, when the Sultan of Aceh Alauddin attacked the Portuguese-held city of Malacca. The city had been held by the Portuguese since its conquest by Afonso de Albuquerque in 1511.
|Siege of Malacca|
1630 map of the Portuguese fort and the city of Malacca.
Sultanate of Johor
|Commanders and leaders|
|Leonis Pereira||Alauddin al-Kahar|
|A few hundred men||
400 Ottoman gunners
|Casualties and losses|
3000 deadSeveral more wounded
The offensive was the result of a pan-Islamic alliance to try to repel the Portuguese from Malacca and the coasts of India. The Ottomans supplied cannonneers to the alliance, but were unable to provide more due to the ongoing invasion of Cyprus and an uprising in Aden.
The city of Malacca was successfully defended by Dom Leonis Pereira, who was supported by the king of Johore.
- Crusaders in the Far East Charles Truxillo p.66
- "In 1568 Sultan Alaal-Din of Acheh assembled a huge fleet, with 15000 troops and Turkish mercenaries, and besieged Malacca. Aided by Johore, Dom Leonis Pereira drove off the siege, but Achinese attacks continued for many years." in Dictionary of Battles and Sieges by Tony Jaques p.620
- Of fortresses and galleys Pierre-Yves Mandrin
- By the sword and the cross Charles A. Truxillo p.59
- Tony Jaques (1 January 2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 620–. ISBN 978-0-313-33538-9.
- J. M. Barwise; Nicholas J. White (2002). A Traveller's History of Southeast Asia. Interlink Books. pp. 110–. ISBN 978-1-56656-439-7.
- Merle Calvin Ricklefs (2001). A History of Modern Indonesia Since C. 1200. Stanford University Press. pp. 36–. ISBN 978-0-8047-4480-5.