Service pistol

A service pistol is any handgun or sidearm issued to military personnel or law enforcement officers. It is also known as a personal weapon or ordnance weapon.

Typically service pistols are revolvers or semi-automatic pistols issued to officers, non-commissioned officers, and rear-echelon support personnel for self defense, though service pistols may also be issued to special forces as a backup for their primary weapons. Pistols are not typically issued to front-line infantry.

Before firearms were commonplace, officers and often NCOs typically carried swords instead.

History

Prior to the introduction of cartridge-loading firearms, there was little standardization with regards to the handguns carried by military personnel, although it had been important for officers, artillerymen, and other auxiliary troops to have a means of defending themselves, especially as it was not always practical for them to have a full-length rifle or carbine.

Traditionally, soldiers (infantry and cavalry alike) and officers had carried swords for both personal protection and use in combat. The development of firearms in the mid-14th century changed the way battles were fought, and by the late-15th century it was no longer especially practical to close to hand-to-hand combat range to engage one's opponents, owing to the prevalence of pikes and musket-fire (pike and shot) on the battlefield.

Training was also a factor—it took a very long time to train new recruits in the use of longbows and swords—whereas the basic operation of an arquebus could be taught in a comparatively short time. As a result, swords were retained only by officers (who were less likely to be at the front of the pike-and-musket hedge) and by cavalry, for whom early single-shot handguns were of limited use.

The invention of the revolver in 1836 finally made a service pistol practical, as prior to this pistols had largely been single-shot weapons usually of no particular standardized pattern.

Although officers traditionally had been obliged to buy their own weapons, non-commissioned officers (NCOs) and other enlisted personnel were generally issued their weapons (which they were then expected to either pay for or return to the quartermaster if they were promoted). Service pistols, on the other hand, were generally issued to officers, NCOs, and others who needed to carry personal weapons as part of their duties. Hence, it was quite common for officers to carry government-issued service pistols in combat.

The first service handguns were revolvers, but the development of semi-automatic pistols (the first practical example being the Mauser C96 "Broomhandle") gradually led to their replacement by semi-automatic handguns, such as the well-known German P08 Luger, the first semi-automatic service pistol to be widely adopted by an industrialised nation.

The British Army was the last major military service to adopt a semi-automatic service pistol as a standard sidearm, phasing out their Webley Mk IV, Enfield No 2 Mk I, and Smith & Wesson Victory revolvers in 1969,[1] after which the Browning Hi-Power became the Army's official service pistol.

Modern issue

Special operations soldiers often carry a handgun as a secondary weapon to serve in a supplementary capacity to their primary weapon (a rifle, carbine, submachine gun, or shotgun); this practice is not as prevalent among conventional soldiers. Soldiers who do not serve in a direct combat role are often issued a pistol (such as officers, artillery crews, and other rear-echelon personnel), but conventional riflemen are not generally issued a pistol as part of their standard kit. However, drivers are often issued a handgun since while driving, their rifle will be stowed on a rack and thus difficult to make ready quickly in an emergency whereas a handgun is more easily accessible. Service pistols are issued to military police and other soldiers acting in a law enforcement capacity as part of their duties.

The tradition of issuing pistols to officers as a primary weapon is being phased out by many nations. The United States Marine Corps, for example, recently began requiring all enlisted personnel and all officers below the rank of Lieutenant Colonel to carry the M4 Carbine as their primary weapon. British officers on combat duty are also normally issued with the standard rifle, but are not required to carry it with them at all times; for example, while operating as support staff the rifle would be stored in the base armory, though this is the same for most support staff.

