The Shvetsov ASh-62 (Russian: АШ-62, designated M-62 before 1941) is a nine-cylinder, air-cooled, radial aircraft engine produced in the Soviet Union. A version of this engine is produced in Poland as the ASz-62 and the People's Republic of China as the HS-5.
|Shvetsov ASh-62 installed in a Lisunov Li-2 (Cowling removed).|
|Major applications||Antonov An-2, Polikarpov I-153, Polikarpov I-16, Lisunov Li-2|
|Developed from||Shvetsov M-25|
|Developed into||Shvetsov ASh-82|
Design and development
The ASh-62 was a development of the Wright R-1820 Cyclone that had been built in Russia under licence as the Shvetsov M-25, the main improvements including a two-speed supercharger and a more efficient induction system. Power was increased from the Cyclone's 775 hp to 1,000 hp. First run in 1937, licensed versions are still in production by WSK "PZL-Kalisz" in Poland (as of 2017). The Ash-62 was also produced in China. It is estimated that 40,361 were produced in the USSR.
Polish-built ASz-62IR engines (Polish transcription of Russian name), by WSK "PZL-Kalisz" in Kalisz, are compatible with FAR-33 requirements. Further developments in Poland are the K9-AA, K9-BA and K9-BB engines, with take-off power of 1178 hp (860 kW), indicated power 698 kW. From 2015 the ASz-62IR-16E was produced with electronic fuel injection, offering greater power and the possibility of running on commercial automotive fuel.
The M-63 was an improved version of the M-62 with the power output increased to 821 kW (1,100 hp) at 2,300 rpm for takeoff and 671 kW (900 hp) at 2,200 rpm at 4,500 m (14,764 ft) due to a higher compression ratio of 7.2:1 and a higher redline.
- Type: Nine-cylinder single-row supercharged air-cooled radial engine
- Bore: 156 mm (6.12 in)
- Stroke: 175 mm (6.87 in)
- Displacement: 29.8 l (1,819 in³)
- Length: 1,213 mm (47.76 in)
- Diameter: 1,378 mm (54.25 in)
- Dry weight: 560kg (1,235 lb)
- Valvetrain: Overhead valves
- Supercharger: Two-speed centrifugal type supercharger
- Fuel system: Carburetor
- Fuel type: 92 RON, 87 (R+M)/2 (AKI) octane rating gasoline
- Cooling system: Air-cooled
- Gruszczyński, Jerzy. W pierwszej lidze dostawców, "Lotnictwo Aviation International" Nr. 9/2017, p. 34-37 (in Polish)
- Liss 1966, p. 9
- Gunston, Bill (1986). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens. p. 154.
- Russian Aviation Museum
- Venik's Aviation
- Kotelnikov, Vladimir (2005). Russian Piston Aero Engines. Crowood Press Ltd. pp. 119–122.
- Liss, Witold (1966). The Polikarpov I-16 (Aircraft in Profile Number 122). Profile Publications Ltd.
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