Shahrir Abdul Samad
Tan Sri Datuk Seri Utama Shahrir bin Abdul Samad (Jawi: شهرير بن عبدالصمد; born 22 November 1949) is a Malaysian politician who was the Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs (2008-2009), a Member of Parliament of Malaysia and the former chairman of the Barisan Nasional Backbenchers Club (BNBBC). He is a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the largest political component party in the former ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. In Parliament – specifically the lower house of Parliament of Malaysia, the Dewan Rakyat – he represented the constituency of Johor Bahru in the state of Johor for six non-consecutive terms. (1978-1990, 2004-2018).
Shahrir Abdul Samad
شهرير بن عبدالصمد
|Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs|
18 March 2008 – 9 April 2009
|Preceded by||Shafie Apdal|
|Succeeded by||Ismail Sabri Yaakob|
|Member of the Malaysian Parliament|
for Johor Bahru
21 March 2004 – 10 May 2018
|Preceded by||Mohamed Khaled Nordin|
|Succeeded by||Akmal Nasrullah Mohd Nasir|
22 July 1978 – 22 October 1990
|Preceded by||Jaafar Hamzah|
|Succeeded by||Mohamed Khaled Nordin|
|Chairman of Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA)|
1 January 2017 – 14 May 2018
|Preceded by||Mohd Isa Abdul Samad|
|Succeeded by||Mohd Zhariff Kamarudin|
Shahril bin Abdul Samad
22 November 1949
Kuantan, Pahang, Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia)
|Relations||Khalid Abdul Samad (younger brother)|
|Alma mater||University of Malaya|
He was appointed as the chairman of Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA) from 1 January 2017 to 14 May 2018.
Early life and career
Shahrir was born in Kuantan, Pahang, and attended local primary schools. He later attended the Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK) for his secondary education. He went on to gain an economics degree from the University of Malaya in Statistics, and a Masters of Business Administration from the International Institute for Management Development in Lausanne, Switzerland.
In 1973 he became the youngest political secretary in the country when he became political secretary to Musa Hitam, later Deputy Prime Minister. After his tenure expired in 1975, he became political secretary to Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak till 1976. Shahrir first ran for public office in the 1978 general election, when he won the Parliamentary seat of Johor Bahru. He was initially appointed Deputy Minister, of Trade and Industry, but later became Minister of Welfare, Youth and Sports, and in 1987 took up the post of Federal Territory Minister. He also served as political secretary to Prime Minister Tun Hussein Onn from 1983 to 1986. Shahrir was sacked that year in the events leading up to the 1988 Malaysian constitutional crisis and Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah's challenge to Prime Minister and UMNO President Mahathir Mohamad. In 1988, Shahrir resigned from his Parliamentary seat, and ran for re-election in the resulting by-election as an independent. A year later, he rejoined UMNO, while Razaleigh went on to form Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46). He subsequently was dropped as UMNO candidate in the 1990, 1995 and 1999 general elections.
Later political career
In 2004, he returned to run for 11th general election in Johor Bahru on a BN-UMNO ticket, and won. He later claimed that then Prime Minister Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi had offered him a post in the Cabinet, but declined, citing the large number of qualified MPs. Instead, he went on to chair the Public Accounts Committee in the Dewan Rakyat.
He was link to the Generasi Profesional dan Pewaris Bangsa (PROWARIS), an NGO attempted to raise a third voice in order to influence the UMNO party; which was more incline to the ex-prime minister Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamed.
On 4 May 2006, Shahrir announced his resignation as chairman of the Barisan Nasional Backbenchers Club (BNBBC). Earlier that day, Parliament had been discussing the issue of a member of parliament (MP) who allegedly asked the Melaka Customs and Excise Department to "close one eye" to an illegal import shipment of timber. Lim Kit Siang of the Democratic Action Party (DAP) and the Leader of the Opposition moved a motion to refer the MP in question to the Dewan Rakyat House Committee of Rights and Privileges. Several BN MPs quickly voiced their disagreement with the motion, but Shahrir – according to one source – "shocked the House" when he stood and spoke in favour of the motion in order "to maintain the integrity of parliamentarians and Parliament". The motion was eventually rejected – in line with the BN policy of not supporting motions moved by the opposition – by the House. Shahrir walked out of the House and held a press conference in the Parliament lobby, telling reporters that "Even though it was an Opposition motion, we should support it for its importance to MPs and the House." He then announced his resignation as the Chairman of the BNBBC. The Deputy chairman, Raja Ahmad Zainuddin Raja Omar, later told reporters he would attempt to persuade Shahrir to stay on.