Issue by nation

Afghanistan

Firearm Type Cartridge Service Years Service Branch
Smith & Wesson SW9VE[2][3][4] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum May and June 2005–Present (Afghan National Army)[2]
December 2005–Present (Afghan Border Police)[3]
May 2006–Present (Afghan National Army)[4]
Afghan National Army[2]
Afghan Border Police[3]
Afghan National Police[4]

Albania

Firearm Type Cartridge
Tokarev TT[5] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev

Algeria

Firearm Type Cartridge
MAC Mle 1950[6] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum
Tokagypt[6] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum

Angola

Firearm Type Cartridge
Tokarev TT[7] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Makarov PM[7] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov
Stechkin APS[7] Selective-fire 9×18mm Makarov

Argentina

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Steyr Mannlicher M1901 Semi-automatic and Fully 7.65mm Mannlicher 1905–1916
M1916/M1927 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1916–1980
Ballester–Molina Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1938–1985
Browning Hi-Power[8][9][10][11] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1973–1998
Bersa Thunder 9 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1998–Present

Australia

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[12] (designated "Self-Loading Pistol 9 Millimetre Mark 3")[13] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–Present

Austria

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
M1870/M1870-74/M1882 Gasser Revolver 11.25×36R, 11.2×29.5 mm (Montenegrin) 1870–1898
Gasser-Kropatschek M1876 Revolver 9×26R 1876–1898
M1878 Gasser Revolver 9×26R 1878–1898
Rast & Gasser M1898 Revolver 8mm Gasser 1898–1945
Roth–Steyr M1907 Semi-automatic 8mm Roth–Steyr 1907–1945
Steyr M1912 Semi-automatic 9mm Steyr, 9×19mm Parabellum 1912–1945
Dienstpistole 11,43mm (M1911 pistol) Semi-automatic 11,43mm Dienstpistole (.45 ACP) 1950–????
Walther P38[14] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1938–1995
Walther P1 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1957–1995
Glock 17,[14] designated Pistole 80 (P80) Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980–Present

Bahrain

Firearm Type Cartridge
Browning Hi-Power[15] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum

Bangladesh

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[16] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1970–Present
Type 54 pistol Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1970–Present[17]
Bangladesh Ordnance Factories Type 92 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2008–Present[18]

Barbados

Firearm Type Cartridge
Browning Hi-Power[19] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum
Smith & Wesson revolver[19] Revolver .38 S&W

Belgium

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Revolver de Cavalerie Mle. 1871 Revolver 11mm 1871–????
Revolver d'Officer Mle. 1878 Revolver 9.4×22mm Mle. 1877 et 1878 1878–????
Revolver Mle. 1886 Revolver 7.5mm Cartouche a Balle Mle 1886 1886–????
FN Model 1903 Semi-automatic 9mm Browning Long 1903–????
Browning Hi-Power[20] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present
FN Five-seveN Semi-automatic 5.7×28mm 2000–Present

Belize

Firearm Type Cartridge
Browning Hi-Power[21] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum

Bermuda

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1965–????
Beretta 92 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ????–Present

Brazil

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Pistola Parabellum Semi-automatic 7.65×21mm Parabellum 1906–1937
M1911 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1937–1984
S&W M1917 Double-action revolver .45 ACP 1937–1984
IMBEL M911A1[22] Semi-automatic .45 ACP ????–????
IMBEL M973[22] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ????–????
Beretta 92[22] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ????–????
Taurus PT92[22] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1984–Present
Taurus PT940[22] Semi-automatic .40 S&W ????–????
Taurus PT945[22] Semi-automatic .45 ACP ????–????

Cambodia

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Tokarev TT[23] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1950s–Present
Type 54 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1967–Present
Makarov PM Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1967–Present
M1911 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1950s–1975
Browning Hi-Power[23] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1967–Present
QSZ-92 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2005–Present

Canada

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years Used by
Colt Model 1878 Revolver .45 Colt 1885–1902
Colt New Service Revolver .45 Colt 1900–1928
Colt Model 1911 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1914–1945
Smith & Wesson 2nd Model "Hand Ejector" Revolver .455 Webley 1915–1951
Enfield No. 2 Mk I Revolver .38/200 1937–1964
Smith & Wesson "Military & Police" Revolver .38/200 1939–1964
Inglis Hi-Power[24] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1944–Present
SIG Sauer P225 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1991–Present Canadian armed forces military police

