Sicilian Regional Assembly

The Sicilian Regional Assembly is the legislative body of Sicily. While it has a long history as an autonomous entity, the modern Region of Sicily was established by Royal Decree on 15 May 1946, before the Italian Republic. The Regional Assembly has the widest legislative power in Italy and is the only regional assembly to have the title of "parliament" whose members are called "deputies" like those in Rome. Seventy deputies are elected every five years in the nine provinces.[1]

Sicilian Regional Assembly

Assemblea Regionale Siciliana
16th Legislature
Type
Type
History
Founded25 May 1947
Leadership
President
Gianfranco Miccichè, FI
since 5 November 2017
Structure
Seats70
Political groups
Government (37)

Opposition (32)

Vacant (1)

  •      Vacant (1)
Elections
Last election
5 November 2017
Meeting place
Sala d'Ercole, Palazzo dei Normanni, Palermo
Website
ars.sicilia.it

History

The Sicilian Parliament is arguably considered the oldest parliament in the world[2][3] (together with that Icelandic[4] and faroese,[5] which, however, had no decision-making powers, a fact which makes the Sicilian Parliament the first in the modern sense). In 1097 came the first conference in Mazara del Vallo convened by Roger I the Great Count of a parliament initially travelling.

Since 1130 the House seat is the Palazzo dei Normanni in Palermo.

The election of a democratic Parliament came at the end of World War II, when for the vast defuse separatist movement in Sicily, was granted special autonomy and was reborn, 25 May 1947, as the Sicilian Regional Assembly. In 1997 the Assembly celebrated its 900th anniversary as the first assembly was convened in 1097. On 26 January 2008, for the first time in republican history, the Assembly is dissolved by the resignation of President Salvatore Cuffaro of the region.

Seat

The Assembly has its seat in the prestigious Palazzo Reale in Palermo. It was constructed in the 11th century with the Norman conquest of Sicily and has seen several expansion and renovation operations. It hosted the kings of Sicily, including Frederick II of Swabia, and later the viceroy of Spain. Adjacent is the Palatine Chapel. The tourist services in the Palace and the Palatine Chapel are entrusted to the Foundation Frederick II.

Composition

The Assembly is composed of seventy deputies elected by direct universal suffrage every five years by voters in Sicily. Until 2017, the members were 90. From 25 May 1947 to now there were XVII legislatures, initially for a period of four years, while in 1971 five years. For the first time the XIV^ legislature ended prematurely in 2008 due to the resignation of the President of the region, Salvatore Cuffaro. The actual electoral mechanism, which includes a barrier of 5% of the list, provide for the provincial colleges of 62 members plus the president-elect and a candidate for president most votes among the non-elect. The remaining six seats are allocated to the majority share to reach 42 members.

Political groups

The Sicilian Regional Assembly is currently composed of the following political groups:[6]

Party Seats Government
Five Star Movement
19 / 70
In opposition
Forza Italia
11 / 70
In government
Democratic Party
8 / 70
In opposition
Diventerà Bellissima
6 / 70
In government
Union of Christian and Centre Democrats
6 / 70
In government
Populars and Autonomists – Idea Sicilia
5 / 70
In government
Brothers of Italy
4 / 70
In government
Now Sicily
4 / 70
In government
S.F. Italia Viva
4 / 70
In opposition
Mixed Group
2 / 70
In government

Presidents (1947–present)

No. Name Legislature Term of office Party
1 Ettore Cipolla I 1947 1951 FUQ
2 Giulio Bonfiglio II 1951 1955 DC
3 Giuseppe La Loggia III 1955 1956 DC
4 Giuseppe Alessi 1956 1959 DC
5 Ferdinando Stagno D'Alcontres IV 1959 1963 DC
6 Rosario Lanza V 1963 1967 DC
VI 1967 1971
7 Angelo Bonfiglio VII 1971 1974 DC
8 Mario Fasino 1974 1976 DC
9 Pancrazio De Pasquale VIII 1976 1979 PCI
10 Michelangelo Russo 1979 1981 PCI
11 Salvatore Lauricella IX 1981 1986 PSI
X 1986 1991
12 Paolo Piccione XI 1991 1993 PSI
13 Angelo Capitummino 1993 1996 DC
14 Nicola Cristaldi XII 1996 2001 AN
15 Guido Lo Porto XIII 2001 2006 AN
16 Gianfranco Micciché XIV 2006 2008 FI
17 Francesco Cascio XV 2008 2012 PdL
18 Giovanni Ardizzone XVI 2012 2017 UDC
(16) Gianfranco Micciché XVII 2017 Incumbent FI
Source: Assemblea Regionale Siciliana – I Presidenti dell'Assemblea

See also

References

  1. Regleg. Sicily. EU political regions.
  2. "Storia del Parlamento - Il Parlamento".
  3. Enzo Gancitano, Mazara dopo i Musulmani fino alle Signorie - Dal Vescovado all'Inquisizione, Angelo Mazzotta Editore, 2001, p. 30.
  4. "Hurstwic: Viking-age Laws and Legal Procedures".
  5. "The Faroese Parliament" (PDF).
  6. "Gruppi Parlamentari | ARS". www.ars.sicilia.it (in Italian). Retrieved 4 July 2019.

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