After an emergency meeting, the BNBBC also announced they would ask Shahrir to stay on. In the meantime, the MP for Jasin, Mohammad Said Yusof, said he was the MP implicated in the matter. However, he insisted he had only asked for leniency on the grounds that the timber had been found to be illegal due to a technicality. Minister in the Prime Minister's Department in charge of Parliamentary Affairs, Datuk Seri Mohamed Nazri Aziz, said that "It is not that we disagree with Shahrir but it's an opposition motion and we usually reject their motions." He also told the press that the House Rights and Privileges Committee could not have an unnamed MP referred to it on the basis of a newspaper report. Nazri said that the Customs chief would have to complain to the Speaker and name the MP in question.
Later that week, Shahrir met with then Deputy Prime Minister and BN Chief Whip, Dato' Sri Najib Tun Razak to officially submit his resignation. While Najib accepted it, it was not immediately clear if he would initiate disciplinary action against Shahrir for breaking ranks with the party. Shahrir initially insisted that "This is not a party matter," but later told the press that he resigned "as I had breached the party's directive against supporting an Opposition motion."
Later, several backbenchers demanded that Shahrir's resignation be rescinded. The BNBBC secretary, Rosli Mat Hassan (MP for Dungun) issued a statement on the behalf of other backbenchers where he declared, "the unwritten rule that presently [makes] it mandatory for BN MPs to oppose any opposition motion regardless of merit [runs] counter to basic parliamentary practice and [infringes] on the duties of MPs". It was reported that Zaid Ibrahim, MP for Kota Bharu, was now leading a campaign to re-elect Shahrir as the BNBBC chairman. Shahrir's supporters said that it was their right to decide who led them, and implied that this was not Najib's prerogative. At the same time, the BNBBC's official position on the issue was that Shahrir had procedurally erred in supporting the motion, as the matter was beyond the purview of the Committee in question, which exists only to prevent a breach or abuse of Parliamentary privileges. A spokesperson also said that "The current procedure now is MPs must give a written notice to the Speaker, and only when the Speaker is satisfied, can the House decide whether the matter should be referred to the committee. ... In this episode, it was all done in a blink of an eye." Shahrir later reversed himself, saying "I made a mistake in regard to the parliamentary procedure involved. However, based on the political model, there was no mistake."
The following day, the then Prime Minister Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi issued an official directive on the matter, affirming that MPs could only vote along party lines. Zaid and most of the other backbenchers who had backed further autonomy told the press they accepted the decision. However, Rosli clashed with Minister in the Prime Minister's Department in charge of Parliamentary Affairs and Deputy Chief Whip Nazri Aziz, who said that "The Whip is only relaxed when it is lifted by the chief or the deputy chief Whip." Rosli said "...in the absence of his [the Chief Whip's] direction, the general rule is to that MPs are to vote according to their conscience..." Although many backbenchers said they considered Shahrir the BNBBC chairman, Abdullah said that the government had planned to sack Shahrir, "But before we could do that he resigned, and we respect his decision."