Chile

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Steyr M1912 Semi-automatic 9×23mm Steyr 1912–1948
Walther P38 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1938–1980s
FAMAE FN-750 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980s–Present

Croatia

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Zastava M57 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1957–92
HS2000 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1999–Present
Springfield XDM Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2006–Present

China

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser
.45 ACP
1927–1953
TT pistol Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1930s–1951
Type 51/54 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1951–Present
Type 77 Semi-automatic 7.62×17mm Type 64 1981–Present
QSZ92-9 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1996–Present
QSZ92-5.8 Semi-automatic 5.8×21mm DAP92 1996–Present
QSW-06 Semi-automatic 5.8×21mm DCV05 2006–Present
QX-04 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Luger
.45 ACP
7.62×25mm Tokarev
.40 S&W
2010–Present
QSZ-11[25] Semi-automatic 5.8×21mm DCV05 2013–Present
P12/P19[26] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Luger 2016–Present

Taiwan

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Mauser C96 Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser
.45 ACP
1911–1950s
Luger P08 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1911–1950s
Browning Hi-Power Semi automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1941–Present
M1911 pistol Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1941–Present
T75 Pistol Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1986–Present

Czech Republic

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Vz. 24 Semi-automatic .380 ACP 1924–1952
Vz. 52 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1952–1982
Vz. 82 Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1983–1993
CZ 75 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1989–Present

Denmark

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Omdrejningspistol M1861 Pinfire revolver 11mm Lefaucheux 1861–1881
Omdrejningspistol M1865 Pinfire revolver 11mm Lefaucheux 1865–1940
Omdrejningspistol M1880 Double-action revolver 9mm Danish Army 1880–1945
Pistol M1910 Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1910–1945
Pistol P.08 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1945–1975
Pistol M/46[8] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1946-2000
Pistol M/49 Neuhausen Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1949–Present
Glock 20 Semi-automatic 10mm Auto 200?–Present (Used by Siriuspatruljen)

Egypt

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Helwan Brigadier Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1955–Present
Maadi 920 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ~1990–Present

Estonia

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–1940
Makarov pistol Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1991–Present
Heckler & Koch USP Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2007–Present

Finland

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
7.65 PIST 19 Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1919–1971
7.65 PIST 23 Semi-automatic 7.65mm Parabellum 1922–1980s
9.00 PIST 35 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–1980s
9.00 PIST FN Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1940–1980s
9.00 PIST 80-91 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980–Present
9.00 PIST 2003 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present
9.00 PIST 2008 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2008–Present

France

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Lefaucheux M1858 Revolver 12mm pinfire cartridge 1858–1873?
Chamelot Delvigne French 1873 Revolver 11mm 1873–1892
Lebel M1892 Revolver 8mm Lebel 1892–1945
MAB D Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1923–1984
Modele 1935 Semi-automatic 7.65×20mm Longue 1935–1950
MAC 50 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1950–1988
Manurhin MR 73 Revolver .357 Magnum 1973–Present
PAMAS G1s Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1984–Present
Glock 17 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1992–Present
SIG Sauer SP-2022 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present

Germany

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
M1879/M1883 Reichsrevolver Revolver 10,6 dt. Ordonnanz (10,6×25) 1879–1918
Luger P08 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1904–1945
Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser
9×19mm Parabellum
1914–1945
Mauser 1914/1934 Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1914–1945
Walther PP/PPK Semi-automatic .32 ACP, .380 ACP, 9×19mm Parabellum 1929–1970s
Walther P38 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1938–1960s
Mauser HSc Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1939–1945
Walther P1 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1957–1993
Heckler & Koch P7 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ?–Present (Used by Military Police)
Makarov pistol (East Germany) Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1951–1991
Heckler & Koch P12 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1993-Present
Heckler & Koch P8 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1993–Present

