Seventeen Seventy, Queensland
Seventeen Seventy, also written as 1770, is a coastal town and locality in Gladstone Region, Queensland, Australia, built on the site of the second landing in Australia by James Cook and the crew of HM Bark Endeavour in May 1770 (Cook's first landing in what is now the state of Queensland). Originally known as Round Hill – after the creek it sits on – the name was changed on 24 June 1936 after the town allotments were surveyed in 1935 to recognise the historical importance of the town. The community of Seventeen Seventy hold the re-enactment of this historic landing each year as part of the 1770 Festival held in May.
|Population||76 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||34.2 m (112 ft)|
Although the town is referred to locally as 1770 using numerals, the official name of the town is in words Seventeen Seventy, as it is a principle of Queensland's place naming that numbers are spelled out.
The village is a tourist destination on Queensland's Discovery Coast. It is situated on a peninsula, with the Coral Sea and Bustard Bay on three sides. Agnes Water is eight kilometres (five miles) to the south. The village itself contains holiday accommodation, restaurants, general store, hotel, picnic areas with free barbecues and a small marina where daily trips depart for Lady Musgrave Island on the Great Barrier Reef, and several trips a week to Bustard Head Light Station.
Seventeen Seventy can be reached by a sealed road from Bundaberg, 120 kilometres (75 mi) to the south, going through Agnes Water. The town sustains a small permanent population; a significant holiday population makes it to the area to take advantage of fishing, Great Barrier Reef trips and other water activities.
The area's wildlife and vegetation have been preserved as far as possible, and this, together with the area's natural environment, and an outer surf and inner still water beach, is a tourist attraction. There are also day cruises and flights to the outer Great Barrier Reef, to nearby Lady Musgrave Island and Pancake Creek, and the nearby Bustard Head lighthouse.
Seventeen Seventy has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Round Hill Creek and Round Hill Head: Cook's Landing Place
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Seventeen Seventy (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "Seventeen Seventy - town (entry 44530)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Seventeen Seventy - locality (entry 47286)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Earthly Paradise of Miriam Vale". The Queenslander. Queensland, Australia. 12 November 1936. p. 42. Retrieved 14 August 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- The 1770 Festival Archived 3 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Lets Connect. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- "How places are named". Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Agnes Water & Town of 1770 - Visitor Information". Visit Agnes 1770. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "Cook's Landing Place, Town of Seventeen Seventy (entry 601614)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 8 July 2013.