Shvetsov M-25

The Shvetsov M-25 was an aircraft radial engine produced in the Soviet Union (USSR) in the 1930s and 1940s, a licensed production variant of the Wright R-1820-F3.

Type Radial engine
Manufacturer Shvetsov
Number built 13,888
Developed from Wright R-1820
Developed into Shvetsov ASh-62

Design and development

The first M-25s were produced from kits imported from the United States; the main difference between the later M-25 and the R-1820-F3 was the use of metric components. 13,888 M-25s were produced in the USSR at factories in Perm and Kazan. There were a number of sub-variants which differed from the original M-25 in that they had reduction gears, rather than direct drive. Performance was similar to the equivalent Wright engines. The M-25 was later developed into the ASh-62 and was later used as a pattern for the M-70. The M-70, a twin-row 18-cylinder engine, eventually developed into the ASh-73 which powered the Tupolev Tu-4, a reverse-engineered copy of the Boeing B-29.


Specifications (Shvetsov M-25)

General characteristics


  • Supercharger: Single speed, single stage, geared centrifugal supercharger
  • Fuel system: 1 K-25 (Solex) Carburetor


See also

Related development

Related lists


  • Gunston, Bill (1986). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens. p. 175.
  • Kotelnikov, Vladimir (2005). Russian Piston Aero Engines. Crowood Press Ltd. pp. 118–119.
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