Hungary

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Frommer Stop Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1919–1948
M48 Tokarev Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1948–1963
FEG PA-63 Semi-automatic 9mm Makarov 1963–1996
FÉG Model P9RC Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1996–Present
Heckler & Koch USP Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2004–Present

India

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
India pattern pistol Horse pistol .65 calibre 1787-1861
Pistol Auto 9mm 1A Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1981–Present
Glock 17 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ?–Present

Iran

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
SIG P226 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1990s–Present

Iraq

Firearm Type Cartridge Service Years Service Branch
Browning Hi-Power[27] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1947–1980s
Tokarev pistol[27] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev ????–????
Makarov pistol Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1970s-2003
Tariq pistol Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1979-2003
Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod CZ 75[27] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ????–????
M9 pistol Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present
Glock 19 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present
Zastava Arms CZ 99[28][29] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2008–Present[28][29]
Smith & Wesson M&P9[30] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum October 2008–Present[30] Iraqi Military and Security Forces[30]

Israel

In general, the Israel Defense Forces do not issue handguns but to selected units who operate in counter-terrorism and close quarters battles. IDF officers can purchase a pistol of their own choice as a personal defense weapon. All combat soldiers are issued with a service rifle with acts as their primary weapon during combat (unless they carry crew-served weapons such as machine guns, sniper weapon systems or rocket propelled grenades).

In the Israeli Police all service personnel are issued with a 9×19mm Parabellum pistol, which they carry on- and off-duty. Rifles and special weapons are issued per mission. Shin Bet operators are issued with a pistol for self-defense.

Firearm Type Calibre Branch Service Years
Enfield No. 2 Revolver .380" Revolver Israel Police, Israel Defense Forces, Israel Border Police 1940s–1960s
Beretta M1951 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ? 1950s–1990s
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum Israel Police, Israel Defense Forces 1970s–1980s
IMI Jericho 941 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum Israeli Police, Shin Bet 1980s–2016
Glock 17 & Glock 19C Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum Israeli Police, Shin Bet, Israel Defense Forces 1996–Present

Italy

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Pistola Rotazione Modello 1872 Revolver 10.35mm 1872–????
Bodeo M1889 Revolver 10.35mm 1889–1945
Glisenti M1910 Semi-automatic 9mm Glisenti 1910–1935
Beretta M1923 Semi-automatic 9mm Glisenti 1923–1945
Beretta M1934 Semi-automatic .380 ACP 1935–1981
Beretta 92FS Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1981–Present
Beretta 90two Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2011–Present (limited)[31]

Japan

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Meiji Type 26 Revolver 9mm Meiji 1893–1945
Nambu Type 14 Semi-automatic 8mm Nambu 1915–1945
Nambu Type 94 Semi-automatic 8mm Nambu 1934–1945
M1911A1 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1945–1989
Sig Sauer P220 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1985–Present

Jordan

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Helwan Brigadier Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–????
Beretta 92 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–Present
Viper Jaws pistol Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2005–Present

Kenya

Firearm Type Cartridge
Browning Hi-Power[32] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum

Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Type 68 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1960s–Present
Type 66 Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1960s-Present

Republic of Korea (South Korea)

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
M1911A1 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1945–1989
Daewoo K5 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1989–Present

Kuwait

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[33] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–????

Lebanon

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning 1911 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1940–Present
Browning Hi-Power[34] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1940–Present
Walther P38[34] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1940–????
Colt Commander[34] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1940–Present
Helwan Brigadier Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1950–Present
Beretta 92 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980–Present

Libya

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Tokarev TT[35] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 19??–????
Beretta M1951[35] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–????
Makarov PM[35] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 19??–????
Stechkin APS[35] Selective-fire 9×18mm Makarov 19??–????