In 2008, following the 12th general election which saw BN's majority significantly slashed, Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi appointed Shahrir as Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Minister. In the 2009 UMNO General Assembly, Shahrir lost his bid for a place in the Supreme Council and consequently resigned from the Cabinet.
|1978||Johore Bahru||Shahrir Abdul Samad (UMNO)||38,950||71.57%||Chan Yeik Nung @ Chan Heng Jib (DAP)||15,469||28.43%||U/A||23,481||U/A|
|1982||Shahrir Abdul Samad (UMNO)||47,825||69.20%||A. Razak Ahmad (PSRM)||21,288||30.80%||U/A||26,537||U/A|
|1986||P130 Johor Bahru||Shahrir Abdul Samad (UMNO)||19,349||53.06%||A. Razak Ahmad (PSRM)||17,114||46.94%||37,368||2,235||62.36%|
|1988||Shahrir Abdul Samad (IND)||23,581||64.06%||Mas'ud Abd Rahman (UMNO)||10,968||29.80%||37,094||12,613||61.52%|
|A. Razak Ahmad (PSRM)||2,260||6.14%|
|2004||P160 Johor Bahru||Shahrir Abdul Samad (UMNO)||54,073||88.13%||Atan Ahmad (PAS)||7,281||11.87%||62,455||46,792||68.55%|
|2008||Shahrir Abdul Samad (UMNO)||43,143||70.80%||Hassan Abdul Karim (PRM)||17,794||29.20%||62,440||25,349||69.59%|
|2013||Shahrir Abdul Samad (UMNO)||44,509||56.68%||Md Hashim Hussein (PKR)||34,014||43.32%||79,965||10,134||83.02%|
|2018||Shahrir Abdul Samad (UMNO)||30,270||37.55%||Akmal Nasrullah Mohd Nasir (PKR)||50,052||62.45%||81,645||19,782||80.50%|
Honour of Malaysia
Notes and references
- "Lembaga Kemajuan Tanah Persekutuan (FELDA) - Mantan Pengerusi". www.felda.net.my (in Malay). Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- Ram, B. Suresh (18 March 2008). "The Cabinet post remains the same: Shahrir". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 21 March 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2008.
- Beh, Lih Yi (20 March 2008). "Shahrir: We need more aggressive ministers". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 20 March 2008.
- HermanSamsudeen (7 June 2007). "PROWARIS YANG SEBENARNYA". DEWAN PEMUDA PAS WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Chok, Suat Ling (4 October 2005). "MPs in the dock". New Straits Times, p. 1, 6.
- Yusop, Husna (4 May 2006). "Shahrir quits as BBC chief after MPs failed to support an 'integrity' motion" Archived 19 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Malaysia Today.
- "Shahrir quits as Backbenchers Club chief", pp. 1, 3. (5 May 2006). The Star.
- "'I asked dept to be lenient'", p. 3. (5 May 2006). The Star.
- "Disciplinary action against Shahrir?", p. 7. (6 May 2006). New Straits Times.
- Beh, Lih Yi (8 May 2006). BN backbenchers stage a revolt. Malaysiakini.
- Ooi, Jeff (2006). "Sandiwara? Take the Teflon Test... ( 4 )" Archived 9 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 8 May 2006.
- Ram, B. Suresh (8 May 2006). "MPs want to vote according to their conscience" Archived 18 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine. The Sun.
- Ram, B. Suresh (9 May 2006). "I'm not disappointed, says Shahrir". The Sun.
- Megan, M.K. & Andres, Leslie (9 May 2006). "Abdullah: Vote along party lines", p. 4. New Straits Times.
- "MPs told to assist, not hinder government agencies", p. 4. (9 May 2006). New Straits Times.
- Ram, B. Suresh (9 May 2006). "Bound by Whip at all times" Archived 3 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. The Sun.
- "PM unveils trimmed-down cabinet". Malaysiakini. 18 March 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2008.
- Shahrir says it is only right to resign Archived 4 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine The Malaysian Insider. 1 April 2009
- "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
- "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
- "KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 13". Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat Pilihan Raya Umum (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
- "my undi : Kawasan & Calon-Calon PRU13 : Keputusan PRU13 (Archived copy)". www.myundi.com.my. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum ke-13". Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- "SEMAKAN KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM KE - 14" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
- "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
- "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
- "Tun Abdullah dahului senarai penerima darjah kebesaran WP 2010". Bernama (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 1 February 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Samad, Shahrir Abdul (2005). "shahrir-umno". Retrieved 29 October 2005.