Shiyan (Chinese: 十堰; pinyin: Shíyàn) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Hubei province, China, bordering Henan to the northeast, Chongqing to the southwest, and Shaanxi to the north and west. At the 2010 census, its population was 3,340,841 of whom 767,920 lived in the built-up urban districts of Maojian and Zhangwan on 1,193 square kilometres (461 square miles). In 2007, the city was named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum.[2]

Not to be confused with Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi, about 250 km (160 mi) to the northwest

Shiyan Railway Station
Location of Shiyan City jurisdiction in Hubei
Location of the city centre in Hubei
Coordinates (Shiyan government): 32°37′44″N 110°47′55″E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions8
Municipal seatMaojian District
  CPC SecretaryChen Tianhui (陈天会)
  MayorZhang Siyi (张嗣义)
  Total1,022 km2 (395 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,640 m (5,380 ft)
 (2010 census[1])
  Density3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code

(Urban center) 442100-442300, 442500-442700

(Other areas)
Area code(s)719
ISO 3166 codeCN-HB-03
License Plate鄂C
Camphor Laurel

Cinnamomum camphora L. Sieb. Southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora L.Blossom of pomegranate Punica granatum L. Chinese Rose

Rosa chinensis


The Wudang Mountains run approximately east–west through the territory of the "Prefecture-level city" of Shiyan, crossing several of its county-level divisions. The peak commonly referred to as "Wudang Mountain", or in Mandarin Wudangshan, is one of the most important cultural centres of the Taoist faith. The surrounding areas are dotted with up to 200 Taoist monastic temples and religious sites. The main attraction in this area, and also one of the most sacred Taoist sites, which forms an important stop for mainly Chinese tourists bound there, with up to twenty bus loads of visitors per day at peak times is Wudangshan Jiedao of the Danjiangkou county-level city.


The prefecture-level city of Shiyan administers 8 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 4 counties.[3][4][5]

The main urban area of the prefecture-level city of Shiyan is in Maojian District; it is typically labeled on maps simply as "Shiyan".

This area is subject to major change as part of the South to North water diversion project of the Han River. Certain areas will see an increase of up to 5 meters in water level to create a new reservoir to serve Beijing and Tianjin as a part of this major water diversion project.



Shiyan is one of the most important centers of automobile industry in China, with Dongfeng, the premier Chinese truck, bus, and heavy goods vehicle as a major employer. It is also labeled as the 'Detroit' of China, given this focus on automobile manufacture.

Before 1949, it was a small village, which grew after the founding of the People's Republic of China. In 1967, teams of workers and engineers were first sent to Shiyan in order to survey sites for automotive plants and factories as part of the Third Front Construction plan. At this time, the population of Shiyan was only a few hundred. Chairman Mao chose Shiyan as the site for China's automobile industry because the surrounding mountains and relative inaccessibility could act as a barrier against foreign attacks.



Shiyan is located on the Xiangyu Railway between Xiangyang and Chongqing. Construction on a railway between Shiyan and Yichang is scheduled to begin construction in 2009.[6]

The Shiyan-Hankou HSR have completed track paving by June 2019[7] and is scheduled to open by December 2019, cutting trip time to below 1 hour 50 minutes one-way.[8] Plans to extend to Xi'an is included.



Shiyan Wudangshan Airport (IATA: WDS, ICAO: ZHSY) is the airport serving the city of Shiyan, located 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city center and 20 km (12 mi) from Wudangshan, the World Heritage Site after which it is named. A total area of 16400 square meters; a total of one runway with a length of 2600 meters; 7 stops (2 helicopters); and an annual passenger throughput of 1.2 million passengers

Shiyan Wudangshan Airport starts to work in February, 2016. Until April 2019, there are total 17 fixed routes, navigating to 26 cities.

Sister city

Shiyan has been a sister city of Craiova, Romania, since December 1999.


  2. "China's Top 10 Most Livable Cities". Hunan Loudi Official Government. 2012-03-28. Archived from the original on 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2014-08-04.
  3. 十堰市历史沿革 [Yichang City Historical Development] (in Chinese). 25 September 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2018. 2004年末,全市总面积23301平方千米{...}2010年第六次人口普查,十堰市常住总人口3340841人,其中:茅箭区399449人,张湾区368471人,郧县558355人,郧西县447482人,竹山县417079人,竹溪县315259人,房县390991人,丹江口市443755人。 2014年,撤销郧县,设立十堰市郧阳区。
  4. 2017年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:十堰市 [2017 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Shiyan City] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2018. 统计用区划代码 名称 420301000000 市辖区 420302000000 茅箭区 420303000000 张湾区 420304000000 郧阳区 420322000000 郧西县 420323000000 竹山县 420324000000 竹溪县 420325000000 房县 420381000000 丹江口市
  5. 区划人口 [Administrative Divisions and Population] (in Chinese). Shiyan People's Government. 26 March 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018. 【行政区划】十堰市辖张湾区、茅箭区、郧阳区及丹江口市、郧西县、竹山县、竹溪县、房县,下设13 个街道办事处、72 个镇、34 个乡、1842 个村委会、159 个居委会。
  6. "汉十高铁全线轨道贯通-新华网". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  7. "武汉至十堰最快1小时50分钟 汉十高铁开启2小时双城记倒计时". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
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