Myanmar

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power

designated MA-5 Mk-I

Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1969–Present
Glock 17,[14] designated MA-5 Mk-II Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2009–Present
SIG Sauer P226

designated MA-5 Mk-III

Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present

Netherlands

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Beaumont–Adams NM.73 Revolver .450 Adams 1873–1940
Browning M25 no.1 Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1925–1946
Browning M25 no.2 Semi-automatic .380 ACP 1933–1946
Browning M46[8] Semi.automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1946–1994
Glock 17[36] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1994–Present[36]

Norway

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Lefaucheux M1864 Revolver 11mm Lefaucheux 1864–1931
Nagant M1883 Revolver 9mm Nagant 1883–1931
Selvspenner M/1893 Revolver 7.5mm Swedish Nagant 1893–1940
Kongsberg M1914 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1914–1993
Luger P08 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1945–1987
Walther P38 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1945–1987
Glock P80 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1985–Present

Panama

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present

Peru

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present

Poland

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Pistolet Vis wz. 35 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–1947
Pw wz. 33 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1947–1964
P-64 Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1964–Present
P-83 Wanad Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1983–Present
WIST-94 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1999–Present

Portugal

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Beaumont–Adams Revolver ?? (later converted for .450 Adams) 1863–??
Galand-Sommerville Revolver Revolver 9mm and 12mm 1872–??
Nagant M1878 Officer's Model[37] Revolver 9.1×17mmR 1878[37]–1908
Nagant M1886 Trooper's Model[37] Revolver 9.1×17mmR 1886[37]–1908
Pistola m/1908 Semi-automatic 7.65×21mm Parabellum 1908–1961
Pistola m/1915 Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1915–??
FN P35 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present
Pistola m/943 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1941–1961
Walther P38 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1961–Present
SIG P228 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 199?–Present
HK USP Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 200?–Present
Glock 19 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2009–Present

Russia / Soviet Union

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Cossack pistol Miquelet lock pistol .71 1600–1880
Russian pistol model 1808 Horse pistol .71 1808-1844
Russian pistol model 1818 Horse pistol .71 1818-1856
Russian pistol model 1824 Horse pistol .71 1824-1856
Russian pistol model 1836 Horse pistol .71 1836-1873
Smith & Wesson Model 3 Revolver .44 Russian 1873–1895
Nagant M1895 Revolver 7.62×38mmR 1895–1950
Mauser C96 Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser 1917–1945
TT pistol Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1933–1952
Makarov pistol Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1951–Present
Stechkin automatic pistol Selective-fire 9×18mm Makarov 1951–Present
OTs-33 Machine Pistol Selective-fire 9×18mm Makarov 1996-Present
GSh-18 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum/9×19mm 7N21/9×19mm 7N31 2000-Present
Izhmekh MP-443 Grach Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum/9×19mm 7N21 2003–Present

Serbia

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Nagant M1891 Revolver 7.5mm Ordnance 1891–1945
Mauser C96 Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser 1903–1945
Luger P08 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1910–1945
Ruby pistol Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1916–1945
Browning M1910/22 Semi-automatic .380 ACP 1922–1945
Zastava CZ 99 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1991–Present

South Africa

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Webley Revolver Revolver .455 Webley 18??–19??
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??
Star Model BM Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–1988
Vektor Z88 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1988–Present
Vektor SP1/SP2 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1992–Present
Beretta PX4 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2010–Present

Spain

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Lefaucheux M1858 Double-Action Revolver 12mm 1858–??
Smith & Wesson Model 3 Revolver .44 Russian 1874–??
Merwin Hulbert Model 1888 Revolver 11mm 1888–??
Bergmann 1903 Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1905–1914
Campogiro 1913/1916 Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1916–1921
Astra 400 Model 1921 Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1921–1946
Star Super A Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1946–1986
Star B Super Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1970–1986
Llama M82 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1984–Present
Heckler & Koch USP Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2004–Present

Sweden

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Revolver m/1863 Revolver 11mm Lefaucheux 1863–1880
Revolver m/1871 Revolver 11×17mm Centerfire 1871–1887
Revolver m/1863-79 Revolver 11×17mm Centerfire 1879–1887
Revolver m/1887 Revolver 7.5mm Swedish Nagant 1887–1945
Pistol m/07 Semi-automatic 9mm Browning Long 1907[38]–1988
Pistol m/39 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1939–19??
Pistol m/40 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1940–1993
Pistol 88 (Glock 17) Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1988–Present
Pistol 88B (Glock 19) Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1988–Present

Switzerland

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Ordonnanzrevolver 1872 Revolver 10.4mm Swiss rimfire 1872–1878
Ordonnanzrevolver 1878 Revolver 10.4mm Swiss centrefire 1878–1882
Schmidt M1882 Revolver 7.5mm Swiss 1882–1946
Luger pistol Semi-automatic 7.65×21mm Parabellum 1900–1949
SIG P210 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1949–1975
Walther PPK Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1965–19??
SIG P220 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1975–Present
SIG Pistole 03 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present

Thailand

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
FN M1900 Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1901–1945
Nambu Type A Semi-automatic 8×22mm Nambu 1920s–?
M1911 pistol Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1943–Present
HK USP Semi-automatic .45 ACP 2003–Present
Glock 17 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ??–Present
SIG Sauer P320[39] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2015–Present[40]
CZ 75 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ??–Present

Turkey

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Mauser C96 Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser 1896–1945
Luger P08 Semi-automatic 7.65×21mm Parabellum 1898–1945
FN Model 1903 Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1912–1955
vz. 50 Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1955-2000
MKEK Kırıkkale Semi-automatic .380 ACP, .32 ACP 1945–2000
Beretta 70 Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1958-2000
Llama X-A Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1950-2000
M1911 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1953-2000
Beretta Cheetah Semi-automatic .380 ACP, .32 ACP 1976-2000
CZ 75 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1976–Present
Beretta 92 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980s–Present
Sarsılmaz Kılınç 2000 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2000–Present
Girsan Yavuz 16 Compact Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2000–Present
Tisaş Zigana T, Zigana F Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2000–Present
Sarsılmaz ST-9 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2015–Present

Tuvalu

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present

Ukraine

Firearm Type Cartridge Service Years
Makarov pistol Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1991–Present
Fort-17 Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 2014[41]–Present

United Arab Emirates

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[42] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1971–2007
Heckler & Koch P7M13[42] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ????–????
Caracal F Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2007–Present

United Kingdom

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Tower horse pistol Pistol .71 calibre 1722-1860
Beaumont–Adams Revolver .450 Adams 1853–1880
Enfield Mk I & Mk II Revolver .476 Enfield 1880–1887
Webley Mk I-VI Revolver .455 Webley 1887–1947
S&W .44 Hand Ejector Revolver .455 Webley 1914–1918
Colt Government Model Semi-automatic .455 Webley 1914–1918
Enfield No 2 Mk I Revolver .38/200 1932–1963
Webley Mk IV Revolver .38/200 1932–1963
Smith & Wesson M&P or Victory Model Revolver .38/200 1940–1963
Colt M1911A1 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1942–1945
Inglis Hi-Power Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1944–1980s
Browning Hi-Power[43] (designated L9A1)[44][45] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1967[46] – 2014
SIG Sauer P226[43] (designated L105A1 / L105A2)[47][48] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1995–Present[49]
Glock 17 Generation 4[44] (designated L131A1)[47][48][50] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2013–Present[44]

United States

Firearm Type Caliber Service Years Service Branch
Harpers Ferry Model 1805 Flintlock .54 1805–?
Model 1816 Flintlock Pistol Flintlock .54 1816–?
Model 1836 Flintlock Pistol Flintlock .54 1836–1842
Model 1842 Percussion Pistol Percussion Cap .54 1842–1865
Colt M1847 Walker Cap and ball revolver, single-action .44 1847–1848
Colt M1848 Dragoon Cap and ball revolver, single-action .44 1848–1860
Colt M1851 Navy Cap and ball revolver, single-action .36 1851–1873
Colt Army Model 1860 Cap and ball revolver, single-action .44 1860–1873
Remington Model 1858 Cap and ball revolver, single-action .36, .44 1862–1875
Smith & Wesson Model No. 3 Single-action cartridge revolver .44 S&W American 1871–1873
Colt Single Action Army Single-action cartridge revolver .45 Colt 1873–1892
Smith & Wesson Model No. 3 Single-action cartridge revolver .45 Schofield 1875–1898
Colt M1892 Double-action revolver .38 Long Colt 1892–1909
Smith & Wesson Model 10 Double-action revolver .38 Special 1899-Present
M1909 Double-action revolver .45 Colt 1909–1911
M1911 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1911–1924
M1917 Revolver .45 ACP 1917–1954
M1911A1 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1924–Present
Beretta M9 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1985[51][52][53]–Present
SIG Sauer M11 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1988–Present U.S. Navy
Heckler & Koch Mark 23 Mod 0 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1996–Present United States Special Operations Command
SIG P229 DAK Semi-automatic .40 S&W 2006–Present United States Coast Guard
Heckler & Koch HK45C (designated Mark 24 Mod 0) Semi-automatic .45 ACP 2010–Present United States Naval Special Warfare Command
SIG Sauer P226 MK25 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2011–Present United States Navy SEALs)
Glock 19 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2015–Present United States Navy SEALs)[54]
SIG Sauer M17 Modular Handgun System[55][56] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2017–Present[55][56]

Vietnam

Firearm Type Cartridge Service Years
Tokarev TT[57] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Type 68 pistol[57] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Makarov pistol Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1951–Present

See also

Notes

  1. Stamps, Mark, and Ian Skennerton, .380 Enfield Revolver No. 2, page 118
  2. "Smith & Wesson Receives Military Contract: S&W Receives Pistol Order From US Army for Afghanistan National Army". Smith & Wesson. April 18, 2005.
  3. "Smith & Wesson Holding Corporation Receives Military Pistol Order: Company Secures $3.4 Million Order From U.S. Army for Afghanistan Border Patrol". Smith & Wesson. September 21, 2005.
  4. "Smith & Wesson Receives Fourth Military Contract: Smith & Wesson Receives $15 Million Order for SW9VE Pistols from US Army for Afghanistan National Police". Smith & Wesson. February 16, 2006.
  5. "National Inventories, Albania". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  6. "National Inventories, Algeria". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  7. "National Inventories, Angola". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  8. Arnold, David W. (2010-09-24). "Classic Handguns of the 20th Century: The Browning HI-Power". Handguns Magazine. Other countries also adopted the pistol for their military forces, including Argentina (where it was made under license), Denmark, Holland and Rhodesia.
  9. Valpolini, Paolo (June 2009). "There are Two Types of Men in this World..." (PDF). Armada International (Online). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 14, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
  10. "National Inventories, Argentina". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  11. Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  12. "National Inventories, Australia". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  13. "Self-Loading Pistol 9 millimetre Mark 3". Australian Army.
  14. "National Inventories, Austria". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  15. "National Inventories, Bahrain". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  16. "National Inventories, Bangladesh". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  17. Type 54 pistol on Bangladesh Military Forces website. Retrieved on April 16, 2010.
  18. Type 92 pistol on Bangladesh Military Forces website. Retrieved on April 16, 2010.
  19. "National Inventories, Barbados". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  20. "National Inventories, Belgium". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  21. "National Inventories, Belize". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  22. "National Inventories, Brazil". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  23. "National Inventories, Cambodia". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  24. "Canadian Army Weapons List". Retrieved 2017-04-11. The Browning 9-mm pistol is a personal protection weapon used mainly in close-quarter combat
  25. http://modernfirearms.net/handguns/hg/ch/t11-e.html
  26. http://www.360doc.com/content/16/0519/13/6932394_560420390.shtml
  27. "National Inventories, Iraq". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  28. "Serbs plan weapons shipment to Iraq". United Press International. June 3, 2008.
  29. "First Serbian Weapons Head to Iraq". Balkan Investigative Reporting Network. June 3, 2008.
  30. "Smith & Wesson Fills M&P9 Pistol Order for Iraqi Military and Security Forces". Smith & Wesson. October 30, 2008.
  31. Italian Air Force official website. First batch of Beretta 90TWO pistols delivered to the "16° Stormo Protezione delle Forze" air riflemen platoon on 05/12/2011. Retrieved on December 9, 2011.
  32. "National Inventories, Kenya". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  33. "National Inventories, Kuwait". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  34. "National Inventories, Lebanon". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  35. "National Inventories, Libya". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  36. "Glock 17, pistool 9 mm". Defensie.nl. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
  37. Handguns of the World, Edward C. Ezell, 1981, ISBN 0-88029-618-6
  38. "REVOLVERS & PISTOLS PART 3: Ruby M/19 and FN pistols". Jaegerplatoon.net.
  39. ปืนหลวง Sig Sauer P320 SP
  40. ปืนหลวง Sig Sauer P320 SP
  41. Біла книга 2014: Збройні сили України. «Міністерство оборони України», 2015. стр.77
  42. "National Inventories, United Arab Emirates". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  43. "National Inventories, United Kingdom". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.
  44. "New pistols for UK Armed Forces". Government of the United Kingdom and the Ministry of Defence. 11 January 2013.
  45. Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (1995). Army Code No. 71029, Infantry Training Volume II, Skill at Arms (Personal Weapons), Pamphlet No. 10, Pistol Automatic 9mm L9A1.
  46. Wyatt, Caroline (11 January 2013). "Glock 17 9mm pistols replace Browning for UK forces". BBC. It will replace the Browning 9mm pistol which has been in service since 1967.
  47. Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). "Tactical Hearing Protection System (THPS) User Information" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  48. "Royal Air Force Aircraft and Weapons" (PDF). 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 July 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  49. "British Military Adopts Glock 17 Generation 4" Archived 13 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Modernserviceweapons.com, 12 January 2013
  50. Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) (2014). Army Code No. 71996, DCC Training Volume II, Skill at Arms (Personal Weapons), General Service Pistol L131A1.
  51. "AROUND THE NATION; Italian 9-mm. Chosen To Replace Army's .45". The New York Times. January 15, 1985.
  52. Biddle, Wayne (January 20, 1985). "COLT .45 GOES TO THE TROPHY ROOM". The New York Times.
  53. "Army Signs Pact For Beretta Guns". The New York Times. April 11, 1985.
  54. "U.S. Navy SEALS Switch to Glock 19!". Blue Sheepdog. 2016-01-06. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
  55. "Contracts Press Operations Release No: CR-012-17 Jan. 19, 2017". defense.gov. United States Department of Defense. January 19, 2017.
  56. "SIG SAUER, Inc. Awarded the U.S. Army Contract for its New Modular Handgun System (MHS)". SIG Sauer. January 20, 2017.
  57. "National Inventories, Vietnam". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001.

References

  • Howdah To High Power (2002) Maze, Robert J, Excalibur Publications, Tucson AZ (USA) ISBN 1-880677-17-2
  • Small Arms Identification Series No. 9: .455 Pistol, Revolver No 1 Mk VI (1997) Skennerton, Ian, Arms & Militaria Press, Gold Coast QLD (Australia), ISBN 0-949749-30-3
  • .380 Enfield Revolver No 2 (1993) Stamps, Mark and Skennerton, Ian, Greenhill Books, London (UK) ISBN 1-85367-139-8
  • 1942 Basic Manual of Military Small Arms (Facsimile Edition), Smith, W.H.B, Stackpole Books, Harrisburg PA (USA), ISBN 0-8117-1699-6
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